“Your Lord expands the provision of anyone He wills and restricts it. He is aware of and sees His servants.” ( Surat al-Isra’:30)
Allah, all praises and glory be to Him, is Al-Basit, the Extender. He grants spiritual and material abundance to those who believe in Him and who obey Him wholeheartedly, and removes the difficulties they face. When we encounter any hardship, poverty, or sickness, we should seek refuge in Allah, and as a reward for this, He may ease our situation. He has the ability to increase or decrease provision as He wills. Allah tells us in the Qur’an regarding the giving of charity:
“Who is he that will lend to Allah a goodly loan so that He can multiply it for him many times over? And it is Allah that increases and decreases. And to Him will be your return.” ( Surat al-Baqarah:245)
He, all praises and glory be to Him, can also restrict provision to whom He wills. The Qur’an provides many examples about this issue. For example, the Prophet Musa, peace be upon him, and the Children of Israel were forced to leave Egypt due to Pharaoh’s oppression. Pharaoh followed them and the Children of Israel were caught between Pharaoh’s army and the sea, and thought they would perish. But Allah answered Prophet Musa’s call, and divided the waters making a dry path so they could escape. Allah also destroyed Pharaoh and his army, and made the Children of Israel their inheritors. Here we see that Allah, in His infinite wisdom and mercy, restricted the situation of Pharaoh and extended the situation of the Children of Israel. This is because Allah, all praises and glory be to Him, is Al-Basit, the Extender, the One who extends provisions as He wills, and to Him is our final return.