What Surahs are included in the Thirtieth Juz’?
The thirtieth juz’ of the Quran includes the last 36 Surahs of the Qur’an, starting fromSurah An-Naba’ and continuing until the last Surah of the Quran, Surah An-Nas.
When were the ayat of this juz’ revealed?
Most of these short Surahs were revealed at the beginning of the Makkan period, when the Muslim community was small in number. Surah Al-Intifar (The Cleaving), Surah Mutaffifin (Those Who Deal in Fraud), Surah Al-Bayinnah (The Clear Evidence) and theAl-Mu’awwidhatayn – Surah Al-Falaq (The Daybreak) and An-Nas (Mankind) – were revealed later in Madinah.
From the many Virtues of these Surahs
Imam Ahmad recorded from Ibn Umar that the Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings of Allah be upon him, said: “Whoever wishes to look at the Day of Judgement as if he is seeing it with his own eyes, then let him read, ‘When the sun is wound round.’ (Surah At-Takwir) and; ‘When the heaven is cleft asunder.’ (Surah Al-Intifar) and; ‘When the heaven is split asunder.’ (Surah Al-Inshiqaq).”
Imam Ahmad recorded from An-Nu’man bin Bashir that the Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings of Allah be upon him, recited Surat Al-A’la and Surat Al-Ghashiyah in the two ‘Id prayers. If the ‘Id prayer fell on Friday, he would recite them in both prayers (‘Id and Salat Al-Jumu’ah). Muslim also recorded this in his Sahih.
Malik and Shubah narrated from ‘Adi bin Thabit, who narrated that Al-Bara’ bin Azib said, “The Prophet used to recite in one of his Rakahs while traveling At-Tin waz-Zaytun’ (Surat At-Tin), and I have never heard anyone with a nicer voice or recitation than him.” The Group has recorded this Hadith in their books.
Ahmad also recorded that Ibn Umar said, “I watched the Prophet twenty-four or twenty-five times reciting in the two Rakahs before the Morning prayer and the two Rakahs after the Sunset prayer, ‘Say: “O Al-Kafirun!”’ (Surah Al-Kafirun) and ‘Say: “He is Allah One.” (Surah Al-Ihklas)
An-Nasa’i recorded from Ubaydullah bin Abdullah bin Utbah that Ibn Abbas said to him, “O Ibn Utbah! Do you know the last Surah of the Qur’an that was revealed” He answered, “Yes, it was ‘When there comes the help of Allah and the Conquest.’ (Surah An-Nasr)”. He (Ibn Abbas) said, “You have spoken truthfully.”
Al-Bukhari reported from Amrah bint Abdur-Rahman, who used to stay in the apartment of A’ishah, the wife of the Prophet , that A’ishah said, “The Prophet sent a man as the commander of a war expedition and he used to lead his companions in prayer with recitation (of the Qur’an). And he would complete his recitation with the recitation of ‘Say: He is Allah, One.’ (Surah Al-Ihklas) So when they returned they mentioned that to the Prophet, peace and blessings of Allah be upon him, and he said, “Ask him why does he do that.” So they asked him and he said, ‘Because it is the description of Ar-Rahman and I love to recite it. So the Prophet said, “Inform him that Allah the Most High loves him.’’ This is how Al-Bukhari recorded this Hadith in his Book of Tawhid.
In his Sahih, Muslim recorded on the authority of Uqbah bin Amir that the Messenger of Allah said, ‘Do you not see that there have been Ayat revealed to me tonight the like of which has not been seen before.’ They are ‘Say: “I seek refuge with, the Lord of Al-Falaq.” (Surah Al-Falaq) and ‘Say: “I seek refuge with the Lord of mankind.” (Surah An-Nas) This Hadith was recorded by Ahmad, At-Tirmidhi and An-Nasa’i.
“Truly, Hell is a place of ambush – A dwelling place for the Taghun (transgressors and wrongdoers) they will abide therein for ages. Nothing cool shall they taste therein, nor any drink. Except boiling water, and dirty wound discharges – an exact recompense (according to their crimes). For verily they used no to look for a reckoning.” (Surah An-Naba 78:21-27)
“Let man look at his food, We pour fourth water in abundance, And We split the earth in clefts. And We cause the grain to grow, and grapes and clover plants, And olives and date palms, And gardens dense with many trees, And fruits and herbage. (To be) a provision and benefit for you and your cattle.”(Surah ‘Abasa 80:24-32)
“O man! What has made you careless about your Lord, the Most Generous?”(Surah Al-Intifar 82:6)
“Verily, those who believe and do righteous deeds, for them will be Gardens under which rivers flow (Paradise); That is the great success.” (Surah Al-Buruj 85:11)
“As for man, when his Lord tries him by giving him honour and bounties, then he says: ‘My Lord had honoured me!’ But when he tries him by straitening his means of life, he says, ‘My Lord has humiliated me!’ Nay! But you treat no the orphans with kindness and generosity And urge not one another on the feeding of the poor And you devour the inheritance – all with greed. And you love wealth with much love.” (Surah Al-Fajr 89:15-20)
“Indeed he succeeds who purifies his own self, And indeed he fails who corrupts his own self.” (Surah Ash-Shams 91:9)
“Certainly, your efforts and deeds are are diverse, As for him who gives (in charity) and keeps his duty to Allah and fears Him, And believes in Al-Husna (the best/reward from Allah) We will make smooth for him the path of ease (goodness). But he who is a greedy miser and thinks himself self-sufficient. And denies Al-Husna, We will make smooth for him the path for evil.” (Surah Al-Lail 92:4-10)
“Verily, along with every hardship is relief. Verily, with every hardship is relief. So when you have finished (your occupation), devote yourself to Allah’s worship. And to your Lord (Alone) turn (all your) intentions and hopes.” (Surah Ash-Sharh 94:5-8)
“When the earth is shaken with its (final) earthquake, And when the earth throws out its burdens. And man will say: ‘What is the matter with it?’ That Day it will declare its information (about all that happened over it of good and evil) Because your Lord will inspire it.” (Surah Az-Zalzalah 99:1-4)
“By the time, verily man is in loss. Except those who believe and righteous good deeds, and recommend one another to the truth and recommend one another to patience.” (Surah Al-Asr 103:1-3)
What is the main theme of this juz’?
This entire juz’ has a special place in the hearts of Muslims. It is called Juz’ Amma, a name which reflects the first word of the first ayah of this section (78:1), and contains short Surahs which are memorised by many of us.
These early Makkan Surahs were revealed at a time when Muslim community was small in number, and in need of confirmation and support. The passages remind the believers of Allah’s Mercy, and the promise that in the end, good will prevail over evil. They enjoin us to look at Allah’s Signs in His Creation: our food, water and plants (80:24-32); our bodies fashioned us perfectly in due proportion (82:7); the heaven holding stars (85:1); the sky which gives rain (86:11); mountains and how they are rooted (89:19); the bright sun and the moon that follows it (91:1-2); His is the Dominion of the heavens and earth (85:9), will we not then take heed?
The Qur’an is described as a revelation of spiritual guidance. Believers are advised to patiently persevere, and remain strong in what they believe. Judgement Day will be a terrifying experience: when ‘hearts will shake with fear and anxiety’ (79:8); ‘that Day shall a man flee from his brother, and from his mother and his father, and from his wife and his children’ (80:34-36); ‘the seas become as a blazing Fire’ (81:6); ‘when the graves are turned upside down’ (82:4); ‘the heaven is split asunder’ (84:1) and ‘mankind will be like moths scattered about’ (101:4).
Those who believe in the Message and do righteous deeds, such as prayer, fasting and giving charity, will be rewarded with Paradise which is described as a place where the believers recline on ‘thrones’ (83:23); drinking (non-intoxicating) wine that smells of musk (83:26); in ‘gardens under which rivers flow’ (85:11); ’cups set at hand, and cushions set in rows, and rich carpets (all) spread out’ (88:14-16).
Those who disbelieve in the Message are given the threat of torment and punishment. Hell in described in frightening detail as a place of ‘ambush’ (78:21); where the disbelievers in the Fire will ‘taste its burning’ (84:12); there they will neither die nor live (88:13); and be made to ‘drink from a boiling spring’ (88:5); and eat from a ‘poisonous thorny plant’ (88:6); the Fire will ‘leap up over their hearts’ (104:7) and ‘will be shut over them’ (90:20).
May Allah make us of those who are saved from the Hellfire and its torments, and of those who enter His Paradise swiftly. May He accept this study of His Glorious Qur’an as part of our worship of Him Alone, in all His Glory. Ameen.