Tafsir of Surah Yunus Ayat 55-107 (end)

{55. No doubt, surely, all that is in the heavens and the earth belongs to Allah. No doubt, surely, Allah’s promise is true. But most of them know not. 

56. It is He Who gives life, and causes death, and to Him you (all) shall return. Allah is the Owner of the heavens and earth. His promise is true and is indeed going to be fulfilled. He is the One Who gives life and causes death. To Him is the return of everyone, and He is the One who has the power over that, and the One Who knows everything about every creature; its deterioration, and where every speck of it has gone, be it land, oceans or otherwise. 

57. O mankind! There has come to you good advice from your Lord, and a cure for that which is in your breasts, – a guidance and a mercy for the believers. 

58. Say: “In the bounty of Allah, and in His mercy; therein let them rejoice.” That is better than what (the wealth) they amass.

59. Say: “Have you ever considered all the means of sustenance which Allah has bestowed upon you from on high and which you thereupon divide into ‘things forbidden’ and ‘things lawful’?” Say: “Has Allah given you leave [to do this] – or do you, perchance, attribute your own guesswork to Allah?”

60. But what do they think – they who attribute their own lying inventions to Allah – [what do they think will happen to them] on the Day of Resurrection? Behold, Allah is indeed limitless in His bounty unto men – but most of them are ungrateful.}

None can make Anything Lawful or Unlawful except Allah or Those Whom Allah has allowed us to do so

Ibn Abbas, Mujahid, Ad-Dahhak, Qatadah, Abdur-Rahman bin Zayd bin Aslam and others said: “This Ayah was revealed to criticize the idolators for what they used to make lawful and unlawful. Like the Bahirah [a she-camel whose milk was spared for the idols and nobody was allowed to milk it], Sa’ibah [A she-camel let loose for the free pasture of their false gods and nothing was allowed to be carried on it] and Wasilah [a she-camel set free for idols because it has given birth to a she-camel at its first delivery and then again gives birth to a she-camel at its second delivery].” (At-Tabari 15:112-113) As Allah said: “And they assign to Allah a share of the tilth and cattle which He has created.” (6:136) Imam Ahmad recorded a narration from Malik bin Nadlah who said, “I came to Allah’s Messenger while in filthy clothes. He said,

“Do you have wealth?”

I answered, ‘Yes.’ He said, “What kind of wealth?”

I answered, ‘All kinds; camels, slaves, horses, sheep.’ So he said, “If Allah gives you wealth, then let it be seen on you.” Then he said,

“It is not that your camels are born with healthy ears, you take a knife and cut them, then say, “This is a Bahr,” tear its skin, then say, ‘This is a Sarm,” and prohibit them for yourself and your family?”

I replied, ‘Yes.’ He said,

“What Allah has given you is lawful. Allah’s Forearm is stronger than your forearm, and Allah’s knife is sharper then your knife.” (Ahmad 3:473, 4:136)

And he mentioned the Hadith in its complete form, and the chain for this Hadith is a strong, good chain.

Allah criticized those who make lawful what Allah has made unlawful or vice verse. This is because they are based on mere desires and false opinions that are not supported with evidence or proof. Allah then warned them with a promise of the Day of Resurrection. He asked: “And what think those who invent a lie against Allah, on the Day of Resurrection”

What do they think will happen to them when they return to Us on the Day of Resurrection? Ibn Jarir said that Allah’s statement: “Truly, Allah is full of bounty to mankind,” indicated that the bounty is in postponing their punishment in this world. (At-Tabari 15:113) I (Ibn Kathir) say, the meaning could be that the Grace for people is in the good benefits that He made permissible for them in this world or in their religion. He also has not prohibited them except what is harmful to them in their world and the Hereafter. “but most of them are ungrateful.” So they prohibited what Allah has bestowed upon them and made it hard and narrow upon themselves. They made some things lawful and others unlawful. The idolators committed these actions when they set laws for themselves. And so did the People of the Book when they invented innovations in their religion.

{61. Neither you do any deed nor recite any portion of the Qur’an, nor you do any deed, but We are Witness thereof when you are doing it. And nothing is hidden from your Lord (so much as) the weight of a speck of dust on the earth or in the heaven. Not what is less than that or what is greater than that but is (written) in a Clear Record.}

Everything Small or Large is within the Knowledge of Allah

Allah informed His Prophet that He knows and is well acquainted with all of the affairs and conditions of him and his Ummah and all of creation and its creatures at all times – during every hour and second. Nothing slips or escapes from His knowledge and observation, not even anything the weight of a speck of dust within the heavens or earth, or anything that is smaller or larger than that. Everything is in a manifest Book, as Allah said: “And with Him are the keys of the Ghayb (all that is hidden and unseen), none knows them but He. And He knows whatever there is in the land and in the sea; not a leaf falls, but He knows it. There is not a grain in the darkness of the earth nor anything fresh or dry, but is written in a Clear Record.” (6:59) He stated that He is Well-Aware of the movement of the trees and other inanimate objects. He is also Well-Aware of all grazing beasts. He said: “There is not a moving creature on earth, nor a bird that flies with its two wings, but are communities like you.” (6:38) He also said: “And no moving creature is there on earth but its provision is due from Allah.” (11:6)

If this is His knowledge of the movement of these things, then what about His knowledge of the movement of the creatures that are commanded to worship Him Allah said: “And put your trust in the Almighty, the Most Merciful, Who sees you when you stand up, and your movements among those who fall prostrate.” (26:217-219) That is why Allah said:“Neither you do any deed nor recite any portion of the Qur’an, nor you do any deed, but We are Witness thereof when you are doing it.” meaning, ‘We are watching and hearing you when you engage in that thing.’ When Jibril asked the Prophet about Ihsan, he said: “It is that you worship Allah as if you are seeing Him. But since you do not see Him, be certain that He is watching you.” (Muslim 1:37) 

{62. Behold! The Awliya’ of Allah, no fear shall come upon them nor shall they grieve. 

63. Those who believed, and have Taqwa. 

64. For them is good news, in the life of the present world, and in the Hereafter. No change can there be in the Words of Allah. This is indeed the supreme success.}

Identifying the Awliya of Allah 

Allah tells us that His Awliya’ (friends and allies) are those who believe and have Taqwa of Allah as He defined them. Every pious, God-fearing person is a friend of Allah, therefore, “no fear shall come upon them” from the future horrors they will face in the Hereafter. “nor shall they grieve.” over anything left behind in this world. Ibn Jarir recorded that Abu Hurayrah said that Allah’s Messenger, peace and blessings of Allah be upon him, said:

“Among the servants of Allah there will be those whom the Prophets and the martyrs will consider fortunate.”

It was said: “Who are these, O Messenger of Allah, so we may love them?” He said:

“These are people who loved one another for the sake of Allah without any other interest like money or kinship. Their faces will be light, upon platforms of light. They shall have no fear (on that Day) when fear shall come upon people. Nor shall they grieve when others grieve.” Then he recited: “Behold!! Verily, the Awliya’ (friends and allies) of Allah, no fear shall come upon them nor shall they grieve.” (At-Tabari 15:120)

The True Dream is a Form of Good News

Ibn Jarir narrated from Ubadah bin As-Samit that he [recited] to Allah’s Messenger :

“For them is good news, in the life of the present world, and in the Hereafter.” [and said,] “We know the good news of the Hereafter, it is Paradise. But what is the good news in this world?” He said:

“It is the good dream that a servant may see or it is seen about him. This dream is one part from forty-four or seventy parts of Prophethood.” (At-Tabari 15:132)

Imam Ahmad recorded that Abu Dharr said, “O Messenger of Allah! What about a man who does deeds that the people commend him for?” Allah’s Messenger said,

“That is the good news that has been expedited for the believer.” (Ahmad 5:156)

Imam Ahmad recorded that Abdullah bin Amr said that Allah’s Messenger, peace and blessings of Allah be upon him, said: “For them is good news, in the life of the present world” Then he said,

“The good dream that comes as a good news for the believer is a part of forty-nine parts of prophethood. So if anyone of you has a good dream, he should narrate it to others. But if he has a dream that he dislikes, then it is from Shaytan to make him sad. He should blow to his left three times, and say : “Allahu Akbar,” and should not mention it to anyone.” (Ahmad 5:219)

And it was also said, “The good news here is the glad tidings the angels bring to the believer at the time of death. They bring him the good news of Paradise and forgiveness.” Similarly, Allah said: “Verily, those who say: “Our Lord is Allah (alone),” and then they stand straight and firm, on them the angels will descend (at the time of their death) (saying): “Fear not, nor grieve! But receive the glad tidings of Paradise which you have been promised! We have been your friends in the life of this world and are (so) in the Hereafter. Therein you shall have (all) that your souls desire, and therein you shall have (all) for which you ask. An entertainment from (Allah), the Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful.” (41:30-32) In the Hadith narrated by Al-Bara’, the Prophet, peace and blessings of Allah be upon him, said:

“When death approaches the believer, angels with white faces and white clothes come to him and say: “O good soul! Come out to comfort and provision and a Lord who is not angry.” The soul then comes out of his mouth like a drop of water pouring out of a water skin.” (Ahmad 4:287)

Their good news in the Hereafter is as Allah said: “The greatest terror (on the Day of Resurrection) will not grieve them, and the angels will meet them, (with the greeting) “This is your Day which you were promised.” (21:103), and, “On the Day you shall see the believing men and the believing women – their light running forward before them and by their right hands. Glad tidings for you this Day! Gardens under which rivers flow (Paradise), to dwell therein forever! Truly, this is the great success!” (57:12) Allah then said: “No change can there be in the Words of Allah.” meaning, this promise doesn’t change or breach or fall short. It is decreed and firm, and going to happen undoubtedly. “This is indeed the supreme success.”

1 Response to Tafsir of Surah Yunus Ayat 55-107 (end)

  1. GHAIRONESA says:



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