Al-Fatihah is named the ‘Mother of the Qur’an’ because it succinctly summarises the whole of the Qur’an. The Surah includes affirmation of tawhid in all its various categories including:
- Tawhid al-Rububiyyah, meaning until of Allah’s Lordship, contained in His saying, “Lord of the worlds.”
- Tawhid al-Uluhiyyah, meaning until of Allah’s worship in that all worship is to be done sincerely for His sake Alone, contained in His saying, “You Alone we worship and Your aid Alone we seek.”
- Tawhid al-Asma wa-s-Sifat, meaning unity of Allah’s Names and Attributes in that they are perfect and unique to Him, contained in His saying, “All praises and thanks are due to Allah.”
- It teaches us to praise and glorify Allah by mentioning His beautiful and perfect Names and Attributes.
- It teaches us about His mercy and His justice
- It teaches us about the Day of Judgement and about the recompense of our deeds.
- It teaches us that the recompense will be established upon perfect justice.
- It encourages one to perform righteous actions and dissuades one from performing sins.
- It teaches us to ask of Him Alone, to humble ourselves before Him and worship Him Alone and to put our trust and reliance in Him Alone.
- It teaches us to ask Allah continuously for guidance to the Straight Path.
- It points us towards the nations of the past and warns us against falling into the same acts of transgression and misguidance that they were guilty of.
- It teaches us to aspire to the company of the sincerely truthful, the martyrs and the righteous.
- It teaches us that there is nothing in the Qur’an that would give aid or encourage innovation. Hence never will the innovator be able to find evidence for his misguidance in the Qur’an. (ibn al-Qayyim)
Al-Fatihah is a supplication that Allah teaches us to say with the purpose of attaining right guidance in this life and the next. Its place at the beginning of the Qur’an signifies that we are supposed to read the Book with the aim of discovering right guidance and following it. As such this opening Surah is like an introduction and summary of the Qur’an, its relationship is that of petition and response. Man asks for right guidance, and the rest of the Qur’an is the answer to that request.
The Spiritual Cure: An Explanation of Surah Al-Fatihah prepared and translated by Abu Rumaysah Pages 192-194