Istiadhah: Seeking Refuge from Shaytan

Allah, Exalted is He, says,

“Show forgiveness, enjoin what is good and turn away from the foolish. And if an evil suggestions comes to you from Shaytan, seek refuge with Allah. Indeed He is All-Hearing, All-Knowing” (al-Araf 7:199-200)

“Repel evil by means of what is best. We are best Acquainted with the things that they utter. And say, My Lord! I take refuge with you from the whisperings of the devils and I take refuge with You my Lord lest they come near me.” (al-Muminun 23:96-98)

“…Repel [evil] with that which is better then indeed one, between whom and you there was enmity, [will become] as though he was a devoted friend. But none is granted [this quality] except those who are patient and none is granted it save one who possess a great portion [of high moral character]. And if an evil suggestion comes to you from Shaytan, seek refuge with Allah, indeed He is All-Hearing, All-Knowing.” (Fussilat 41:34-46)

These verses command the servant of Allah to seek refuge with Him from the accursed Shaytan due to the severe enmity he displays towards mankind and displayed towards their father, Adam, peace and blessings be upon him. Allah says,

“O Children of Adam! Let not Shaytan deceive you, as he removed your parents out of Paradise.” (al-Araf 7:21)

Ibn al-Jawzi said, “Servants of Allah! Ponder the removal of your father, Adam from Paradise, the abode of security, and his descent to the abode of disgrace and abasement. The reason for this was none other than the accursed Shaytan. Your Master has prohibited you from obeying him and ordered you to disobey him. Indeed in his obedience lies the displeasure of ar-Rahman and disobeying him necessitates residing in Paradise and the descent of divine pleasure. Allah, Glorified and Exalted said, “Shaytan threatens you with poverty and orders you to immortality” (al-Baqarah 2:268) So whoever obeys him, he forsakes him, diverts him from true guidance and opens the doors to misguidance and ignominy in his heart.” (Ibn al-Jawzi, Bustan al-Waizin, p27)

Allah further explains to us the extreme enmity of Shaytan with His words,

“Indeed Shaytan is an open enemy to you so take him an an enemy. He invites his followers only that they may become the denizens of the blazing Fire.” (Fatir 35:6)

“Will you then take him and his offspring as friends and protectors besides Him while they are open enemies to you? Wretched it is as an exchange for the wrong-doers.” (al-Kahf 18:50)

Shaytan took an oath saying,

“By Your Might! I will surely misguide them all, except Your chosen slaves amongst them.” (Sad 38:82-83)

It is for this reason that we have been encouraged to seek refuge with Allah from the accursed Shaytan.

The Spiritual Cure: An Explanation of Surah Al-Fatihah prepared and translated by Abu Rumaysah Pages 35-38