What Surahs are included in the Twenty-ninth Juz’?
The twenty-ninth juz’ of the Quran begins with Surah Al-Mulk, and includes Surah Al-Qalam (The Pen), Surah Al-Haqqah (The Inevitable), Surah Al-Ma’arij (The ways of Ascent), Surah Nuh (Noah), Surah Al-Jinn (The Jin), Surah Al-Muzzammil (The One Wrapped in Garments), Surah Al-Muddaththir (The One Enveloped), Surah Al-Qiyamah (The Resurrection), Surah Al-Insan (Man) and Surah Mursalat (Those Sent Forth) in their entirety.
When were the ayat of this juz’ revealed?
Most of these short Surahs were revealed at the beginning of the Makkan period, when the Muslim community was small in number and in need of strengthening of faith.
From the Virtues of these Surahs
Imam Ahmad recorded from Abu Hurayrah that Allah’s Messenger, peace be upon him, said: “Verily, there is a chapter in the Qur’an which contains thirty Ayat that will intercede on behalf of its reciter until he is forgiven. It is: “Blessed be He in Whose Hand is the dominion.” (Surah Al Mulk)
At-Tabarani and Al-Hafiz Ad-Diya’ Al-Maqdisi both recorded from Anas that the Messenger of Allah said: “There is a chapter of the Qur’an that will argue on behalf of its reciter until it causes him to enter into Paradise. It is: “Blessed be He in Whose Hand is the dominion.” (Surah Al Mulk)
Al-Bukhari recorded from Abdullah – that is Ibn Mas’ud — that he said, “While we were with the Messenger of Allah in a cave at Mina, ‘By the Mursalat.’ was revealed to him. He was reciting it and I was learning it from his mouth. Verily, his mouth was moist with it when a snake leaped out at us. The Prophet said, ‘Kill it!’ So we quickly went after it, but it got away. Then the Prophet said: ‘It was saved from your harm just as you all were saved from its harm.”’ (Surah Al-Mursulat)
In a report from Malik on the authority of Ibn ‘Abbas, he narrated that Umm Al-Fadl (his mother) heard him (Ibn Abbas) reciting: ‘By the Mursalat’ so she said, “O my son! You reminded me with your recitation of this Surah. Verily, it is the last thing I heard from the Messenger of Allah . He recited it in the Maghrib prayer (i.e., before he died).” Both Al-Bukhari and Muslim recorded this report in the Two Sahihs by way of Malik. (Surah Al-Mursulat)
“Do you feel secure that He, Who is over the heaven (Allah), will not cause the earth to sink with you, and then it should quake? Or do you feel secure that He, Who is over the heaven (Allah) will not send against you a violent whirlwind? Then you shall know how (terrible) has been My Warning?” (Surah Al-Mulk 67:16-17)
“And verily, this (Qur’an) is a Reminder for the Muttaqun (pious). And verily, We know that there are some amongst you that deny (this Qur’an). And indeed it (this Qur’an) will be an anguish for the disbelievers (on the Day of Resurrection), And verily, it (this Qur’an) is an absolute Truth with certainty. So glorify the Name of your Lord, the Most Great.” (69:48-52)
“Verily, man was created very impatient; Irritable when evil touches him. Except those who are devoted to Salat (prayers); Those who remain constant in their Salat (prayers); And those in whose wealth there is a recognised right.” (Surah Al-Ma’arij 70:19-24)
“And remember the name of your Lord and devote yourself to Him with a complete devotion. (He Alone is) Lord of the East and the West; there is no god but He. So take Him Alone as your Disposer of your Affairs. And be patience (O Muhammad) with what they say, and keep away from them in a good way.” (Surah Al-Muzzammil 73:8-11)
“And they give food inspite of their love for it (or for the love of Him) to the Miskin (the poor), the orphan and the captive.” (Surah Al-Insan 76:8)
What are the main themes of this juz’?
The last two juz’ of the Qur’an mark a break from the previous sections. Each surah is shorter in length, dates mostly from the Makkan period, prior to the migration to Madinah, and focuses on the internal spiritual life of believers. There is very little discussion of practical matters of daily living, interacting with the larger community, or legal rulings. Rather, the focus is on strengthening one’s internal Faith in Allah, the Almighty.
The first Surah of this section is called Surah Al-Mulk which translates as ‘ The Dominion’, and as the hadith cited above states, the Prophet Muhammad, peace be upon him, told us that it would intercede on behalf of its reciter until they are forgiven. May Allah make us of those people, Ameen. He, peace be upon him, also urged his followers to recite this Surah each night before sleeping. Its message emphasizes the power of Allah, who created and maintains all things. Without the blessings and provisions of Allah, we would have nothing. Unbelievers are warned about the penalties of the Fire, awaiting those who reject faith.
Surah Al-Qalam gives the parable of the People of the Garden who felt pride in their gardens. They said they would pick fruits in the morning without saying ‘InshaAllah’ and that they would prevent the poor people from taking any fruits. Allah brought a fire that blackened their crops, and they realised the error of their ways. Such is the punishment (in this life), but truly, the punishment of the Hereafter is greater (68:17-33).
Surah Al-Haqqah speaks the inevitable Day of Resurrection, and the punishments that befell those who rejected the Message that was sent to them. The people of ‘Ad were destroyed by a violent wind, Fir’aun (Pharoah), the people of Lut (Lot) and the people of Nuh (Noah) were all overwhelmed.
Surah Al-Ma’arij reminds us about the torment that no-one can avert. On that Day the sky will be like the boiling filth of oil, the mountains will be like flakes of wool and no friend will ask about the other (70:8-10).
Surah Nuh tells of how the Prophet Nuh (Noah) peace be upon him, warned his people that they should worship Allah alone before the coming of a painful torment. But when he called them they thrust their fingers in their ears, and covered themselves in their garments magnifying their pride (71:7) so they were destroyed. Allah created us from the dust of the earth, and placed the seven heavens above one another with the moon and the sun as lamps. Do you not think He can bring you forth again on the day of Resurrection?
Surah Al-Jinn tells us of the incident when a group of Jinn heard the Prophet, peace and blessings of Allah be upon him, reciting Qur’an and became believers.
Surah Al-Muzzammil contains the command for the Prophet, peace and blessings be upon, to stand in the night prayer reciting Qur’an in a slow and pleasant style. Be patient with what others say, and keep away from them in a good way (73:10).
Surah Al-Muddaththir contain some of the earliest verses revealed to the Prophet, peace and blessings of Allah be upon him, after Surah Al-Alaq. He is called to arise and warn the people, to purify his garments, keep away from the idols and to be patient for the sake of his Lord. Those who deny the Message will be cast into the Fire (74:26).
In Surah Al-Qiyamah Allah reminds us of the Day of Reckoning when the sight will be dazed, and the sun and the moon will be joined togther. That Day there will be no refuge except with Allah. Man will be a witness against himself (75:14) and will be unable to make excuses.
Surah Al-Insan tells is how we were created Nutfah, mixed drops of male a female discharge, in order to try us. We were shown the way, whether we were grateful or ungrateful for it. The believers will be rewarded with Paradise, reclining on raised thrones in the shade with bunches of fruit and silver vessels, and the disbelievers will be recompensed with Hell with iron chains, iron collars and a blazing Fire.
In Surah Mursalat Allah testifies by the winds that blow violently and scatter clouds and rain, and by the Qur’an and the angels that bring the revelation, that the Promise of the Day of Judgement is true. That Day the stars will lose their light, the heavens will be cleft asunder, and the mountains will be blown away. Didn’t Allah destroy the people of civilisations past? Didn’t He create you from despised fluids? Then, woe to those who deny the Day of Resurrection.