Surah Ibrahim Ayat 28-51 (end)

{28. Have you not seen those who have changed the blessings of Allah into disbelief (by denying Prophet Muhammad and his Message of Islam), and caused their people to dwell in the house of destruction? 

29. Hell, in which they will burn, – and what an evil place to settle in! 

30. And they set up rivals to Allah, to mislead (men) from His path! Say: “Enjoy (your brief life)! But certainly, your destination is the (Hell) Fire!”}

 

 

The Recompense of Those Who have changed the Blessings of Allah into Disbelief

Al-Bukhari said, “Allah’s statement, Have you not seen those who have changed the blessings of Allah into disbelief…, means, do you have knowledge in. Allah said in other Ayat, “Saw you not how.” and “Did you not think of those who went forth.” “A lost people” (25:18) Ali bin Abdullah narrated that Sufyan said that Amr said that Ata said that he heard Ibn Abbas saying that, “Have you not seen those who have changed the blessings of Allah into disbelief?” is in reference to the people of Makkah. (Fath Al-Bari 8:229)

Ibn Abu Hatim recorded that Abu At-Tufayl said that Ibn Al-Kawwa asked Ali about Allah’s statement, “those who have changed the blessings of Allah into disbelief, and caused their people to dwell in the house of destruction” and Ali said that it refers to the disbelievers of Quraysh on the day of Badr. (At-Tabari 17:6)

He also said that the blessing of Allah was faith that came to the polytheists of Quraysh, and they changed this blessing into disbelief and led their people to utter destruction. (Ibn Abi Hatim 12273) This includes all disbelievers, for Allah sent Muhammad as a mercy and a blessing to all mankind. Those who accepted this blessing and were thankful for it, will enter Paradise, while those who denied it and disbelieved in it, will enter the Fire.

Allah said next, “And they set up rivals to Allah, to mislead from His path!” meaning, they set up partners to Allah whom they worship besides Him and called the people to worship them. Allah threatened them and warned them by the words of His Prophet , “Say: “Enjoy (your brief life)! But certainly, your destination is the (Hell) Fire!’‘ ‘Whatever you are able to do in this life, then do it, for no matter what will happen, “But certainly, your destination is the (Hell) Fire!” for to Us will be your destination and end.’ Allah said in other Ayat, “We let them enjoy for a little while, then in the end We shall force them to (enter) a great torment.” (31:24) and, “(A brief) enjoyment in this world! And then unto Us will be their return, then We shall make them taste the severest torment because they used to disbelieve.” (10:70)

{31. Say to My servants who have believed, that they should perform the Salah, and spend (in charity) out of the sustenance We have given them, secretly and openly, before the coming of a Day on which there will be neither mutual bargaining nor befriending.}

 

The Command for Prayer and Charity

Allah orders His servants to obey Him, fulfill His rights and be kind to His creatures. He ordained the prayer, which affirms the worship of Allah alone, without partners, and to spend from the provisions that He has granted them, by paying the due Zakah, spending on relatives and being kind to all others. Establishing the prayer requires performing it on time, perfectly, preserving its act of bowing having humility during it, and preserving its prostrations. Allah has ordained spending from what He granted, in secret and public, so that the people save themselves, “before the coming of a Day”, the Day of Resurrection, “on which there will be neither mutual bargaining nor befriending.” on which no ransom will be accepted from anyone, if he seeks to buy himself. Allah said in another Ayah, “So this Day no ransom shall be taken from you, nor of those who disbelieved.” (57:15) Allah said here, “nor befriending.” Ibn Jarir commented, “Allah says that on that Day, there will be no friendship between friends that might save those deserving punishment from it. Rather, on that Day, there will be fairness and justice.” (At-Tabari 17:12)

Qatadah said, “Allah knows that in this life, there is mutual bargaining and there are friendships which people benefit from. A man chooses his friends and the reasons behind befriending them; if it was for Allah’s sake, their friendship should be maintained, but if it was for other than Allah, their friendship is bound to be cutoff.” (At-Tabari 17:12) I say that the meaning of this, is that Allah the Exalted is declaring that on that Day, no mutual bargaining or ransom will avail anyone, even if he ransoms himself with the earth’s fill of gold if he could find that amount! No friendship or intercession shall avail one if he meets Allah while a disbeliever. Allah the Exalted said, “And fear the Day when no person shall avail another, nor shall compensation be accepted from him, nor shall intercession be of use to him, nor shall they be helped.” (2:123) and, “O you believe! Spend of that with which We have provided for you, before a Day comes when there will be no bargaining, nor friendship, nor intercession. And it is the disbelievers who are the wrongdoers.” (2:254)

{32. Allah is He Who has created the heavens and the earth and sends down water (rain) from the sky, and thereby brought forth fruits as provision for you; and He has made the ships to be of service to you, that they may sail through the sea by His command; and He has made rivers (also) to be of service to you. 

33. And He has made the sun and the moon, both constantly pursuing their courses, to be of service to you; and He has made the night and the day to be of service to you. 

34. And He gave you of all that you asked for, and if you [try to] count the blessings of Allah, never will you be able to count them. Verily, man is indeed an extreme wrongdoer, ungrateful.}

 

Describing Some of Allah’s Tremendous Favours

Allah mentions some of the favours He has done for His creatures, such as creating the heavens as a protective ceiling and the earth as a bed. He also sends down rain from the sky and, in its aftermath brings forth a variety of vegetation, fruits and plants of different colors, shapes, tastes, scents and uses. Allah also made the ships sail on the surface of the water by His command and He made the sea able to carry these ships in order that travelers can transfer from one area to another to transport goods. Allah also created the rivers that flow through the earth from one area to another as provision for the servants which they use to drink and irrigate, and for other benefits, “And He has made the sun and the moon, both constantly pursuing their courses”, rotating by night and by day, “It is not for the sun to overtake the moon, nor does the night outstrip the day. They all float, each in an orbit.” (36:40) and, “He brings the night as a cover over the day, seeking it rapidly, and (He created) the sun, the moon, the stars subjected to His command. His is the creation and commandment. Blessed is Allah, the Lord of all that exists!” (7:54) The sun and the moon rotate in succession, and the night and the day are opposites, each taking from the length of the other or giving up some of its length, “(Allah ) merges the night into day, and merges the day into night.” (35:13) and, “And He has subjected the sun and the moon. Each running (on a fixed course) for an appointed term. Verily, He is the Almighty, the Oft-Forgiving.” (39:5)

Allah said next, “And He gave you of all that you asked for”, He has prepared for you all that you need in all conditions, and what you ask Him to provide for you, “and if you [try to] count the blessings of Allah, never will you be able to count them.” Allah states that the servants are never able to count His blessings, let alone thank Him duly for them. In Sahih Al-Bukhari it is recorded that the Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings of Allah be upon him, used to supplicate;

“O Allah ! All praise is due to You, without being able to sufficiently thank You, nor ever wish to be cutoff from You, nor ever feeling rich from relying on You; our Lord!” (Fath Al-Bari 9:493)

It was reported that Prophet Dawud, peace be upon him, used to say in his supplication, “O Lord! How can I ever duly thank You, when my thanking You is also a favor from You to me?” Allah the Exalted answered him, “Now, you have thanked Me sufficiently, O Dawud,” meaning, ‘when you admitted that you will never be able to duly thank Me.’

{35. And (remember) when Ibrahim said: “O my Lord! Make this city (Makkah) one of peace and security, and keep me and my sons away from worshipping idols. 

36. “O my Lord! They have indeed led astray many among mankind. But whoso follows me, he verily, is of me. And whoso disobeys me, still You are indeed Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful.}

 

Ibrahim’s Supplication to Allah when He brought Ismail to Makkah

Allah mentions here, while bringing forth more evidences against Arab polytheists, that the Sacred House in Makkah was established on the worship of Allah alone, without partners. He also states that Ibrahim, who establsihed the city, has disowned those who worship others besides Allah, and that he begged Allah to make Makkah peaceful and secure,“O my Lord! Make this city (Makkah) of peace and security” and Allah accepted his supplication. Allah said in other Ayat, “Have they not seen that We have made (Makkah) a secure sanctuary.” (29:67) and, “Verily, the first House (of worship) appointed for mankind was that at Bakkah (Makkah), full of blessing, and a guidance for Al-‘Alamin. In it are manifest signs, the Maqam of Ibrahim; whosoever enters it, he attains security.” (3:96) Allah said here that Ibrahim supplicated, “O my Lord! Make this city (Makkah) a of peace and security,” saying, “this city”, after he established it, and this is why he said afterwards, “All praise is due to Allah, Who has given me in old age Isma`il and Ishaq.” (14:39)

It is well-known that Ismail was thirteen years older than Ishaq. When Ibrahim took Ismail and his mother to Makkah, while Ismail was still young enough to nurse, he supplicated to Allah, “O my Lord! Make this city (Makkah) a place of peace and security.” (2:126) as we in explained in Surat Al-Baqarah. Ibrahim then said, “and keep me and my sons away from worshipping idols.” It is proper for whoever supplicates to Allah to also ask for the benefit of his parents and offspring, as well as himself. Ibrahim next mentioned that many among mankind were led astray because of idols, and he disowned those who worship them and referred their matter to Allah; if Allah wills, He will punish them, and if He wills, He will forgive them. Isa, peace be upon him, said similar words, “If You punish them, they are Your servants, and if You forgive them, verily, You, only You are the Almighty, the All-Wise.” (5:118) This supplication refers this and all matters to Allah, not that it is actually going to happen. Abdullah bin Amr narrated that the Messenger of Allah recited Ibrahim’s supplication, “O my Lord! They have indeed led astray many among mankind.”, and the supplication of Isa, “If You punish them, they are Your servants.” (5:118) then raised his hands and said, “O Allah, Save my Ummah! O, Allah, Save my Ummah! O, Allah, Save my Ummah!” and cried. Allah said to the angel Jibril, “O Jibril, go to Muhammad, and Your Lord has more knowledge, and ask him what makes him cry.” Jibril came to the Prophet and asked him, and he repeated to him what he said “in his supplication”. Allah said, “Go to Muhammad and tell him this; ‘We will make you pleased with your Ummah, O Muhammad, and will not treat them in a way you dislike.” (Muslim 1:191)

{37. “O our Lord! I have made some of my offspring dwell in an uncultivable valley by Your Sacred House in order, O our Lord, that they may perform Salah. So fill some hearts among men with love towards them, and (O Allah) provide them with fruits so that they may give thanks.}

This Ayah indicates that this was different supplication than the first one that Ibrahim said when he left Hajar and her son Ismail in Makkah, before the Sacred House was built. (See Al-Bukhari 3364) This prayer, it appears, was said after the House was built, begging Allah and seeking His favor, and He is the Exalted and Most Honored. Ibrahim said here, “by Your Sacred House…” then he, “O our Lord, that they may perform Salah.” Ibn Jarir At-Tabari commented that this, “Refers to his earlier statement, “the Sacred…”,” meaning, ‘You have made this House Sacred so that people establish the prayer next to it,’ “So fill some hearts among men with love towards them”

Ibn Abbas, Mujahid and Sa’id bin Jubayr said, “Had Ibrahim said, ‘The hearts of mankind’, Persians, Romans, the Jews, the Christians and all other people would have gathered around it.” (At-Tabari 17:25-26) However, Ibrahim said, (among men), thus making it exclusive to Muslims only. He said next, “and (O Allah) provide them with fruits” in order that they may be helped in obeying You, and because this is a barren valley; bring to them fruits that they might eat. Allah accepted Ibrahim’s supplication, “Have We not established for them a secure sanctuary (Makkah), to which are brought fruits of all kinds, a provision from Ourselves.” (28:57)

This only indicates Allah’s compassion, kindness, mercy and blessing, in that there are no fruit producing trees in the Sacred City, Makkah, yet all kinds of fruits are being brought to it from all around; this is how Allah accepted the supplication of the Khalil – Allah’s intimate friend, Prophet Ibrahim, peace be upon him.

{38. “O our Lord! Certainly, You know what we conceal and what we reveal. Nothing on the earth or in the heaven is hidden from Allah.” 

39. “All praise is due to Allah, Who has given me in old age Isma’il and Ishaq. Verily, my Lord is indeed the All-Hearer of invocations.” 

40. “O my Lord! Make me one who performs Salah, and (also) from my offspring, our Lord! And accept my invocation.” 

41. “Our Lord! Forgive me and my parents, and (all) the believers on the Day when the reckoning will be established.”}

Ibn Jarir At-Tabari said, “Allah said that Ibrahim, His Khalil, said, “O our Lord! Certainly, You know what we conceal and what we reveal.” meaning, ‘You know the intention behind my supplication for the people of this town, seeking Your pleasure in sincerity to You. You know all things, apparent and hidden, and nothing escapes Your knowledge on the earth or in heaven.”’ He next praised and thanked his Lord the Exalted and Most Honored for granting him offspring after he became old, “All praise is due to Allah, Who has given me in old age Isma’il (Ishmael) and Ishaq (Isaac). Verily, my Lord is indeed the All-Hearer of invocations.” ‘He accepts the supplication of those who invoke Him, and has accepted my invocation when I asked Him to grant me offspring.’ Ibrahim said next, “O my Lord! Make me one who performs Salah,” preserving its obligations and limits, “and (also) from my offspring,” make them among those who establish the prayer, as well, “our Lord! And accept my invocation.”, all of my invocation which I invoked You with herein, “Our Lord! Forgive me and my parents,” Ibrahim said this before he declared himself innocent from his father, after he became sure that he was an enemy of Allah “and the believers”, all of them, “on the Day when the reckoning will be established.” on the Day when You will reckon Your servants and recompense or reward them for their deeds – good for good and evil for evil.

{42. Consider not that Allah is unaware of that which the wrongdoers do, but He gives them respite up to a Day when the eyes will stare in horror.

 43. (They will be) hastening forward with necks outstretched, their heads raised up (towards the sky), their gaze returning not towards them and their hearts empty.}

 

Allah gives Respite to the Disbelievers and is never unaware of what They do

Allah says, ‘O Muhammad, do not think that Allah is unaware of what the unjust disbelievers do. Do not think because Allah gave them respite and delayed their punishment that He is unaware or ignoring punishing them for what they do. Rather, Allah keeps full account of this for them and keeps it on record against them, “but He gives them respite up to a Day when the eyes will stare in horror.” from the horror of the Day of Resurrection.’ Allah next mentions how they will all be raised up from their graves and hurriedly gathered for the Day of Gathering, “hastening forward”, in a hurry. Allah said in other Ayat, “Hastening towards the caller.” (54:8) “And (all) faces shall be humbled before the Ever Living, the Sustainer.” (20:111) Allah said: another Ayah “The Day when they will come out of the graves quickly.” (70:43) Allah said next, “with necks outstretched” meaning, raising their heads up, according to Ibn Abbas, Mujahid and several others. (At-Tabari 17:31-32) Allah said next, “their gaze returning not towards them” meaning, their eyes are staring in confusion, trying not to blink because of the horror and tremendous insights they are experiencing, and fear of what is going to strike them, we seek refuge with Allah from this end. This is why Allah said, “and their hearts empty.” meaning, their hearts are empty due to extreme fear and fright. Qatadah and several others said that the places of their hearts are empty then, because the hearts will ascend to the throats due to extreme fear. (At-Tabari 17:34) Allah said next to His Messenger, peace and blessings of Allah be upon him,

{44. And warn mankind of the Day when the torment will come unto them; then the wrongdoers will say: “Our Lord! Respite us for a little while, we will answer Your call and follow the Messengers!” (It will be said:) “Had you not sworn aforetime that you would not leave (the world for the Hereafter).” 

45.”And you dwelt in the dwellings of men who wronged themselves, and it was clear to you how We dealt with them. And We put forth (many) parables for you.” 

46. Indeed, they planned their plot, and their plot was with Allah, though their plot was not such as to remove the mountains from their places.}

 

There will be no Respite after the Coming of the Torment

Allah mentions what those who committed injustice against themselves will say when they witness the torment, “Our Lord! Respite us for a little while, we will answer Your call and follow the Messengers!” Allah said in other Ayat, “Until, when death comes to one of them, he says: “My Lord! Send me back.” (23:99) and, “O you who believe! Let not your properties divert you.” (63:9-10) Allah described the condition of the wrongdoers on the Day of Gathering, when He said, “And if you only could see when the criminals shall hang their heads.” (32:12), “If you could but see when they will be held over the Fire! They will say: “Would that we were but sent back (to the world)! Then we would not deny the Ayat of Our Lord. ..”!” (6:27) and, “Therein they will cry.” (35:27) Allah refuted their statement here, “Had you not sworn aforetime that you would not leave.” Allah says, ‘Had you not vowed before, that your previous state will not change, that there will be no Resurrection or Reckoning Therefore, taste this torment because of what you vowed before.’ Mujahid commented that, “that you would not leave.” refers to leaving this worldly life to the Hereafter. (At-Tabari 17:36) Allah also said, “And they swear by Allah with their strongest oaths, that Allah will not raise up him who dies.” (16:38)Allah said next, “And you dwelt in the dwellings of men who wronged themselves, and it was clear to you how We had dealt with them. And We put forth (many) parables for you.”

Allah says, ‘you have witnessed or heard of the news of what happened to the earlier disbelieving nations, but you did not draw a lesson from their end, nor did what We punished them with provide an example for you,’ “Perfect wisdom but the warners benefit then not.” (54:5) Shubah narrated that Abu Ishaq said that Abdur-Rahman bin Dabil said that Ali bin Abi Talib commented on Allah’s statement, “though their plot was not such as to remove the mountains from their places.” “He who disputed with Ibrahim about his Lord, took two eaglets and raised them until they became adult eagels. Then he tied each eagel’s leg to a wooden box with ropes and left them go hungry. He and another man sat inside the wooden box and raised a staff with a piece of meat on its tip. So, the two eagles started flying. The king asked his companion to tell him what he was seeing, and he described the scenes to him, until he said that he saw the earth as a fly. So, the king brought the staff closer to the eagels and they started landing slowly. This is why Allah said, ‘though their plot was hardly one to remove the mountains from their places.”’ (At-Tabari 17:39)

Mujahid also mentioned that this story was about Nebuchadnezzar, and that when the king’s sight was far away from earth and its people, he was called, ‘O tyrant one! Where are you headed to’ He became afraid and brought the staff closer to the eagels, which flew faster with such haste that the mountains almost shook from the noise they made. The mountains were almost moved from their places, so Allah said, “though their plot was not such as to remove the mountains from their places.” (At-Tabari 17:39)

Ibn Jurayj narrated that Mujahid recited this Ayah in a way that means, “though their plot was such as to remove the mountains from their places.”

However, Al-Awfi reported that Ibn Abbas said that, “though their plot was not such as to remove the mountains from their places.” indicates that their plot was not such as to remove the mountains from their places. Similar was said by Al-Hasan Al-Basri. Ibn Jarir reasoned that, “Associating others with Allah and disbelieving in Him, which they brought upon themselves, did not bother the mountains nor other creatures. Rather, the harm of their actions came to haunt them.” I (Ibn Kathir) said, this meaning is similar to Allah’s statement, “And walk not on the earth with conceit and arrogance. Verily, you can neither rend nor penetrate the earth, nor can you attain a stature like the mountains in height.” (17:37)

There is another way of explaining this Ayah; Ali bin Abi Talhah reported that Ibn Abbas said that, “though their plot was not such as to remove the mountains from their places.” refers to their Shirk, for Allah said in another Ayah, “Whereby the heavens are almost torn.” (At-Tabari 17:41) (19:90) Ad-Dahhak and Qatadah said similarly. (At-Tabari 17:41)

{47. So think not that Allah will fail to keep His promise to His Messengers. Certainly, Allah is All-Mighty, All-Able of Retribution. 

48. On the Day when the earth will be changed to another earth and so will be the heavens, and they (all creatures) will appear before Allah, the One, the Irresistible.}

 

Allah never breaks a Promise

Allah affirms His promise “So think not that Allah will fail to keep His promise to His Messengers.” His promise to grant them victory in this life and on the Day when the Witnesses shall come forth. Allah affirms that He is All-Able and that nothing He wills escapes His power and none can resist Him. Allah affirms that He is Able to exact retribution from those who disbelieve in Him and deny Him, “Woe that Day to the deniers!” (77:15)

Allah said here, “On the Day when the earth will be changed to another earth and so will be the heavens” meaning, His promise shall come to pass on the Day when the earth will be changed to an earth other than this earth that we know and recognize. It is recorded in the Two Sahihs that Sahl bin Sad said that the Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings of Allah be upon him, said,

“On the Day of Resurrection, the people will be gathered on a white (barren), flat earth just like the wheat bread, it has no recognisable features for anyone.” (Fath Al-Bari 11:379)

Imam Ahmad recorded that A’ishah said, “I was the first among all people who asked the Messenger of Allah about this Ayah, ”On the Day when the earth will be changed to another earth and so will be the heavens,” saying, ‘O Allah’s Messenger! Where will the people be then?’ He said,

“On the Sirat.” (Ahmad 6:35) [Sirat originally means ‘a road’ it also means the bridge laid across the Hellfire for the people to pass over on the Day of Judgement. It is described as sharper than a sword and thinner than a hair. It will have hooks over it to snatch the people.]

Muslim (Muslim 4:2150), but not Al-Bukhari, collected this Hadith. At-Tirmidhi and Ibn Majah also recorded it, and At-Tirmidhi said “Hasan Sahih”.  Imam Muslim bin Al-Hajjaj recorded in his Sahih that Thawban the servant of the Messenger of Allah said, “I was standing next to the Messenger of Allah when a Jewish rabbi came to him and said, ‘Peace be to you, O Muhammad.’ I pushed him with such a force that almost caused him to fall down and he asked me why I did that. I said, ‘Why did you not say, ‘O Messenger of Allah’?’ The Jew said, ‘We call him by the name which his family gave him.’ The Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings of Allah be upon him, said,

“Muhammad is indeed the name which my family gave me.”

The Jew said, ‘I came to ask you about something.’ The Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings of Allah be upon him, replied,

“Would it benefit you if I replied to your question?”

He said, ‘I will hear it with my ear.’ The Messenger of Allah poked the ground with a staff he had and said, “Ask.” The Jew said, ‘Where will the people be when the earth will be changed to another earth and so will the heavens?’ The Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings of Allah be upon him, said,

“In the darkness before the Bridge (Jasr).”

He asked, ‘Who will be the first to pass it?’ He said,

“The poor emigrants (Muhajirin).”

He asked, ‘What will their (refreshment) be when they enter Paradise?’ He said,

“The caul of fish liver.”

He asked, ‘What will they have after that?’ He said,

“A bull of Paradise which grazed through its pathways will be slaughtered for them.”

He asked, ‘From what will they drink?’ He said,

“From a fountain whose name is Salsabil.”

He said, ‘You have said the truth. I have come to ask you something about which none of the inhabitants of the earth knows, with the exception of a Prophet or one or two other men.’ He said,

“Would you benefit by me informing you about it?”

He replied, ‘I would listen. I have come to ask you about the child.’ He said,

“The fluid of the man is white, and the woman’s is yellow. When they meet, if the discharge of the man is greater than that of the woman, then it becomes a male, by Allah’s permission. When the womans discharge is greater than the man’s, it becomes a female by Allah’s permission.”

The Jew said, ‘You have told the truth and are indeed a Prophet.’ Then he left. So Allah’s Messenger, peace and blessings of Allah be upon him said;

“He asked me such things that I had no knowledge of it until Allah gave it to me.” (Muslim no 315)

Allah said next, “and they will appear before Allah”, describing when the creatures will be resurrected before Allah from their graves, “the One, the Irresistible.” Who has full power and control over all things and to Whom the necks and minds are subservient.

{49. And you will see the criminals that Day, Muqarranun (bound together) in fetters. 

50. Their garments will be of Qatiran (tar), and fire will cover their faces. 

51. That Allah may requite each person according to what he has earned. Truly, Allah is swift at reckoning.}

 

The Condition of the criminals on the Day of Resurrection

Allah said, “On the Day when the earth will be changed to another earth and so will be the heavens” ‘and the creations will be brought before their Lord, and you, O Muhammad, will witness the criminals who committed the crimes of Kufr and mischief,’ (Muqarranin) bound together, each with his or her like, just as Allah said, “Assemble those who did wrong, together with their companions.” (37:22) “And when the souls are joined with their bodies.” (81:7), “And when they shall be thrown into a narrow place thereof, chained together, they will exclaim therein for destruction.” (25:13) and, “And also the Shayatin from the Jinn (including) every kind of builder and diver, and also others bound in fetters.” (38:37-38) Allah said next, “Their garments will be of Qatiran (pitch)” that is used to coat camels. Qatadah commented that Qatiran (tar) is one of the fastest objects to catch fire. Ibn Abbas used to say that the Qatiran, mentioned in the Ayah, is dissolved lead. (At-Tabari 17:56) It is possible that this Ayah reads as: (سَرَابِيلُهُمْ مِنْ قَطِرٍآنٍ) refering to heated lead that has reached tremendous heat, according to Mujahid, Ikrimah, Sa’id bin Jubayr Al-Hasan and Qatadah. (At-Tabari 17:55-56) Allah said next, “and fire will cover their faces”, which is similar to His other statement, “The Fire will burn their faces, and therein they will grin, with displaced lips.” (23:104)

Imam Ahmad recorded that Yahya bin Abi Ishaq said that Aban bin Yazid said that Yahya bin Abi Kathir said that Zayd bin Abi Salam said that Abu Malik Al-Ashari said that the Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings of Allah be upon him, said,

“Four characteristics from the time of Jahiliyyah will remain in my Ummah, since they will not abandon them: boasting about their family lineage, discrediting family ties, seeking rain through the stars, and wailing for their dead. Verily, if she who wails, dies before she repents from her behavior, she will be resurrected on the Day of Resurrection while wearing a dress of Qatiran and a cloak of mange.” (Ahmad 5:342) 

Muslim collected this Hadith. (Muslim 2:644) Allah said next, “That Allah may requite each person according to what he has earned.” meaning, on the Day of Resurrection. Allah said in another Ayah, “That He may requite those who do evil with that which they have done.” (53:31) Allah said here, “Truly, Allah is swift at reckoning.” when He wills to reckon a servants of His, for He knows everything and nothing ever escapes His observation. Verily, His power over all of His creation is the same as His power over one creature, “The creation of you all and the resurrection of you all are only as a single person.” (31:28) And this is why Mujahid said, “swift at reckoning”, means “keeping count.”

{52. This (Qur’an) is a Message for mankind (and a clear proof against them), in order that they may be warned thereby, and that they may know that He is the only One God and that men of understanding may take heed.}

Allah states that this Qur’an is a Message for mankind, “(So) that I may therewith warn you and whomsoever it may reach.” (6:19) This Qur’an is for all mankind and the Jinns, just as Allah said in the beginning of this Surah, “Alif-Lam-Ra. (This is) a Book which We have revealed unto you in order that you might lead mankind out of darkness into light.” (14:1) Allah said next, “in order that they may be warned thereby”, or to receive and draw lessons from it “and that they may know that He is the only One God) using its proofs and evidences that testify that there is no true deity except Allah, (and that men of understanding may take heed.” meaning those who have good minds. This is the end of the Tafsir of Surah Ibrahim, and all praise is due to Allah.

Tafsir Ibn Kathir (Abridged) Vol 5 Pages 351-377

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One Response to Surah Ibrahim Ayat 28-51 (end)

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