Ar-Rahman (The Most Gracious) Ar-Rahim (The Most Merciful)

“Ar-Rahman. He taught the Qur’an and created mankind.” (Surah ar-Rahman [55]:1-3)

“He is Allah, none has the right to be worshipped but He. He is the Knower of the unseen and the seen. He is ar-Rahman, ar-Rahim.” ( Surat al-Hashr, 59:22)

All praises be to Allah, who is known by the Beautiful Names ar-Rahman, the Most Gracious or the All-Merciful, and ar-Rahim, the Most Merciful. These Beautiful Names teach us that Allah’s mercy is infinite, and all-encompassing, and that He bestows it upon whomever He wills. His are all the Attributes of mercy and grace in their ultimate perfection.

SubhanAllah, think of the beauty of the opening of Surah al-Fatihah. Allah tell us to recite:

“In the Name of Allah, ar-Rahman, ar-Rahim. All praise and thanks are Allah’s, the Lord of the ‘Alamin (mankind, jinn and all that exists).” (Surah al-Fatihah [1]: 1-2)

He informs us of these Beautiful Names of His, ar-Rahman, ar-Rahim, and then tells us that all praise and thanks are due to Him alone. All praise and thanks are due to the One who is the Most Gracious and the Most Merciful.

What are the ways in which He shows us His grace and mercy? We couldn’t even begin to count the numerous blessings that He bestows on us: this life; the air that we breathe; the food that sustains us; our senses; the vast earth that stretches out before us; cool water; guidance; the love of those that love Him. There are infinite ways in which He showers His mercy upon us.

What does He ask in return? That all praise and thanks are due to Him. That we worship Him alone, without partners. Some people see the blessings that Allah has bestowed on them, and grasp the purpose of their existence, devoting themselves to Allah. Others do not, and remain ungrateful, rejecting the idea of worshipping Him. Despite this fact, Allah manifests His graciousness upon everyone, regardless of whether they are unbelievers, hypocrites, or polytheists. He gives us all air to breathe, water to drink, houses to live in, children, health etc. This fact in itself is a manifestation of His Name ar-Rahman, the Most Gracious.

Let’s remember:

“On that Day mankind will follow strictly (the voice of) Allah’s caller, no crookedness will they show him. And all voices will be humbled for the Most Gracious, and nothing shall you hear but the low voice of their footsteps.” (Surah Ta Ha [20]:108)

“On the Day Ar-Ruh [Jibrail or another angel] and the angels stand forth in rows, they will not speak except him whom the Most Gracious allows, and he will speak what is right.” ( Surat an-Naba [78]:38)

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