The Meaning of Din

The word din here means reckoning or recompense and it is in this sense that the word is employed in His saying, “On that Day Allah will pay them their din in truth” (an-Nur 24:25) Meaning: the recompense of their actions with complete justice. Allah also said, “Then when we have died and become dust and bones, we will indeed be recompensed?” (as-Saffat 37:53) (ibn Atiyyah, vol 1, p71)

Ibn Abbas said in explanation of the words yawmi-d-din, ‘The Day on which the creations are judged – the Day of Resurrection. He will recompense them for their actions; if they were good then it will be good, if they were bad then it will be bad except for that which he forgives for indeed the only order [on that Day] will be His order, “Unquestionably to Him belongs the creation and the Command” (al-Araf 7:54)

There is no further explanation in this verse of al-Fatihah as to what the Day of Din is, but this is explained in His saying, “And what will make you comprehend what the Day of Din is? Again, what will make you comprehend what the Day of Din is? It is the Day when no person shall have power [to do] anything for another. The command that Day will be Allah’s Alone.” (al-Infitar 82:17-19)

The Spiritual Cure: An Explanation of Surah Al-Fatihah prepared and translated by Abu Rumaysah Pages 107-108