Surah Fath Ayat 27-29 (end)

{27. Indeed Allah shall fulfill the true vision which He showed to His Messenger in very truth. Certainly, you shall enter Al-Masjid Al-Haram, if Allah wills, secure, (some) having your heads shaved, and (some having your hair cut short, having no fear. He knew what you knew not, and He granted besides that a near victory.

28. He it is Who has sent His Messenger with guidance and the religion of truth, that He may make it superior to all religions. And All-Sufficient is Allah as a Witness.}

Allah has indeed fulfilled the True Vision which He showed to His Prophet

In a dream, the Messenger of Allah saw himself entering Makkah and performing Tawaf around the House. He told his Companions about this dream when he was still in Al-Madinah. When they went to Makkah in the year of Al-Hudaybiyyah, none of them doubted that the Prophet’s vision would come true that year. When the treaty of peace was conducted and they had to return to Al-Madinah that year, being allowed to return to Makkah the next year, some of the Companions disliked what happened. Umar bin Al-Khattab asked about this, saying, “Haven’t you told us that we will go to the House and perform Tawaf around it?” The Prophet, peace and blessings of Allah be upon him, said,

“Yes. Have I told you that you will go to it this year?”

Umar said, “No.” The Prophet, peace and blessings of Allah be upon him, said,

“Then you will go to it and perform Tawaf around it.” 

Umar received the same answer from Abu Bakr As-Siddiq, letter for letter. (Fath Al-Bari 5:390) This is why Allah the Exalted and Most honoured said, “Indeed Allah shall fulfill the true vision which He showed to His Messenger in very truth. Certainly, you shall enter Al-Masjid Al-Haram, if Allah wills,” and He willed that this matter shall certainly occur, “secure,” means, ‘upon your entering,’ “(some) having your heads shaved, and (some) having your hair cut short,” and some of them indeed had their head hair shaved, while some of them had their head hair shortened. The Two Sahihs recorded that the Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings of Allah be upon him, said,

“O Allah! Be merciful to those who have their head shaved.”

The people said, “O Allah’s Messenger! And (invoke Allah for) those who get their hair cut short.” He said,

“O Allah! Be merciful to those who have their head shaved.”

The people said, “O Allah’s Messenger! And those who get their hair cut short.” The Prophet, peace and blessings of Allah be upon him, said,

“O Allah! Be merciful to those who have their head shaved.”

The people said, “O Allah’s Messenger! And those who get their hair cut short.” The Prophet, peace and blessings of Allah be upon him, said (the third or the fourth time),

“And to those who get their hair cut short.” (Fath Al-Bari 3:656)

Allah said, “having no fear”, indicating that they will be safe and will have no fear when they enter Makkah. This occurred in the Umrah performed the following year, on the seventh year of Hijrah during the month of Dhul-Qadah.

When the Messenger left from Al-Hudaybiyyah, during the month of Dhul-Qadah (the sixth year of Hijrah), he went back to Al-Madinah. He remained in Al-Madinah during the months of Dhul-Hijjah and Al-Muharram. In Safar, he marched forth to Khaybar, and Allah opened that city for him, partly by force and partly by its people surrendering to him. Khaybar was a wealthy province that had abundant date trees and vegetation. The Prophet, peace and blessings of Allah be upon him, hired the (defeated) Jews of Khaybar to attend to a part of its green fields and divided the province among those who attended Al-Hudaybiyyah with him. No one else except those Companions took part in attacking Khaybar, except Jafar bin Abi Talib, who came back with his companions from Ethiopia. Abu Musa Al-Ashari and his people also attended that battle. None of them were absent except Abu Dujanah Simak bin Kharashah, according to Ibn Zayd. (At-Tabari 22: 259) This fact is well recorded in (the Books of) history. The Prophet, peace and blessings of Allah be upon him, then returned to Al-Madinah.

When the month of Dhul-Qadah came, the seventh year of Hijrah, the Prophet went to Makkah for Umrah accompanied by those who were with him at Al-Hudaybiyyah. He resumed Ihram from Dhul-Hulayfah and took the sacrificial animals with him. It was said that the sacrificial animals were sixty. The Prophet and his Companions started reciting the Talbiyah aloud. When they came close to Marr Az-Zahran, he sent Muhammad bin Maslamah before him with the horses and weapons. When the idolators saw this advance regiment, they were overwhelmed with fear. They thought that the Messenger of Allah would attack them and that he had betrayed the treaty that he conducted with them, which stipulated cessation of hostilities for ten years. The idolators went quickly to Makkah to inform its people. When the Prophet, peace and blessings of Allah be upon him, made camp in the area of Marr Az-Zahran, where he was close enough to see the idols that were erected all around the Haram, he sent the weaponry, arrows, arrow cases and spears, to the valley of Yajaj. He next went on his way towards Makkah with the swords resting in their sheaths, just as he agreed to in the peace treaty. While the Prophet was still on the way to Makkah, the Quraysh sent Mikraz bin Hafs who said, “O Muhammad! We never knew you to be one who betrays his promises.” The Prophet, peace and blessings of Allah be upon him, said,

“Why do you say that?”

Mikraz said, “You are headed towards us with the weaponry, the arrows and the spears.” The Prophet, peace and blessings of Allah be upon him, said,

“I did not do that, I sent all that to the valley of Yajaj.”

Mikraz said, “This is the way we knew you to be, trustworthy and keeping to your promises.” The leaders of the disbelievers left Makkah so that they would not have to look at the Messenger of Allah and his Companions, out of rage and anger. As for the rest of the people of Makkah, men, women and children, they sat on the pathways and house roofs watching the Messenger of Allah and his Companions. The Messenger entered Makkah with his Companions while reciting the Talbiyah. The Prophet sent the sacrificial animals to Dhu Tuwa while riding his camel, Al-Qaswa, the same camel he was riding on the day of Hudaybiyyah. Abdullah bin Rawahah, from Al-Ansar, was holding the bridle of the Prophet’s camel and repeating this poem,

“In the Name of He, other than Whose religion there is no true religion, In the Name of He, Whom Muhammad is His Messenger, O children of the disbelievers, stay out of his way, For today, we shall impose on you the fulfillment of its interpretation, Just as we fought with you to accept its revelation, Severe fighting that removes the heads from where they rest, And overwhelms the companion from attending to his companion, Ar-Rahman has sent down in His revelation, In pages that are being recited before His Messenger, That the best death is that which occurs in His cause, So, O Lord, I believe in its statements.”

This story is collected from various narrations.

Imam Ahmad recorded that Abdullah bin Abbas said, “When Allah’s Messenger and his Companions came to Makkah, the fever of Yathrib (Al-Madinah) had weakened and bothered them. The idolators circulated the news that a group of people were coming to them and that they had been weakened and bothered by the fever of Yathrib (Al-Madinah). The idolators sat in the area close to Al-Hijr. Allah conveyed to His Prophet what the idolators said, so he ordered his Companions to do Ramal in the first three rounds, so that the idolaters witness their strength. The Companions did Ramal the first three rounds. He also ordered them to walk normally between the two corners, for from there the idolators would not be able to see them. The Prophet did not order them to do Ramal in all the rounds of Tawaf out of pity for them. The idolators commented, ‘Are these the people whom you claimed were weakened by the fever. They are stronger than so-and-so!”’ (Ahmad 1: 294) The Two Sahihs also recorded this Hadith. (Fath Al-Bari 7:581, Muslim 2:923)

In another narration, “Allah’s Messenger and his Companions came (to Makkah) on the morning of the fourth day of Dhul-Qadah. The idolators circulated the news that a group of people was coming to them, who had been weakened by the fever of Yathrib (Al-Madinah). So, the Prophet ordered his Companions to do Ramal in the first three rounds of Tawaf. The Prophet did not order them to do Ramal in all the rounds of Tawaf out of pity for them.” (Fath Al-Bari 3:548)

Al-Bukhari recorded that Ibn Abbas said, “In the year when the Prophet came as stipulated by the peace treaty, he said, ‘Perform Ramal.’ So that the idolators may witness their strength. At that time, the idolators were watching from the area of Quayqian.” [The small hill towards the Hijr] (Fath Al-Bari 7:581) Ibn Abbas said, “Allah’s Messenger performed Tawaf of the Kabah and the Sa’y [walking at fast pace] at As-Safa and Al-Marwah to show his strength to the idolators.” (Fath Al-Bari 7:581)

Al-Bukhari recorded that Abdullah bin Umar said, “Allah’s Messenger set out for Umrah, but the Quraysh idolators prevented him from reaching the Kabah. So, he slaughtered his sacrifice, got his head shaved at Al-Hudaybiyyah, agreed to a formal pact with them that he would perform Umrah the following year, would not carry weapons against them, except swords and would not stay in Makkah, except for the period they allowed. The Prophet, peace and blessings of Allah be upon him, performed the Umrah in the following year and entered Makkah according to the treaty. And when he stayed for three days, the idolators ordered him to depart, and he departed.” (Fath Al-Bari 7:571)

Allah’s statement, “He knew what you knew not, and He granted besides that a near victory.” means, Allah the Exalted and Most Honored knew the benefit and goodness of turning you away from Makkah and preventing you from entering it in the year of Al-Hudaybiyyah, He knew that which you had no knowledge of, “and He granted besides that” before entering Makkah as you were promised in the vision that the Prophet saw, He granted a close victory, i.e. the treaty of peace that you conducted between you and your idolator enemies.

The Good News that Muslims will conquer the Known World, and ultimately the Entire World

Allah the Exalted and Most Honoured said, while delivering the glad tidings to the believers that the Messenger will triumph over his enemies and the rest of the people of the earth, “He it is Who has sent His Messenger with guidance and the religion of truth,” with beneficial knowledge and righteous good deeds. Indeed, the Islamic Shariah has two factors, knowledge and deeds. The true religious knowledge is by definition true, and the accepted Islamic acts are by definition accepted. Therefore, the news and creed that this religion conveys are true and its commandments are just, “that He may make it superior to all religions.” all the religions of the people of the earth, Arabs and non-Arabs alike, whether having certain ideologies or being atheists or idolators. “And All-Sufficient is Allah as a Witness.” that Muhammad is His Messenger and that He will grant him victory. Allah the Exalted and Most Honored has the best knowledge.

{29. Muhammad is the Messenger of Allah. And those who are with him are severe against disbelievers, and merciful among themselves. You see them bowing falling down prostrate, seeking reward from Allah and acceptance. The mark of them is on their faces from the traces of prostration. This is their description in the Tawrah. But their description in the Injil is like a seed which sends forth its shoot, then makes it strong, and becomes thick and it stands straight on its stem, delighting the sowers, that He may enrage the disbelievers with them. Allah has promised those among them who believe and do righteous good deeds, forgiveness and a mighty reward.}

Qualities of the Faithful Believers and Their Refinement

Allah declares that without doubt, Muhammad is truly His Messenger, “Muhammad is the Messenger of Allah.” and this quality includes every beautiful description. Allah praises the Companions of the Messenger , may Allah be pleased with them all, “And those who are with him are severe against disbelievers, merciful among themselves.” just as He, the Exalted and Most Honored, said in another Ayah, “Allah will bring a people whom He will love and they will love Him; humble towards the believers, stern towards the disbelievers.”(5:54) This is the description of the believers; harsh with the disbelievers, merciful and kind to the believers, angry without smiling before the disbelievers, smiling and beaming with pleasure before his believing brother. Allah the Exalted said in another Ayah, “O you who believe! Fight those of the disbelievers who are close to you, and let them find harshness in you.” (9:123) The Prophet, peace and blessings of Allah be upon him, said,

“The parable of the believers in their kindness and mercy for each other, is that of the body: when one of its organs falls ill, the rest of the body responds with fever and sleeplessness.” (Muslim 4:1999)

The Prophet, peace and blessings of Allah be upon him, also said,

“A believer to another believer is like a building whose different parts enforce each other.”

Then he clasped his hands with his fingers interlaced. (Fath Al-Bari 5:119) Both of these Hadiths were collected in the Sahih.

Allah the Exalted and Most Honored said, “You see them bowing and falling down prostrate, seeking reward from Allah and acceptance.”

Allah describes the believers as active in performing righteous deeds and in praying, which is the best action there is, all the while being sincere to Allah the Exalted and Most Honored in the prayer, awaiting His generous reward alone. Allah’s best reward is Paradise that contains His bounties and favors, abundant provisions, as well as, earning His good pleasure that is greater than the former reward. Allah said, “But the greatest bliss is the acceptance by Allah” (9: 72) The statement of Allah the Exalted next, “The mark of them is on their faces from the traces of prostration.” refers to graceful appearance, according to Ibn Abbas as reported from him by Ali bin Abi Talhah. (At-Tabari 22:263) Mujahid and several others explained: “It means, humbleness and reverence.” (At-Tbari 22:263) Some said, “The righteous good deed brings light to the heart, brightness to the face, ampleness in provisions, and love in people’s hearts.” The Leader of the faithful, Uthman bin Affan said, “Everyone who hides a secret, then Allah the Exalted will either show on his face what he’s done or by the words that accidentally slip from his mouth.”

Imam Ahmad recorded that Abdullah bin Abbas said that the Prophet, peace and blessings of Allah be upon him, said,

“Verily, good conduct, graceful appearance and moderation are one part out of twenty-five parts of prophethood.” (Ahmad 1:296)

Abu Dawud also collected this Hadith. (Abu Dawud 5: 136) Therefore, since the Companions, may Allah be pleased with them all, had sincere intentions and righteous good deeds, all those who looked at them liked their appearance and conduct. Imam Malik said, “I was told that when the Christians saw the Companions, who conquered Ash-Sham, they commented, ‘These people are, by Allah, better than the Disciples (of Isa) according to what has been conveyed to us.”’ They indeed said the truth, for this Ummah was mentioned in an honorable way in previously revealed Scriptures. The best and most honored members of this Ummah are the Companions of the Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings of Allah be upon him. Allah, the Exalted and Most Honored, praised them in previous Books and Revelations, and this is why He said here, “This is their description in the Tawrah”, then said, “But their description in the Injil is like a seed which sends forth its shoot (Shatah,)” its shoot or branch, “then makes it strong,” able to stand on its own, “and becomes thick”, youthful and long, “and it stands straight on its stem, delighting the sowers,” Such is the parable that describes the Companions of Allah’s Messenger, peace and blessings of Allah be upon him. They gave the Messenger aid, support and victory, just as the shoot hardens the plant, “that He may enrage the disbelievers with them.” Relying on this Ayah, Imam Malik stated that the Rawafid [a category of Shi’ites] are disbelievers because they hate the Companions, may Allah be pleased with them all. Malik said, “The Companions enrage them, and according to this Ayah, he who is enraged by the Companions is a disbeliever.” Several scholars agreed with Malik’s opinion, may Allah be pleased with them. There are numerous Hadiths mentioning the virtues of the Companions and prohibiting the criticism on their mistakes. It is sufficient that Allah the Exalted has praised them and declared that He is pleased with them. Allah the Exalted and Most Honored said, “Allah has promised those among them who believe and do righteous deeds, forgiveness” for their sins, “and a mighty reward.” a generous reward and honorable provisions. Certainly, Allah’s promise is true and shall come to pass and will never be broken or changed. Surely, all those who follow the guidance of the Companions, may Allah be pleased with them all, will be similar to them. However, the Companions have the better virtue, the obvious lead and the perfection in character, on account of which none among this Ummah will be able to attain their level. May Allah be pleased with them and make them pleased. May He place them in the gardens of Al-Firdaws, and make it their abode, and He indeed has done all of that. In his Sahih, Muslim recorded that Abu Hurayrah said that the Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings of Allah be upon him, said,

“Do not abuse my Companions, for by the One in Whose Hand is my soul! If one of you spends the amount of Uhud in gold, that amount will never reach the level of one of them spending a Mudd [small dry measurement] half of it.” (Muslim 4:1967)

This is the end of the Tafsir of Surat Al-Fath.

All praise and thanks is due to Allah.

Tafsir Ibn Kathir (Abdriged) Vol 9 Pages 170-182

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