What Surahs and ayat are included in the Fourteenth Juz’?
The Fourteenth Juz’ of Qur’an contains the Surah Al-Hijr (The Rocky Tract) and Surah An-Nahl (the Bees) in their entirety.
When were the ayat of this juz’ revealed?
Sura Al Hijr is the last of six Surahs that begin with Alif, Lam, Meem (10 to 15) all of which were revealed in the late Makkan period. Surah An-Nahl was also revealed during this time.
“[Iblis (Satan)] said: “O my Lord! Because You misled me, I shall indeed adorn the path of error for them (mankind) on the earth, and I shall mislead them all. Except your chosen (guided) slaves amongst them.” (Surah Al-Hijr 15:39-40)
“And say (O Muhammad): ‘I am indeed a plain warner.’” (Surah Al-Hijr 15:89)
“Therefore proclaim openly (Allah’s message) that which you are commanded, and turn away from Al-Mushrikun. Truly We will suffice you against the scoffers, Who set up along with Allah another ilah (god); but they will come to know. Indeed, We know that your breast is straitened at what they say. So glorify the praises of your Lord and be of those who prostrate themselves (to Him). And worship your Lord until there comes unto you certainty (i.e. death).” (Surah Al-Hijr 15:94-99)
“He it is Who sends down water (rain) from the sky; from it you drink and from it (grows) the vegetation on which you send your cattle to pasture. With it He causes to grow for you the crops, the olives the date palms, the grapes and every kind of fruit. Verily in this indeed are evident proof and a manifest sign for people who give thought.” (Surah An-Nahl 16:10-11)
“And verily, We have sent among every Ummah (community, nation) a Messenger (proclaiming): ‘Worship Allah (Alone), and avoid Taghut (all false deities).’ Then of them are some whom Allah guided and of them were some upon whom the straying was justified. So travel through the land and see what was the end of those who denied (the truth).” (Surah An-Nahl 16:36)
“And Allah has created you and then he will cause you to die; and of you there are some who are sent back to senility, so that they know nothing after having known (much). Truly, Allah is All-Knowing, All-Powerful.” (Surah An-Nahl 16:70)
What are the main themes of this juz’?
The main themes of Surah Al Hijr are warnings to those who reject the Message, and comfort and encouragement to the Prophet, peace and blessings of Allah be upon him. Never has a Messenger been sent but his people mocked him (15:11). The story is told of the creation of Adam, peace be upon him, from dried sounding clay and then Allah breathed into him the soul which He had created. Then He called the angels to prostrate themselves to Adam and they did, except Iblis (Satan) – he refused to be amongst the prostrators due to his arrogance (15:26-33). We are told of when the Prophet Ibrahim (Abraham), peace and blessings of Allah be upon him, had unexpected guests, who were in fact angels appearing in the form of men. They gave him the glad tidings of a son that would be born to him, possessing much knowledge and wisdom (15:53). The angels also visited the Prophet Lut (Lot), peace be upon him, bringing him the news of the destruction of his nation, and telling him to leave his city that night without looking back (15:65). The Dwellers of Al-Hijr, the Rocky Tract, used to carve their houses in the mountains to make themselves feel secure, but they too denied the Signs, and a painful torment overtook them in the early morning (15:83). In these stories are Signs and lessons for those who understand.
Surah An-Nahl highlights Allah’s Signs in His creation, animals, water, vegetation, the sun, the moon, the stars, the sea and the mountains, in all of these are Signs for those who understand. We will never be able to count the favours of Allah upon us (16:18). Those whose lives are taken while they were wronging themselves will suffer a painful punishment, whilst the pious will be rewarded with Paradise. The Message, proof of tawheed, the Oneness of Allah, is emphasised and shirk, making partners with Allah, refuted (16:36). Those who ascribe daughters to Allah, or lies and falsehoods are warned of the punishment of the Fire. Allah, all praises be to Him, tells us that inspired the bee to eat of all fruits, and that from their bellies comes a drink, varying in colour, wherein is healing for men, and in this are Signs for those who think (16:68-69). We are told that the matter of the Hour is but ‘as a twinkling of the eye, or even nearer’ (16:77), and that Allah is able to do all things. It is He who brought us forth from the wombs of our mothers and gave us hearing and sight and intelligence and affection that we might give thanks to Him. We are instructed to honour our oaths and fulfil the Covenant of Allah. Whoever believes and works righteousness will have the best of this life and the best of the Hereafter (16:97).