Surah Maryam Ayat 81-98 (end)

{81. And they have taken gods besides Allah, that they might give them honour, power and glory. 

82.Nay, but they will deny their worship of them, and will become their adversaries. 

83. See you not that We have sent the Shayatin against the disbelievers to push them to do evil.  

84. So make no haste against them; We only count out to them a (limited) number.}

The Idols of the Polytheists will deny Their Worship

Allah, the Exalted, informs about the disbelievers who associate partners with their Lord, that they have taken gods besides Allah, so that these gods may be a source of honor and might for them. They think that these gods give them power and make them victorious. Then, Allah mentions that the matter is not as they claim, and it will not be as they hope. He says, “Nay, but they will deny their worship of them” on the Day of Judgement. “and will become their adversaries.” This means that they will be foes in a state other than what they think about these gods. This is similar to Allah’s statement, “And who is more astray than one who calls upon, besides Allah, such as will not answer him till the Day of Resurrection, and who are (even) unaware of their calls to them And when mankind are gathered, they will become their enemies and will deny their worshipping.” (46:5-6) As-Suddi said, “Nay, but they will deny their worship of them” “This means their worshipping of the idols. ” (At-Tabari 18:251) Allah said, “and will become their adversaries” contrary to what they hoped for from these gods. As-Suddi said, “and will become their adversaries.” “They will be in severe opposition and argument.” Ad-Dahhak said, “and will become their adversaries.” “This means enemies.” (At-Tabari 18:250)

 

The Power of the Devils over the Disbelievers

Concerning Allah’s statement, “See you not that We have sent the Shayatin against the disbelievers to push them to do evil.” Ali bin Abi Talhah said that Ibn Abbas said, “They will lead them astray with temptation.” (At-Tabari 18:251) Al-Awfi said that Ibn Abbas said, “They will incite them against Muhammad and his Companions.” (Ad-Durr Al-Manthur 5:538) Qatadah said, “They will harass them and disturb them until they disobey Allah.” (At-Tabari 18:252) Abdur-Rahman bin Zayd said, “This is similar to Allah’s statement, “And whosoever turns away blindly from the remembrance of the Most Gracious, We appoint for him a Shaytan to be a companion for him.” (43:36) (At-Tabari 18:252) Concerning Allah’s statement, “So make no haste against them; We only count out to them a (limited) number.” This means, “Do not be hasty with the punishment that is going to befall them, O Muhammad.” “We only count out to them a number.” This means, “We are only delaying them for a fixed appointment whose time is numbered. They are destined for that and there is no escaping the torment of Allah and His exemplary punishment.” Allah says, “And consider not that Allah is unaware of that which the wrongdoers do.” (14:42) And He says, “So give a respite to the disbelievers; deal gently with them for a while.” (86:17) And Allah says, “We postpone the punishment only so that they may increase in sinfulness.” (3:178) “We let them enjoy for a little while, then in the end We shall oblige them to (enter) a great torment.” (31:24) “Say: “Enjoy! But certainly, your destination is the (Hell) Fire.” (14:30) As-Suddi said, “We only count out to them a (limited) number.” means years, months, days and hours.”

{85. The Day We shall gather those with Taqwa unto the Most Gracious (Allah), like a delegation. 

86. And We shall drive the criminals to Hell, in a thirsty state. 

87. None shall have the power of intercession, but such a one as has received permission (or promise) from the Most Gracious (Allah).}

The Condition of the Righteous and the Criminals on the Day of Resurrection

Allah, the Exalted, informs about His righteous friends, who feared Him in the life of this world. They followed His Messengers and believed in what the Messengers told them. They obeyed them in what they commanded them and abstained from that which they prohibited. Allah explains that He will gather these people on the Day of Resurrection like a delegation that has come to Him. A Wafd (delegation) is a group that arrives while riding and from it comes the word Wufud (arriving). They will come riding upon noble steeds of light from the riding animals of the Hereafter. They will arrive before the Best Receiver of delegations at the abode of His honor and pleasure. In reference to the criminals, who denied the Messengers and opposed them, they will be driven violently to the Hellfire. Allah says, “In a thirsty state.” This means parched and thirsting for drink. This was stated by Ata’, Ibn Abbas, Mujahid, Al-Hasan, Qatadah and many others. (At-Tabari 18:253) Here it will be said, “Which of the two groups is best in Maqam (position) and the finest Nadiyyan (meeting place).” (19:73) Ibn Abi Hatim reported from Amr bin Qays Al-Mula’i, who reported from Ibn Marzuq that he said, “The Day We shall gather those with Taqwa unto the Most Gracious, like a delegation.” “When the believer comes forth from his grave, he will meet the most handsome form he has ever seen and it will have the nicest fragrance. He will say, ‘Who are you?’ The being will reply, ‘You do not know me’ The believer will say, ‘No, but Allah has made you sweet smelling with a handsome face.’ The being will say, ‘I am your righteous deeds. This is how you use to beautify and apply fragrance to your deeds in the worldly life. I was riding upon you in the entire length of your worldly life, so will you not ride upon me now’ So the believer will therefore mount the creature. This is the meaning of Allah’s statement, “The Day We shall gather those with Taqwa unto the Most Gracious, like a delegation.” Ali bin Abi Talhah reported that Ibn Abbas said, “The Day We shall gather those with Taqwa unto the Most Gracious, like a delegation.” “Riding.” (At-Tabari 8:380) His saying, “And We shall drive the criminals to Hell, in a thirsty state.” This means parched and thirsty. “None shall have the power of intercession” There will be no one who can intercede for them like the believers who intercede for each other. Allah says about them, “Now we have no intercessors, nor a close friend.” (26:100-101) Allah said, “but such a one as has received permission (or promise) from the Most Gracious.” This is a separate exclusion, which means, “But those who have taken a covenant with the Most Beneficent.” This covenant is the testimony that none has the right to be worshipped but Allah, and upholding of its rights and implications. Ali bin Abi Talhah reported that Ibn Abbas said, “but such a one as has received permission (or promise) from the Most Gracious.” “The promise is the testimony that none has the right to be worshipped but Allah, that the person accepts that all power and strength belong to Allah and he only places his hope with Allah alone.” (At-Tabari 18:257)

{88. And they say: “The Most Gracious (Allah) has begotten a son.” 

89. Indeed you have brought forth (said) a thing Idda. 

90. Whereby the heavens are almost torn, and the earth is split asunder, and the mountains Hadda. 

91. That they ascribe a son to the Most Gracious. 

92. But it is not suitable for the Most Gracious that He should beget a son. 

93. There is none in the heavens and the earth but comes unto the Most Gracious as a slave. 

94. Verily, He knows each one of them, and has counted them a full counting. 

95. And everyone of them will come to Him alone on the Day of Resurrection.}

The Stern Rejection of attributing a Son to Allah

After Allah affirms in this noble Surah that Isa was a worshipper and servant of Allah and He mentioned his birth from Maryam without a father, He then begins refuting those who claim that He has a son. Holy is He and far Exalted is He above such description. Allah says, “And they say: “The Most Gracious has begotten a son.” Indeed you have brought forth” This means, “In this statement of yours.” “a thing Idda.” Ibn Abbas, Mujahid, Qatadah and Malik all said, “Terrible.” It has been said that it is pronounced Iddan, Addan, and Addan with elongation on the first vowel. All three of these pronunciations are known, but the most popular is the first. Allah said; “Whereby the heavens are almost torn, and the earth is split asunder, and the mountains Hadda, that they ascribe a son to the Most Gracious.” that is, out of their high esteem for Allah, when they hear this statement of wickedness coming from the Children of Adam. The reason for this is that these are creatures of Allah and they are established upon His Tawhid and the fact that there is no deity worthy of worship except Him. He has no partners, no peer, no child, no mate and no coequal. Rather, He is the One, Self-Sufficient Master, Whom all creatures are in need of. Ibn Jarir reported that Ibn Abbas said concerning Allah’s statement, “Whereby the heavens are almost torn, and the earth is split asunder, and the mountains Hadda, that they ascribe a son to the Most Gracious.” “Verily, the heavens, the earth, the mountains and all creatures – except for humans and Jinns – are frightened by the associating of partners with Allah. Creation will almost cease existing before the association of partners with Allah, due to His Greatness. Just as the idolator does not benefit by his good deeds because of associating partners with Allah, we hope that Allah would forgive the sins of those who believed in His absolute Oneness by worshipping Him alone. The Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings of Allah be upon him, said,

“Encourage your dying people to testify to La ilaha illallah, for whoever says it at the time of their death, they will definitely enter into Paradise.”

The people said, “O Messenger of Allah, what about he who says it while in good health” He replied,

“This will necessitate his entrance into Paradise even more.”

Then he said,

“I swear by He Whom my soul is in His Hand, if the heavens and the earths, and all that is in them, between them and under them, were brought and placed in a balance of a scale, and the testimony of La ilaha illallah was placed on the other side of the scale, the testimony would outweigh all of it.”

This was recorded by Ibn Jarir (At-Tabari 18:258) and it is supported by the Hadith related to the story of the card. (Tuhfat Al-Ahwadhi 7:330 – referring to the text wherein it is stated that the Kalimah will outweigh ninety-nine scrolls of recorded bad deeds reaching as far as can be seen on the Day of Judgement) And Allah knows best.

Ad-Dahhak said, “Whereby the heavens are almost torn” “This means to be split apart into pieces due to the fear of the magnificence of Allah.” Abdur-Rahman bin Zayd bin Aslam said, “and the earth is split asunder” “This is due to its anger on behalf of Allah, the Mighty and Sublime.” “and the mountains Hadda.” Ibn Abbas said, “This means to be torn down.” Said bin Jubayr said, “Haddan means some of it is broken by other parts of it in succession.”

Imam Ahmad reported from Abu Musa that he said that the Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings of Allah be upon him, said,

“There is no one more patient than Allah concerning something harmful that he hears. For verily, partners are associated with Him and a son is ascribed to Him, while He is the One Who gives them good health, protects them and sustains them.” (Ahmad 4:405)

This narration is also recorded in the Two Sahihs. In one wording of it he said,

“…that they attribute a son to Him, while He is the One Who sustains them and gives them good health.” (Fath Al-Bari 10:527)

Allah said; “But it is not suitable for the Most Gracious that He should beget a son.” Meaning that it is not befitting of Him, nor is it appropriate for His lofty majesty and greatness. There is no coequal for Him in His creation, because all creatures are His slaves. This is why He says, “There is none in the heavens and the earth but comes unto the Most Gracious as a slave. Verily, He knows each one of them, and has counted them a full counting.” He knows their number from the time He created them, until the Day of Resurrection, male and female, both the small and the large of them. “And everyone of them will come to Him alone on the Day of Resurrection.” This means that there will be no helper for him and no one to save him, except Allah alone, Who has no partners. He judges His creatures as He wills and He is the Most Just, Who does not do even an atom’s weight of injustice. He will not wrong anyone.

{96. Verily, those who believe and work deeds of righteousness, the Most Gracious will bestow love for them. 

97. So, We have made this easy in your own tongue, only that you may give glad tidings to those who have Taqwa, and warn with it the people that are Ludda. 

98. And how many a generation before them have We destroyed! Can you find a single one of them or hear even a whisper of them?}

Allah places Love of the Righteous People in the Hearts

Allah, the Exalted, informs about His believing servants, who work righteous deeds – deeds that He is pleased with because they are in accordance with the legislation of Muhammad – that He plants love for them in the hearts of His righteous servants. This is something that is absolutely necessary and there is no avoiding it. This has been reported in authentic Hadiths of the Messenger of Allah in various different ways. Imam Ahmad recorded that Abu Hurayrah said that the Prophet, peace and blessings of Allah be upon him, said,

“Verily, whenever Allah loves a servant of His, He calls Jibril and says, “O Jibril, verily I love so-and-so, so love him.” Thus, Jibril will love him. Then, he (Jibril) will call out to the dwellers of the heavens, “Verily, Allah loves so-and-so, so you too must love him.” Then the dwellers of the heavens love him and he will be given acceptance in the earth. Whenever Allah hates a servant of His, He calls Jibril and says, “O Jibril, verily I hate so-and-so, so hate him.” Thus, Jibril will hate him. Then, he (Jibril) will call out amongst the dwellers of the heavens, “Verily, Allah hates so-and-so, so you too must hate him.” Then the dwellers of the heavens hate him and hatred for him will be placed in the earth.” (Ahmad 2:413, 514) 

Al-Bukhari and Muslim reported narrations similar to this. (Fath Al-Bari 1:476)

Ibn Abi Hatim recorded that Abu Hurayrah said that the Prophet, peace and blessings of Allah be upon him, said,

“Whenever Allah loves a servant of His, He calls Jibril (saying), “Verily, I love so-and-so, so love him.” Then, Jibril calls out into the heavens and love for him descends among the people of the earth. That is the meaning of the statement of Allah, the Mighty and Sublime: “Verily, those who believe and work deeds of righteousness, the Most Gracious will bestow love for them.” (19:96)” (Abdur Razzaq 10:450)

This was also reported by Muslim and At-Tirmidhi and At-Tirmidhi said, “Hasan Sahih.” (Muslim 4:1031)

The Qur’an descended to give Glad Tidings and to warn

Allah said; “So, We have made this easy” meaning the Qur’an. “in your own tongue” This is an address to Prophet Muhammad and it means that the Qur’an is in the pure, complete and eloquent Arabic language. “that you may give glad tidings to those who have Taqwa” those who respond to Allah and believe in His Messenger , “and warn with it the people who are Ludda.” meaning, the people who have deviated away from the truth and are inclined towards falsehood. His saying, “And how many a generation before them have We destroyed!” means from the nations that disbelieved in the signs of Allah and rejected His Messengers. “Can you find a single one of them or hear even a whisper of them?” Meaning, ‘have you seen any of them or even heard a whisper from them.’ Ibn Abbas, Abu Al-Aliyah, Ikrimah, Al-Hasan Al-Basri, Said bin Jubayr, Ad-Dahhak and Ibn Zayd all said, “This means any sound.” (At-Tabari 18:265) Al-Hasan and Qatadah both said that this means, “Do you see with your eye, or hear any sound?” (At-Tabari 18:265)

This is the end of the Tafsir of Surah Maryam. All praises and thanks are due to Allah. Following this will be the Tafsir of Surah Ta Ha, Allah willing and all praise is due to Allah.

Tafsir Ibn Kathir (Abridged) Vol 6 Pages 306-319 

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One Response to Surah Maryam Ayat 81-98 (end)

  1. ahmad says:

    may Allaah increase your ikhlaas and help you do more of good deeds

    Like

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