What Surahs and ayat are included in the Twenty-second Juz’?
The twenty-second juz’ of the Qur’an contains Surah Al-Ahzab (The Confederates) from ayah 31 until 73, Surah Saba’ (Sheba) and Surah Fatir (The Originator of the Creation) in their entirety and Surah Ya-Sin up to ayah 27.
When were the ayat of this juz’ revealed?
Surah Al Ahzab was revealed in Madinah in the the year 5 A.H. Surah Saba’, Surah Fatir and Surah Ya-Sin are also Makkan Surahs.
From the Virtues of Surah Ya-Sin
Ibn Habban recorded in his Sahih that Jundub bin ‘Abdullah, may Allah be pleased with him, said, “The Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings of Allah be upon him, said: ‘Whoever recites Ya-Sin in the night seeking the Face of Allah will be forgiven.” (Recorded in Ibn Habban 4:121)
“It is not for a believer, man or woman, when Allah and His Messenger have decreed a matter that they should have any opinion in their decision. And whoever disobeys Allah and His Messenger, he has indeed strayed into plain error.” (Surah Al-Ahzab 33:36)
“O Prophet! Tell your wives and your daughters and the women of the believers to draw their cloaks (veils) all over their bodies. That will be better that they should be known (as free respectable women) so as not to be annoyed. And Allah is Ever Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful.“ (Surah Al-Ahzab 33:59)
“Say: ‘Our Lord will assemble us all together (on the Day of Resurrection), the He will judge between us with truth. And He is the Just Judge, the All-Knower of the true state of affairs.'” (Surah Saba 34:26)
“And it is not your wealth, nor your children that bring you nearer to Us (i.e. please Allah), but only he who believes and does righteous deeds (will please Us); as for such, there will be twofold reward for what they did, and they will reside in the high dwellings (Paradise) in peace and security.” (Surah Saba 34:37)
“O mankind! verily, the Promise of Allah is true. So let not this present life deceive you, and let not the chief deceiver (Satan) deceive you about Allah.” (Surah Fatir 35:5)
What are the main themes of this juz’?
Surah Al-Ahzab continues in this juz’ with advice to the wives of the Prophet, peace and blessings of Allah be upon him, so that they may be an example for others to follow. Allah promises men and women who are obedient, truthful, patient and humble, and who guard their prayer, fast, give charity and guard their chastity and remember Allah often, forgiveness and the great reward of Paradise (33:35). Some rulings regarding marriage and divorce are outlined, as well as guidelines for privacy, including seeking permission to enter a dwelling and leaving promptly after a meal. This Surah also contains the ayat concerning the covering of women (33:53-59).
Surah Saba deals with objections raised by the disbelievers to the Message, who deny the Prophet, the Message, the coming of the Hour and the Resurrection. We return to the stories of the Prophets Dawud (David), Sulaiman (Solomon) peace be upon them, and the people of Sheba who were punished with a flood for disobedience and disbelief (34:15-21). The Prophet Muhammad, peace be upon him, is commanded to tell the polytheists and pagans that those who they call on besides Allah have no power of their own and they cannot intercede with Allah, and verily the Hour is coming. Our children and wealth will not avail us, only belief and good deeds will be of any use to us at that time.
Surah Fatir continues with the theme of refutation of the disbelievers. We are enjoined to remember the Grace of Allah upon us, and not to be deceived by the ‘chief deceiver’ Shaitan (Satan). All power, honour and glory belong to Allah alone. We are reminded of Allah’s Signs in the creation of man, the wind and the rain, the day and the night, and the separation of the salty and sweet seas, and it is us who are in need of Allah. The disbelievers will feel regret on the Day of Judgement, but by then it will be too late, the punishment will be upon them (35:37).
Surah Ya-Sin warns the disbeliever of the consequences of not accepting the Message. It opens with the confirmation that this Qur’an, full of wisdom, was revealed in order to warn people, and continues with the ominous statement that ‘the Word (of punishment) has proved true against most of them’ (36:7). It is the same whether the Messenger, peace be upon him, warns them or not, they will not believe. They are like the people of the past who refused to believe in revelation from ‘human beings like ourselves’ (36:15), and they were transgressors.