” And (all) the Most Beautiful Names belong to Allah, so call on Him by them…” (Surah Al-Araf :180)
Before we begin, we should note some important principles with regards to the Names of Allah, the Beneficient, the Merciful. Firstly, Allah’s Names are Beautiful and Perfect and they contain no defect or deficiency. The Names of Allah can only be known through revelation. They are proper Names and descriptions, in that they refer to the Essence of Allah, all praises and glory be to Him. We must affirm any Attribute that a Name points to, which means that if Allah is as-Sami (the All-Hearing) this necessitates that we believe that Allah has the attribute of hearing. Allah’s Names are not limited to a particular number. There are some names that we know of and some that Allah has kept with Him, in His infinite wisdom. As recorded in an authentic hadith, the Prophet, peace and blessing of Allah be upon him, used to supplicate:
“I ask you by every one of Your Names with which You have named Yourself, or which You have revealed in Your Book, or taught to anyone of Your creation, or which You have kept to Yourself in the knowledge of the unseen.”
These posts will be based on a study of Explanation to the Beautiful and Perfect Names of Allah by Shaykh Abu Abdu-r-Rahman Nasir as-Sa’di.