Surah Al-Anbiya Ayat 91-112 (end)

{91. And she who guarded her chastity, We breathed into her through Our Ruh, and We made her and her son a sign for nations.}

Isa and Maryam the True Believer

Here Allah mentions the story of Maryam and her son Isa, just after mentioning Zakariyya and his son Yahya, may peace be upon them all. He mentions the story of Zakariyya first, followed by the story of Maryam because the one is connected to the other. The former is the story of a child being born to an old man of advanced years, from an old woman who had been barren and had never given birth when she was younger. Then Allah mentions the story of Maryam which is even more wondrous, for in this case a child was born from a female without (the involvement of) a male. These stories also appear in Surah Al Imran and in Surah Maryam. Here Allah mentions the story of Zakariyya and follows it with the story of Maryam, where He says:“And she who guarded her chastity,” means, Maryam, peace be upon her. This is like the Ayah in Surah At-Tahrim: “And Maryam, the daughter of Imran who guarded her chastity. And We breathed into it [her garment] through Our Ruh” (66:12). “and We made her and her son a sign for the nations.” means, evidence that Allah is able to do all things and that He creates whatever He wills; verily, His command, when He intends a thing, is only that He says to it, “Be” – and it is! This is like the Ayah:“And (We wish) to appoint him as a sign to mankind” (19:21)

{92. Truly, this, your Ummah is one, and I am your Lord, therefore worship Me. 

93. But they have broken up and differed in their religion among themselves. (And) they all shall return to Us. 

94. So whoever does righteous good deeds while he is a believer, his efforts will not be rejected. Verily, We record it for him (in his Book of deeds).}

Mankind is One Ummah
“Truly, this, your Ummah is one,” Ibn Abbas, Mujahid, Said bin Jubayr, Qatadah and Abdur-Rahman bin Zayd bin Aslam said, “Your religion is one religion.” (At-Tabari 18:523) Al-Hasan Al-Basri said: “In this Ayah, Allah explains to them what they should avoid and what they should do.” Then He said:“Truly, this, your Ummah is one religion,” “Meaning, your path is one path. Certainly this is your Shariah (Divine Law) which I have clearly explained you.” So Allah says:“and I am your Lord, therefore worship Me.” This is like the Ayah: “O (you) Messengers! Eat of the Tayyibat (good things) and do righteous deeds.” Until His saying, “And I am your Lord, so have Taqwa of Me.” (23:51-52) The Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings of Allah be upon him, said:

“We Prophets are brothers from different mothers and our religion is one.” (Fath Al-Bari 6:550)

What is meant here is that they all worshipped Allah Alone with no partner or associate, although the Laws of each Messenger may have differed, as Allah says:“To each among you, We have prescribed a Law and a clear way” (5:48) “But they have broken up and differed in their religion among themselves.” meaning, the nations were divided over their Messengers; some of them believed in them and some rejected them. Allah says:“(And) they all shall return to Us.” meaning, ‘On the Day of Resurrection, when We will requite each person according to his deeds. If they are good, then he will be rewarded and if they are evil then he will be punished.’ Allah says:“So whoever does righteous good deeds while he is a believer” meaning, his heart believes and his deeds are righteous.“his efforts will not be rejected.” This is like the Ayah: “certainly We shall not make the reward of anyone who does his deeds in the most perfect manner to be lost.” (18:30) which means, his efforts will not be wasted; they will be appreciated and not even a speck of dust’s weight of injustice will be done. Allah says:“Verily, We record it for him.” means, all his deeds are recorded and nothing of them at all is lost.

{95. And a ban is laid on every town which We have destroyed that they shall not return. 

96. Until, when Ya’juj and Ma’juj (Gog and Magog people) are let loose, and they swoop down from every Hadab. 

97. And the true promise shall draw near. Then, you shall see the eyes of the disbelievers fixedly staring in horror. (They will say:) “Woe to us! We were indeed heedless of this – nay, but we were wrongdoers.”}

Those who have been destroyed, will never return to this World.
“And a ban is laid on every town” Ibn Abbas said, “it is enforced”, i.e., it has been decreed that the people of each township that has been destroyed will never return to this world before the Day of Resurrection, as is reported clearly [through other narrations] from Ibn Abbas, Abu Jafar Al-Baqir, Qatadah and others. (Al-Baghawi 3:268)
Ya’juj and Ma’juj
“Until, when Ya`juj and Ma’juj are let loose,” We have already mentioned that they are from the progeny of Adam, upon him be peace; they are also descents of Nuh through his son Yafith (Japheth), who was the father of the Turks, Turk referring to the group of them who were left behind the barrier which was built by Dhul-Qarnayn. Allah says:“This is a mercy from my Lord, but when the promise of my Lord comes, He shall level it down to the ground. And the promise of my Lord is ever true. And on that Day, We shall leave them to surge like waves on one another…” (18:98-99). And in this Ayah, Allah says: “Until, when Ya`juj and Ma`juj are let loose, and they swoop down from every Hadab.” meaning, they will come forth quickly to spread corruption. A Hadab is a raised portion of land. This was the view of Ibn Abbas, Ikrimah, Abu Salih, Ath-Thawri and others. (At-Tabari 18:532) This is how their emergence is described, as if the listener can see it. “And none can inform you like Him Who is the All-Knower.” (35:14). This is information given by the One Who knows what has happened and what is yet to come, the One Who knows the unseen in the heavens and on earth. There is no god except Him.
Ibn Jarir narrated that Ubaydullah bin Abi Yazid said, “Ibn Abbas saw some young boys playing and pouncing on one another, and said, this is how Ya’juj and Ma’juj will emerge.” (At-Tabari 18:528) Their emergence has been described in numerous Hadiths of the Prophet, peace and blessings of Allah be upon him.
The First Hadith 
Imam Ahmad recorded that Abu Sa`id Al-Khudri said: “I heard the Messenger of Allah say:

“Ya’juj and Ma’juj will be let loose and will emerge upon mankind, as Allah says: “and they swoop down from every Hadab.” They will overwhelm the people, and the Muslims will retreat to their cities and strongholds, bringing their flocks with them. They [Ya’juj and Ma’juj] will drink all the water of the land until some of them will pass a river and drink it dry, then those who come after them will pass by that place and will say, “There used to be water here once.” Then there will be no one left except those who are in their strongholds and cities. Then one of them will say, “We have defeated the people of the earth; now the people of heaven are left.” One of them will shake his spear and hurl it into the sky, and it will come back stained with blood, as a test and a trial for them. While this is happening, Allah will send a worm in their necks, like the worm that is found in date-stones or in the nostrils of sheep, and they will die and their clamor will cease. Then the Muslims will say, “Who will volunteer to find out what the enemy is doing” One of them will step forward and volunteer, knowing that he will likely be killed. He will go down and will find them dead, lying on top of one another. Then he will call out, “O Muslims! Rejoice that Allah has sufficed you against your enemy!” Then they will come out of their cities and strongholds, and will let their flocks out to graze, but they will have nothing to graze upon except the flesh of these people (Ya’juj and Ma’juj), but it will fill them better than any vegetation they have ever eaten before.” (Ahmad 3:77) It was also recorded by Ibn Majah. (Ibn Majah 2:1363)

The Second Hadith 

Imam Ahmad also recorded from An-Nawwas bin Saman Al-Kilabi that the Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings of Allah be upon him, mentioned the Dajjal one morning. “Sometimes he described him as insignificant and sometimes he described him as so significant that we felt as if he were in the cluster of palm trees. He said:

“There are other things that I fear for you more than the Dajjal. If he emerges while I am among you, I will deal with him for you. If he emerges when I am not among you, then each man will have to deal with him for himself, and Allah will take care of each Muslim on my behalf. He (the Dajjal) will be a young man with short, curly hair and a floating eye. He will emerge in a place between Syria and Iraq and will spread mischief right and left. O servants of Allah, be steadfast!”

We said, ‘O Messenger of Allah, how long will he remain on earth?’ He said,

“Forty days: one day like a year, one day like a month, one day like a week, and the rest of the days like your days.” 

We said, ‘O Messenger of Allah, on that day which will be like a year, will the prayers of one day and one night be sufficient’ He said,“No, but you will have to compute it according to its due proportion (and pray accordingly).” We said, ‘O Messenger of Allah, how fast will he move across the land’ He said, “Like a cloud driven by the wind.” He said,

“He will come to a people and call them [to his way] and they will respond to him. He will issue a command to the sky and it will rain, and to the earth and it will bring forth vegetation, then their livestock will come to them in the evening with their humps very high and their udders full of milk and their flanks wide and fat. Then he will come to another people and call them [to his way] and they will refuse, and their wealth will leave with him, and they will be faced with drought, with none of their wealth left. Then he will walk through the wasteland and will say to it, “Bring forth your treasure,” and its treasure will come forth like a swarm of bees. Then he will issue commands that a man be killed, and he will strike him with a sword and cut him into two pieces, and (put these pieces as far apart) as the distance between an archer and his target. Then he will call him, and the man will come to him with his face shining. At that point Allah will send the Messiah Isa bin Maryam, who will come down to the white minaret in the eastern side of Damascus, wearing two garments lightly dyed with saffron and with his hands resting on the wings of two angels. He will search for him (the Dajjal) until he catches up with him at the eastern gate of Ludd, where he will kill him. Then Allah will reveal to Isa ibn Maryam the words: “I have brought forth from amongst My creatures people against whom none will be able to fight. Take My servants safely to the Mount (Tur).” Then Allah will send Ya’juj and Ma’juj, as Allah says: “and they swoop down from every Hadab.”

“Isa and his companions will beseech Allah, and Allah will send against them insects which will attack their necks, and in the morning they will all perish as one. Then Isa and his companions will come down and they will not find a single spot on earth that is free from their putrefaction and stench. Then Isa and his companions will again beseech Allah, and He will send birds with necks like those of Bactrian camels, and they will carry them and throw them wherever Allah wills.”

Ibn Jabir said: “Ata’ bin Yazid As-Saksaki told me, from Kab or someone else: ‘They will throw them into Al-Mahbal.’ Ibn Jabir said: “I said, ‘O Abu Yazid, and where is Al-Mahbal?” He said, “In the east (where the sun rises).” He said: “Then Allah will send rain which no house of clay or (tent of) camel’s hair will be able to keep out, for forty days, and the earth will be washed until it looks like a mirror. Then it will be said to the earth: bring forth your fruit and restore your blessing. On that day a group of people will be able to eat from one pomegranate and seek shade under its skin, and everything will be blessed. A milch-camel will give so much milk that it will be sufficient for a whole group of people, and a milch-cow will give so much milk that it will be sufficient for a whole clan, and a sheep will be sufficient for an entire household. At that time Allah will send a pleasant wind which will reach beneath their armpits and will take the soul of every Muslim – or every believer – and there will be left only the most evil of people who will commit fornication like mules, and then the Hour will come upon them.” (Ahmad 5:181)

This was also recorded by Muslim (Muslim 4:2250) but not by Al-Bukhari. It was also recorded by the Sunan compilers, with different chains of narrators. At-Tirmidhi said, “It is Hasan Sahih.” (Abu Dawud 4:496)

The Third Hadith 

Imam Ahmad recorded from Ibn Harmalah, from his maternal aunt who said: “The Messenger of Allah gave a Khutbah, and he had a bandage on his finger where he had been stung by a scorpion. He said:

“You say that you have no enemy, but you will keep fighting your enemies until Ya’juj and Ma’juj come, with their wide faces, small eyes and reddish hair, pouring down from every mound with their faces looking like burnished shields.” (Ahmad 5:271) [Although there is a deficiency in the chain it may be supported by other narrations]

Ibn Abi Hatim recorded a Hadith of Muhammad bin Amr from Khalid bin Abdullah bin Harmalah Al-Mudlaji, from his paternal aunt, from the Prophet, peace and blessings of Allah be upon him, and he mentioned something similar. (Ibn Abi Hatim 8:2468)

It was confimred by Hadiths that Isa bin Maryam will perform Hajj to the Al-Bayt Al-Atiq (i.e., the Kabah). Imam Ahmad recorded that Abu Said said: “The Messenger of Allah said:

“He will certainly come to this House and perform Hajj and Umrah, after the emergence of Ya’juj and Ma’juj.” 

This was recorded by Al-Bukhari. (Ahmad 3:27) “And the true promise (Day of Resurrection) shall draw near.” the Day of Resurrection, when these terrors and earthquakes and this chaos will come to pass. The Hour has drawn nigh and when it comes to pass, the disbelievers will say: “This is a difficult Day.” Allah says: “Then, you shall see the eyes of the disbelievers fixedly staring in horror.” because of the horror of the tremendous events that they are witnessing. “Woe to us!” means, they will say, ‘Woe to us!’“We were indeed heedless of this” means, in the world.“nay, but we were wrongdoers.” they will admit their wrong- doing at the time when that will not help them at all.

{98. Certainly you and that which you are worshipping now besides Allah, are (but) fuel (Hasab) for Hell! (Surely) you will enter it. 

99. Had these been gods, they would not have entered there (Hell), and all of them will abide therein forever. 

100. Therein they will be breathing out with deep sighs and roaring and therein they will hear not. 

101. Verily, those for whom the good has preceded from Us, they will be removed far therefrom (Hell). 

102. They shall not hear the slightest sound of it (Hell), while they abide in that which their own selves desire. 

103. The greatest terror will not grieve them, and the angels will meet them, (with the greeting) “This is your Day which you were promised.”}

The Idolators and their gods are Fuel for Hell

Allah says to the people of Makkah, the idolators of the Quraysh and those who followed their religion of idol worship: “Certainly you and that which you are worshipping now besides Allah, are (but) Hasab for Hell!”. Ibn Abbas said: “Kindling.” (Al-Qurtubi 11:343) This is like the Ayah:“whose fuel is men and stones” (66:6). According to another report, Ibn Abbas said:“Hasab for Hell” means firewood in (the dialect of the people of) Zanjiyyah. Mujahid, Ikrimah and Qatadah said: “Its fuel.” Ad-Dahhak said: “The fuel of Hell means that which is thrown into it.” (At-Tabari 18:536) This was also the view of others. (At-Tabari 18:536)

“(Surely) you will enter it.” means, you will go into it.“Had these been gods, they would not have entered there” means, if these idols and false gods which you worshipped instead of Allah, had really been gods, they would not have entered the Hellfire.“and all of them will abide therein forever.” means, the worshippers and the objects of their worship will all abide therein forever. “Therein they will be breathing out with deep sighs and roaring” This is like the Ayah:“they will have (in the Fire), Zafir and Shahiq” (11:106). Zafir refers to their exhalation, and Shahiq refers to their inhalation.“and therein they will hear not.”

The State of the Blessed
“Verily, those for whom the good has preceded from Us,” Ikrimah said, “Mercy.” Others said it means being blessed. “they will be removed far therefrom.” (At-Tabari 18:451) When Allah mentions the people of Hell and their punishment for their associating others in worship with Allah, He follows that with a description of the blessed who believed in Allah and His Messengers. These are the ones for whom the blessing has preceded from Allah, and they did righteous deeds in the world, as Allah says:“For those who have done good is the best reward and even more” (10:26) “Is there any reward for good other than good?” (55:60) Just as they did good in this world, Allah will make their final destiny and their reward good; He will save them from punishment and give them a great reward. “they will be removed far therefrom. They shall not hear the slightest sound of it,” means, they will not feel its heat in their bodies.“while they abide in that which their own selves desire.” means, they will be safe from that which they fear, and they will have all that they love and desire. It was said that this was revealed to point out an exception in the case of those who are worshipped instead of Allah, and to exclude Uzayr and the Messiah from their number. Hajjaj bin Muhammad Al-Awar reported from Ibn Jurayj, and Uthman bin Ata’ reported from Ibn Abbas: “Certainly you (disbelievers) and that which you are worshipping now besides Allah, are (but) Hasab for Hell! (Surely) you will enter it.” Then He made an exception and said:“Verily, those for whom the good has preceded from Us.” It was said that this referred to the angels and Isa, and others who are worshipped instead of Allah. This was the view of Ikrimah, Al-Hasan and Ibn Jurayj. Muhammad bin Ishaq bin Yasar said in his book of Sirah: “According to what I have heard, the Messenger of Allah sat down one day with Al-Walid bin Al-Mughirah in the Masjid, and An-Nadr bin Al-Harith came and sat down with them. There were also other men of Quraysh in the Masjid. The Messenger of Allah spoke, then An-Nadr bin Al-Harith came up to him and the Messenger of Allah spoke to him until he defeated him in argument. Then he recited to him and to them,“Certainly you and that which you are worshipping now besides Allah, are (but) Hasab for Hell! (Surely) you will enter it.” Until His Statement,“and therein they will hear not.” Then the Messenger of Allah got up and went to sit with Abdullah bin Al-Zabari As-Sahmi. Al-Walid bin Al-Mughirah said to Abdullah bin Al-Zab`ari, “By Allah, An-Nadr bin Al-Harith could not match the son of Abd Al-Muttalib in argument. Muhammad claims that we and these gods that we worship are fuel for Hell.” Abdullah bin Az-Zabari said: “By Allah, if I meet with him I will defeat him in argument. Ask Muhammad whether everyone that is worshipped instead of Allah will be in Hell with those who worshipped him, for we worship the angels, and the Jews worship Uzayr, and the Christians worship Al-Masih, Isa bin Maryam.” Al-Walid and those who were sitting with him were amazed at what Abdullah bin Az-Zabari said, and they thought that he had come up with a good point. He said this to the Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings of Allah be upon him, who said:

“Everyone who likes to be worshipped instead of Allah will be with the ones who worshipped him, for indeed they are worshipping the Shaytan and whoever told them to worship him.” 

Then Allah revealed the words:“Verily, those for whom the good has preceded from Us, they will be removed far therefrom (Hell). They shall not hear the slightest sound of it (Hell), while they abide in that which their own selves desire.” It was revealed about the mention of Isa, Uzayr and rabbis and monks who were also worshipped, who had spent their lives in devotion towards Allah, but the misguided people who came after them took them as lords instead of Allah. Concerning the notion of worshipping the angels as daughters of Allah, the following words were revealed:“And they say: “The Most Gracious has begotten children. ” Glory to Him! They are but honored slaves”. Until His saying, “And if any of them should say: “Verily, I am a god besides Him,” such a one We should recompense with Hell. Thus We recompense the wrongdoers.” (21:26-29). Concerning Isa bin Maryam, the fact that he is worshipped alongside Allah, and the amazement of Al-Walid and the others who were present at the argument [of Abdullah bin Az-Zabari], the following words were revealed:“And when the son of Maryam is quoted as an example, behold, your people cry aloud (laugh out at the example). And say: “Are our gods better or is he” They quoted not the above example except for argument. Nay! But they are a quarrelsome people. He was not more than a slave. We granted Our favor to him, and We made him an example for the Children of Israel. And if it were Our will, We would have made angels to replace you on the earth. And he shall be a known sign for the Hour. Therefore have no doubt concerning it.” (43:57-61) meaning, the miracles and signs that happened at his hands, such as raising the dead and healing the sick, are sufficient as signs of the approach of the Hour,“Therefore have no doubt concerning it. And follow Me (Allah)! This is the straight path” (43:63) (Ibn Hisham 1:384) What Ibn Az-Zabari said was a serious mistake, because the Ayah was addressed to the people of Makkah concerning their worship of idols which were inanimate and could not think. It was a rebuke for their worship of them, so Allah said:“Certainly you (disbelievers) and that which you are worshipping now besides Allah, are (but) Hasab for Hell!” How could this be applied to Al-Masih, Uzayr and others who did righteous deeds and did not accept the worship of those who worshipped them “The greatest terror will not grieve them,” It was said that this means death, as was narrated by Abdur-Razzaq from Yahya bin Rabiah from Ata. Or it was said that the greatest terror refers to the blast of the Trumpet, as Al-Awfi said narrating from Ibn Abbas (At-Tabari 18:542) and Abu Sinan, Said bin Sinan Ash-Shaybani. This was the view favored by Ibn Jarir in his Tafsir. “and the angels will meet them, (with the greeting) “This is your Day which you were promised”. meaning, the angels will greet them on the Day of Resurrection when they emerge from their graves with the words: “This is your Day which you were promised.” meaning, hope for the best.

{104. And (remember) the Day when We shall roll up the heaven like a Sijill for books. As We began the first creation, We shall repeat it. (It is) a promise binding upon Us. Truly, We shall do it.}

The Heavens will be rolled up on the Day of Resurrection

Allah says: this will happen on the Day of Resurrection: “And (remember) the Day when We shall roll up the heaven like a Sijill for books.” This is like the Ayah: “They made not a just estimate of Allah such as is due to Him. And on the Day of Resurrection the whole of the earth will be grasped by His Hand and the heavens will be rolled up in His Right Hand. Glorified be He, and High be He above all that they associate as partners with Him!” (39:67) Al-Bukhari recorded that Nafi reported from Ibn Umar that the Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings of Allah be upon him, said:

“On the Day of Resurrection, Allah will seize the earth and the heavens will be in His Right Hand.” 

This was recorded by Al-Bukhari, may Allah have mercy on him. (Fath Al-Bari 13:404) “like a Sijill rolled up for books.” What is meant by Sijill is book. As-Suddi said concerning this Ayah: “As-Sijill is an angel who is entrusted with the records; when a person dies, his Book (of deeds) is taken up to As-Sijill, and he rolls it up and puts it away until the Day of Resurrection.” But the correct view as narrated from Ibn Abbas is that As-Sijill refers to the record (of deeds). (At-Tabari 18:543) This was also reported from him by Ali bin Abi Talhah and Al-Awfi. (At-Tabari 18:543) This was also stated by Mujahid, Qatadah and others. (At-Tabari 18:543) This was the view favored by Ibn Jarir, because this usage is well-known in the (Arabic) language. Based on the above, the meaning is: the Day when the heaven will be rolled up like a scroll. This is like the Ayah: “Then, when they had both submitted themselves (to the will of Allah), and he had laid him prostrate on his forehead.” (37:103) There are many more linguistic examples in this respect. Allah knows best.

“As We began the first creation, We shall repeat it. (It is) a promise binding upon Us. Truly, We shall do it.” means, this will inevitably come to pass on the Day when Allah creates His creation anew. As He created them in the first place, He is surely able to re-create them. This must inevitably come to pass because it is one of the things that Allah has promised, and He does not break His promise. He is able to do that. Because He says: “Truly, We shall do it.” (Ahmad 1:235) Imam Ahmad recorded that Ibn Abbas said: “The Messenger of Allah stood among us exhorting us, and said: “You will be gathered before Allah barefoot, naked and uncircumcised. As We began the first creation, We shall repeat it. (It is) a promise binding upon Us. Truly, We shall do it.” And he mentioned the entire Hadith. It was also recorded in the Two Sahihs, and Al-Bukhari mentioned it in his Tafsir of this Ayah. (Fath Al-Bari 8:929)

{105. And indeed We have written in Az-Zabur after Adh-Dhikr that My righteous servants shall inherit the land. 

106. Verily, in this there is a plain Message for people who worship Allah. 

107. And We have sent you (O Muhammad) not but as a mercy for the Alamin.}

The Earth will be inherited by the Righteous

Allah tells us of His decree for His righteous servants who are the blessed in this world and in the Hereafter, those who will inherit the earth in this world and in the Hereafter. As Allah says: “Verily, the earth is Allah’s. He gives it as a heritage to whom He wills of His servants; and the (blessed) end is for those who have Taqwa.” (7:128) “Verily, We will indeed make victorious Our Messengers and those who believe in this world’s life and on the Day when the witnesses will stand forth.” (40:51) “Allah has promised those among you who believe and do righteous good deeds, that He will certainly grant them succession in the land, as He granted it to those before them, and that He will grant them the authority to practise their religion which He has chosen for them” (24:55). Allah tells us that this is recorded in the Books of Divine Laws and Decrees, and that it will inevitably come to pass. Allah says: “And indeed We have written in Az-Zabur after Adh-Dhikr” Al-Amash said: “I asked Said bin Jubayr about the Ayah: “And indeed We have written in Az-Zabur after Adh-Dhikr”. He said: Az-Zabur means the Tawrah, the Injil and the Qur’an.” (At-Tabari 18:547) Mujahid said, “Az-Zabur means the Book.” (At-Tabari 18:547)Ibn Abbas, Ash-Sha`bi, Al-Hasan, Qatadah and others said, “Az-Zabur is that which was revealed to Dawud, and Adh-Dhikr is the Tawrah.” Mujahid said: “Az-Zabur means the Books which came after Adh-Dhikr, and Adh-Dhikr is the Mother of the Book (Umm Al-Kitab) which is with Allah.” (At-Tabari 18:547) This was also the view of Zayd bin Aslam: “It is the First Book.” Ath-Thawri said: “It is Al-Lawh Al-Mahfuz.” “that My righteous servants shall inherit the land.” Mujahid said, narrating from Ibn Abbas, “This means, the land of Paradise.” (At-Tabari 18:549) This was also the view of Abu Aliyah, Mujahid, Sa`id bin Jubayr, Ash-Shabi, Qatadah, As-Suddi, Abu Salih, Ar-Rabi bin Anas and Ath-Thawri (may Allah have mercy on them).  (At-Tabari 18:549) “Verily, in this (the Qur’an) there is a plain Message for people who worship Allah.” means, ‘in this Qur’an which We have revealed to Our servant Muhammad , there is a plain Message which is beneficial and is sufficient for a people who worship Allah.’ This refers to those who worship Allah in the manner which He has prescribed and which He loves and is pleased with, and they would rather obey Allah than follow the Shaytan or their own desires.

Muhammad is a Mercy to the Worlds
“And We have sent you not but as a mercy for the Alamin.” Here Allah tells us that He has made Muhammad a mercy to the Alamin, i.e., He sent him as a mercy for all of them ﴿peoples﴾, so whoever accepts this mercy and gives thanks for this blessing, will be happy in this world and in the Hereafter. But whoever rejects it and denies it, will lose out in this world and in the Hereafter, as Allah says: “Have you not seen those who have changed the blessings of Allah into disbelief, and caused their people to dwell in the house of destruction Hell, in which they will burn, – and what an evil place to settle in!” (14:28-29) And Allah says, describing the Qur’an: “Say: “It is for those who believe, a guide and a healing. And as for those who disbelieve, there is heaviness in their ears, and it is blindness for them. They are those who are called from a place far away.” (41:44) Muslim reports in his Sahih: Ibn Abi Umar told us, Marwan Al-Fazari told us, from Yazid bin Kisan, from Ibn Abi Hazim that Abu Hurayrah said that it was said, “O Messenger of Allah, pray against the idolators.” He said: “I was not sent as a curse, rather I was sent as a mercy.” This was recorded by Muslim. (Muslim 4:2006)
Imam Ahmad recorded that Amr bin Abi Qurrah Al-Kindi said: “Hudhayfah was in Al-Mada’in and he was mentioning things that the Messenger of Allah had said. Hudhayfah came to Salman and Salman said: ‘O Hudhayfah, the Messenger of Allah would sometimes be angry and would speak accordingly, and would sometimes be pleased and would speak accordingly. I know that the Messenger of Allah addressed us and said: “Any man of my Ummah whom I have insulted or cursed when I was angry – for I am a man from among the sons of Adam, and I get angry just as you do. But Allah has sent me as a Mercy to the Worlds, so I will make that [my anger] into blessings for him on the Day of Resurrection.” (Ahmad 5:347) This was also recorded by Abu Dawud from Ahmad bin Yunus from Za’idah. (Abu Dawud 5:45) It may be asked: what kind of mercy do those who disbelieve in him get The answer is what Abu Jafar bin Jarir recorded from Ibn Abbas concerning the Ayah: “And We have sent you not but as a mercy for the Alamin.” He said, “Whoever believes in Allah and the Last Day, mercy will be decreed for him in this world and in the Hereafter; whoever does not believe in Allah and His Messenger, will be protected from that which happened to the nations of earthquakes and stoning.” (At-Tabari 18:552)

{108. Say: “It is revealed to me that your God is only one God. Will you then be Muslims?” 

109. But if they turn away say: “I give you a notice to be known to us all alike. And I know not whether that which you are promised is near or far.” 

110. “Verily, He knows that which is spoken aloud and He knows that which you conceal.” 

111. “And I know not, perhaps it may be a trial for you, and an enjoyment for a while.” 

112. He said:”My Lord! Judge You in truth! Our Lord is the Most Gracious, Whose help is to be sought against that which you attribute!”}

The Main Objective of Revelation is that Allah be worshipped

Allah commands His Messenger to say to the idoators: “It is revealed to me that your God is only one God. Will you then be Muslims” meaning, will you then follow that and submit to it “But if they turn away” means, if they ignore that to which you call them.“Say: “I give you a notice to be known to us all alike…” meaning, ‘I declare that I am in a state of war with you as you are in a state of war with me. I have nothing to do with you just as you have nothing to do with me.’ This is like the Ayah:“And if they belie you, say: “For me are my deeds and for you are your deeds! You are innocent of what I do, and I am innocent of what you do!” (10:41) “If you fear treachery from any people, throw back (their covenant) to them (so as to be) on equal terms (that there will be no more covenant between you and them” (8:58) which means: so that both you and they will know that the treaty is null and void. Similarly, Allah says here: “But if they turn away say: “I give you a notice to be known to us all alike…” meaning, `I have already informed you that I have nothing to do with you and you have nothing to do with me.’

No one knows when the Hour will come
“And I know not whether that which you are promised (i.e., the Day of Resurrection) is near or far.” meaning: ‘it will inevitably come to pass, but I have no knowledge of whether it is near or far.’ “Verily, He (Allah) knows that which is spoken aloud (openly) and He knows that which you conceal.” Allah knows the Unseen in its entirety; He knows what His creatures do openly and what they do secretly. He knows what is visible and what is concealed; He knows what is secret and hidden. He knows what His creatures do openly and in secret, and He will requite them for that, for both minor and major actions. “And I know not, perhaps it may be a trial for you, and an enjoyment for a while.” meaning, ‘I do not know, perhaps it is a trial for you, and an enjoyment for a while.’ Ibn Jarir said: ‘perhaps that is being delayed for you as a test for you, and enjoyment for an allotted time.’ (At-Tabari 18:554) This was narrated by Awn from Ibn Abbas. And Allah knows best.

“He said: “My Lord! Judge You in truth!” means, judge between us and our people who disbelieve in the truth. Qatadah said: “The Prophets (peace be upon them) used to say:

“Our Lord! Judge between us and our people in truth, for You are the Best of those who give judgment.” (7:89), and the Messenger of Allah was commanded to say this too.” (Al-Qurtubi 11:351)

It was reported from Malik from Zayd bin Aslam that when the Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings of Allah be upon him, witnessed any fighting, he would say:

“My Lord! Judge You in truth!” “Our Lord is the Most Gracious, Whose help is to be sought against that which you attribute!” means, ‘against the various lies and fabrications that you utter, some of which are worse than others; Allah is the One Whose Help we seek against that.’ This is the end of the Tafsir of Surat Al-Anbiya. To Allah be praise and blessings.

Tafsir Ibn Kathir (Abridged) Vol 6 Pages 487-515