Those Who Associate Anything with Allah

From among these ayat is His statement,

“So shun the filth of idols, and shun lying speech. Turning unto Allah (alone), not ascribing partners unto Him; for whosoever ascribes partners unto Allah, it is as if he had fallen from the sky and the birds had snatched him or the wind had blown him to a far off place.” (Surah al-Hajj:30-31)

One should contemplate this example and its similarity to the condition of those who associate anything with Allah. This parable offers two beneficial comparisons; firstly, it may be taken as a complex similitude in which Allah likens the one who commits shirk, to the one who brought upon himself an inescapable disaster. Allah thus compares this person to the one who falls from the sky while being snatched at by birds and ending up within their stomachs; or being blown to a far off place by the wind. According to this comparison, the parable is taken as whole. The second aspect is to take this parable a divided comparison, where each part is taken and analysed separately. Therefore the highness, honour and endlessness of iman and Tawhid are likened to the sky to which they ascend. And He likened the one who abandons iman and Tawhid to a person falling down from the sky in respect to severe pain. Birds snatching him and tearing him apart are the devils that Allah sends to annoy him and disturb him, lending him to doom, as every devil has snatched away a piece of his heart and religion similar to how every bird has a piece of his heart and religion similar to how every bird has a piece of his flesh and limbs. The wind blowing him to a far off place is his desires that he follows, which blow him down and far from the sky.

Paragons of the Qur’an by Ibn Qayyim al Jawziyyah Pages 89-90

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