Servitude in “Master of the Day of Judgement”

The aspect of servitude to Allah that manifests itself in “Master of the Day of Judgement” connotes the humility and submission of His slaves, as well as His Justice. It also calls upon the slave to abstain from being unjust to himself by avoiding sins, and to reflect upon the tenets introduced in this ayah, namely: the affirmation of the Day of Judgement, and the sole authority of questioning and judging the creation (i.e. mankind and Jinn) for all their good deeds and wrong doings resting with Allah. All these tenets and meanings predicate His praise; Allah said:

“And they are judged aright. And it is said: Praise be to Allah, the Lord of the Worlds!” (Surah Az-Zumar 39:75)

It is also related that the entire creation, including the people of Paradise and the people of Hell, shall praise Allah on that Day for His Justice and Grace. [Allah admits people into Paradise with His Mercy and he admits people into Hell with His Justice] This is why Allah responds to the slave’s reciting “All Praises and thanks are due to Allah” by saying “My servant has praised Me.”

Inner Dimensions of the Prayer by Ibn Qayyim Al-Jawziyyah Pages 39-40