Surah Al-Anbiya Ayat 34-67

{34. And We granted not to any human being immortality before you; then if you die, would they live forever 

35. Everyone is going to taste death, and We shall test you with evil and with good by way of trial. And to Us you will be returned.}

No One has been granted Immortality in this World
“And We granted not to any human being immortality before you” means, O Muhammad. “immortality” means, in this world. On the contrary, “Whatsoever is on it (the earth) will perish. And the Face of your Lord full of majesty and honor will remain forever.” (55:26-27). “then if you die” means, O Muhammad, “would they live forever” means, they hope that they will live forever after you, but that will not happen; everything will pass away. So Allah says: “Everyone is going to taste death,” “and We shall test you with evil and with good by way of trial.” Meaning, “We shall test you, sometimes with difficulties and sometimes with ease, to see who will give thanks and who will be ungrateful, who will have patience and who will despair.” Ali bin Abi Talhah reported from Ibn Abbas: “and We shall test you” means, We will test you, “with evil and with good by way of trial.” means, with difficulties and with times of prosperity, with health and sickness, with richness and poverty, with lawful and unlawful, obedience and sin, with guidance and misguidance.“And to Us you will be returned.” means, and We will requite you according to your deeds. (At-Tabari 18:440)

{36. And when those who disbelieved see you, they take you not except for mockery (saying): “Is this the one who talks about your gods?” While they disbelieve at the mention of the Most Gracious. 

37. Man is created of haste. I will show you My Ayat. So ask Me not to hasten (them).}

 

How the Idolators mocked the Prophet 
Allah tells His Prophet …“And when those who disbelieved see you” meaning, the disbelievers of the Quraysh, such as Abu Jahl and his like.“they take you not except for mockery” means, they make fun of you and insult you, saying, “Is this the one who talks about your gods?” meaning, is this the one who insults your gods and ridicules your intelligence Allah says:“While they disbelieve at the mention of the Most Gracious.” meaning, they disbelieve in Allah and yet they mock the Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings of Allah be upon him. As Allah says:“And when they see you, they treat you only in mockery (saying): “Is this the one whom Allah has sent as a Messenger He would have nearly misled us from our gods, had it not been that we were patient and constant in their worship!” And they will know, when they see the torment, who it is that is most astray from the path!” (25:41-42) “Man is created of haste.” This is like the Ayah:“and man is ever hasty” (17:11), in all matters. The reason why the haste of man is mentioned here is that when mention is made of those who mock the Messenger, peace and blessings of Allah be upon him, (the believers) will want to avenge them swiftly, and that so should happen sooner. Allah says,“Man is created of haste.” because He delays (the punishment) until a time when, once He seizes him, He will never let him go. He delays it, then He hastens it; He waits, then He does not delay any longer. So He says:“I will show you My Ayat” meaning, My vengeance, ruling and power over those who disobey Me.“So ask Me not to hasten (them).”