What Surahs and ayat are included in the Twenty-seventh Juz’?
The twenty-seventh juz’ of the Qur’an contains Surah Adh-Dhariyat (The Winds that Scatter) from ayah 31 till its end, Surah At-Tur (The Mount) Surah An-Najm (The Star), Surah Al-Qamar (The Moon), Surah Ar-Rahman (The Most Gracious), Surah Al-Waqiah (The Event) and Surah Al-Hadid (Iron) in their entirety.
When were the ayat of this juz’ revealed?
Surah At-Tur, Surah An-Najm, Surah Al-Qamar, Surah Ar-Rahman and Surah Al-Waqiah were revealed in Makkah. Surah Al-Hadid was revealed in Madinah.
From the Virtues of these Surahs
Al-Bukhari recorded that Umm Salamah said, “I complained of being ill to the Messenger of Allah , and he said: “Perform Tawaf (of the Ka`bah) behind the crowd, while you are riding”. So, I performed Tawaf while the Messenger of Allah was praying beside the House, reciting At-Tur.” (Fath Al-Bari 8:468)
Imam Ahmad recorded that Umar bin Al-Khattab asked Abu Waqid Al-Laythi, “What did the Prophet recite during the Id Prayer?” Abu Waqid said, “Surah Qaf and Surat Iqtarabat (i.e. Surat Al-Qamar).” (Recorded in Muslim)
At-Tirmidhi recorded that Jabir said, “The Messenger of Allah went to his Companions and recited Surat Ar-Rahman from beginning to end for them, but they did not say anything. The Prophet said: “I recited it to the Jinns, on the night of the Jinns and their response was better than yours! Whenever I recited Allah’s statement: ‘Then which of the blessings of your Lord will you both deny’. They said, “None of Your favors do we deny, our Lord! All praise is due to you.”
Abu Ishaq reported from Ikrimah from Ibn Abbas that Abu Bakr said, “O Allah’s Messenger! You are becoming grey” The Messenger replied: “Hud (chapter 11), Al-Waqi`ah (56), Al-Mursalat (77), Amma Yatasa’alun (78) and Idha Ash-Shamsu Kuwwirat (81) have made me grey.” (Recorded in At-Tirmidhi)
“And I (Allah) created not the jinn and mankind except that they should worship Me (Alone).” (Surah Adh-Dhariyat 53:56)
“On that Day when the heaven will shake with a dreadful shaking. And the mountains will move away with a (horrible) movement. Then woe that day to the deniers.” (Surah At-Tur 52:9-11)
“The (Prophet’s) heart lied not about what he saw. Will you then dispute with him (Muhammad) about what he saw [during the Miraj]. And indeed he (Muhammad) saw him [Angel Jibril] at a second descent, Near Sidrat-ul-Muntaha. Near it is the Paradise of Abode. When that covered that lote tree which did cover it! The sight (of Prophet Muhammad) turned not aside, nor did it transgress beyond the limit. Indeed he (Muhammad) did see of the Greatest Signs of his Lord.” (Surah An-Najm 53:11-18)
“They will come forth, with humbled eyes from (their) graves as if they were locusts spread abroad, hastening towards the caller. The disbelievers will say: ‘This is a hard Day’.” (Surah Al-Qamar 54:7-8)
“And We have indeed made the Qur’an easy to understand and remember; then is there anyone who will remember (or receive admonition)?” (Surah Al-Qamar 54 repeated 6 times)
“Then which of the Blessings of your Lord will you deny?” (Surah Ar-Rahman 55 repeated 31 times)
“Then tell Me about the seed that sow in the ground. Is it you that make it grown, or are We the Grower?” (Surah Al-Waqiah 56:64)
“Whatsoever is in the heavens and the earth glorifies Allah – and He is the All-Mighty, All-Wise. His is the kingdom of the heavens and the earth. It is He Who gives life and causes death; and He is Able to do all things. He is the First (nothing is before Him) and the Last (Nothing is after Him), the Most High (nothing is above Him) and the Most Near (nothing is nearer to Him). And He is the All-Knower of every thing.” (Surah Al-Hadid 57:1-3)
“Who is he that will lend Allah a goodly loan, then (Allah) will increase it manifold to his credit (in repaying), and he will have (besides) a good reward (i.e. Paradise).” (Surah Al-Hadid 57:11)
“Know that the life of this world is only play and amusement, pomp and mutual boasting among you, and rivalry in respect of wealth and children. (It is) as the likeness of vegetation after rain, thereof the growth is pleasing to the tiller; afterwards it dries up and you see it turning yellow; then it becomes straw. But in the Hereafter (there is) severe torment (for the disbelievers), and (there is) forgiveness from Allah and (His) Good Pleasure (for the believers). And the life of this world is only a deceiving enjoyment.” (Surah Al-Hadid 57:20)
What are the main themes of this juz’?
Surah Adh-Dhariyat continues in this juz’ with story of the angels visit to the Prophet Ibrahim, peace be upon him, bringing news of the destruction of the people of Lut (Lot) with stones of baked clay. The Prophets Musa (Moses) and Nuh (Noah), peace be upon them, are mentioned and the people of ‘Ad and Thamud, and how the people turned away from the Revelation.
Surah At-Tur deals with the subject of the Hereafter, and Allah’s Signs including His previous Revelations. Allah testifies by the Mount, and the Book Inscribed in parchment unrolled, and by Bait Al-Ma’mur, the house over the heavens above the Kabbah, continuously visited by angels, and by the heaven and the sea, that the torment of your Lord will surely come to pass and there is none than can avert it (52:1-8). Paradise is described with its Gardens, servants, and provisions. In it the believers will remember when they used to fear the punishment of Allah. The attitude of the disbelievers to the Revelation is criticised though questioning of their assumptions and abilities. Did they create the creatures of the heaven and the earth? Do they know what is in the Unseen?
Surah An-Najm was the first Surah with a sajdah or prostration to be revealed in it. It has its theme the subject the Truth of Revelation. The ascent of the Prophet, peace be upon him, during the Miraj is confirmed and how he saw the Angel Jibril near Sidrat-ul-Muntaha, the lote tree of the utmost boundary over the seventh heaven beyond which no one can pass. We are also told that he saw the ‘Greatest Signs of his Lord’ (53:18) and the disbelievers are advised not to dispute with him, peace be upon him, about what he saw. It is Allah who gives life and death, and makes us laugh and weep, and creates us in pairs. These are from the Graces of your Lord, will you then doubt?
Surah Al-Qamar mentions the incident of the shaqq-al-Qamar (splitting of the moon) which took place in Mina, Makkah, about five years before the migration. The people asked for a miracle and it was shown to them, but still they doubted. The people of Nuh (Noah), peace be upon him, also doubted, and they were overcome by the flood (54:9-15). The people of Lut (Lot) denied and were destroyed by a violent storm of stones (54:34-36) All these are given as reminders to the Quraish of the terrible end for disbelievers. “And We have indeed made the Qur’an easy to understand and remember; then is there anyone who will remember (or receive admonition)?” is repeated six times, throughout the Surah.
Surah Ar-Rahman deals with the subject matter of the Blessings of Allah upon us, Revelation and the Hereafter. We are enjoined to look at Allah’s Signs in the sun and the moon, the creatures of the earth, the vegetation and the treasures of the sea, amongst others. It is the only Surah in the Qur’an in which the jinn are addressed directly, indicating that the Message of the is not for human beings alone. It contains the question, ‘Then which of the Blessings of your Lord will you deny?’ 31 times throughout 78 ayat.
Surah Al-Waqiah confirms the certainty of the Day of Judgement and the Truth of Revelation. Paradise is described in detail with its thrones woven with gold and precious stones, drinks of non-intoxicating wine, flesh of fowls that they desire, water flowing constantly and fruit in plenty (56:15-32). Hell is also described with its fierce hot wind, boiling water and shadow of black smoke (56:42-44). The disbelievers are asked, is it them who causes the seed to grow, or the rain to fall, or the fire to kindle, or is it Allah?
Surah Al-Hadid opens by glorifying Allah and then exhorts the Muslims to spend in His Cause. Those who spend in the way of Allah are promised a greater reward for their ‘goodly loan’, namely Paradise (57:11). This Surah was revealed at a time when the Madinah was surrounded by disbelievers and the Muslims were engaged in a life and death struggle for the cause of Islam. We are reminded that the life of this world is put play and amusement and with Allah lies the highest reward.