During the salah is also a time in which du’as are answered and accepted by Allah, all praises and glory be to Him. Abu Hurayrah narrated that the Prophet, peace be upon him, said:
“People will have to stop from looking up at the sky while making du’a during salat, or else Allah will snatch their sight away.” (Recorded in Muslim)
Other narrations forbid looking up at the sky during the prayer in general, and this narration shows that the prohibition is even stronger whilst one is making du’a. This is because one has a natural tendency to look upwards whilst making du’a, and thus the Prophet, peace and blessings of Allah be upon him, mentioned du’a specifically in this narration.
Some of the postures in which du’a has been narrated in salah include:
- After the initial takbeer, when one is starting salah.
- Before the ruku and after one has finished reciting the Qur’an – but this is only during the witr or other qunut prayers.
- During the ruku. The Prophet, peace be upon him used to say: “Glorified be You, O Allah, our Lord, and be Praised! O Allah, forgive me!” (Recorded in al-Bukhari)
- After one has stood up from ruku. Abu Hurayrah narrates the Prophet, peace be upon him, used to say after standing up from ruku: “Allah is Ever-Hearing to one who praises Him. Our Lord! To You belongs all praise, the weight of the Heavens, and the weight of the earth, and the weight of anything You desire. O Allah! Cleanse me with ice and water, cleanse me of my sins and mistakes as a white garment is cleansed of dirt!” (Recorded in Muslim)
- During the sujud, and this was the posture during which the Prophet, peace be upon him, made most of his du’as.
- Whilst sitting between the two sajdahs.
- After the final tashahhud, and before the end of the prayer.
These du’a are in addition to the actual du’as that he, peace be upon him, would do while actually reciting Qur’an. Hudhayfah narrated in this respect:
“I prayed one night behind the Prophet, peace be upon him, and he started reciting Surah al-Baqarah. I though to myself, ‘He will surely stop after a hundred verses.’ However, (after he reached one hundred verses), he went on, so I said to myself, ‘He will surely finish the Surah in this rakah.’ When he finished al-Baqarah, I thought, ‘He will surely go into ruku now’, but then he started Surah al-Nisa, and continued reciting it until he finished. Then he started reciting Surah Ali-Imran, and he completed its recitation! He was reciting in a very gentle and unhurried manner. Whenever he read a verse in which Allah was glorified, he would glorify Allah, and whenever he read a verse which requested something (from Allah), he would request it, and whenever he read a verse that sought refuge in Allah, he would seek refuge in Allah…” (Recorded in Muslim)
So when we are reciting the Qur’an in a voluntary prayer, we are encouraged to make a du’a whenever one occurs in the Qur’an. This is only for voluntary prayer, as for the obligatory prayers, it is not encouraged. And Allah knows best.