Surah Ibrahim Ayat 18-27

{18. The parable of those who disbelieved in their Lord is that their works are as ashes, on which the wind blows furiously on a stormy day; they shall not be able to get aught of what they have earned. That is the straying, far away (from the right path)}

A Parable for the Deeds of the Disbelievers

This is a parable that Allah has given for the deeds and actions of the disbelievers who worshipped others besides Him and rejected His Messengers, thus building their acts on groundless basis. Their actions vanished from them when they were most in need of their rewards. Allah said, “The parable of those who disbelieved in their Lord is that their works” on the Day of Judgment, when they will seek their rewards from Allah the Exalted. They used to think that they had something, but they will find nothing, except what remains of ashes when a strong wind blows on it, “on a stormy day” They will not earn rewards for any of the good works they performed during this life, except what they can preserve of ashes during a day of strong wind. Allah said in other Ayat, “And We shall turn to whatever deeds they did, and We shall make such deeds as scattered floating particles of dust.” (25:23), “The parable of what they spend in this world is that of a wind which is extremely cold; it struck the harvest of a people who did wrong against themselves and destroyed it. Allah wronged them not, but they wronged themselves.” (3:117),and, “O you who believe! Do not render in vain your Sadaqah (charity) by reminders of your generosity or by injury, like him who spends his wealth to be seen of men, and he does not believe in Allah, nor in the Last Day. His parable is that of a smooth rock on which is a little dust; on it falls heavy rain which leaves it bare. They are not able to do anything with what they have earned. And Allah does not guide the disbelieving people.” (2:264) Allah said in this Ayah, “That is the straying, far away from the right path” meaning, their work and deeds were not based on firm, correct grounds, and thus, they lost their rewards when they needed them the most, “That is the straying, far away from the right path.”

{19. Do you not see that Allah has created the heavens and the earth with truth If He wills, He can remove you and bring (in your place) a new creation! 

20. And for Allah that is not hard or difficult.}

 

Proof that Resurrection occurs after Death

Allah affirms His ability to resurrect the bodies on the Day of Resurrection, stating that He has created the heavens and earth which are stronger than the creation of man. Is it not He Who is able to create the heavens, high, wide and strongly built, which include in them the planets and stars and the various heavenly objects and clear signs? Is it not He Who created this earth with all what it contains of land, valleys, mountains, deserts, green fields, barren lands, seas and various shapes, benefits, species and colors of trees, plants and animals? “Do they not see that Allah, Who created the heavens and the earth, and was not wearied by their creation, is able to give life to the dead? Yes, He surely, is able to do all things.” (46:33), “Does not man see that We have created him from Nutfah (drop of sperm). Yet behold he (stands forth) as an open opponent. And he puts forth for Us a parable, and forgets his own creation, He says: “Who will give life to these bones after they are rotten and have become dust?”, Say: “He will give life to them Who created them for the first time! And He is the All-Knower of every creation!” He Who produces for you fire out of the green tree, when behold you kindle therewith. Is not He Who created the heavens and the earth, able to create the like of them? Yes, indeed! He is the All-Knowing Supreme Creator. Verily, His command, when He intends a thing, is only that He says to it, “Be!” – and it is! So glorified is He and exalted above all that they associate with Him, and in Whose Hands is the dominion of all things: and to Him you shall be returned.” (36:77-83)

Allah’s statement, “If He wills, He can remove you and bring (in your place) a new creation! And for Allah that is not hard or difficult.” means, it is not hard or impossible for Allah to do that. Rather, it is easy for Him, that if you defy His order, He takes you away and brings in your place another creation who is unlike you. Allah said in other Ayat, “O mankind! It is you who stand in need of Allah. But Allah is Rich, Worthy of all praise. If He willed, He could destroy you and bring about a new creation. And that is not hard for Allah.” (35:15-17) “And if you turn away, He will exchange you for some other people and they will not be your likes.” (47:38) “O you who believe! Whoever from among you turns back from his religion, Allah will bring a people whom He will love and they will love Him.” (5:54) and, “If He wills, He can take you away, O people, and bring others. And Allah is Ever All-Potent over that.” (4:133)

{21. And they all shall appear before Allah; then the weak will say to those who were arrogant: “Verily, we were following you; can you avail us anything against Allah’s torment?” They will say: “Had Allah guided us, we would have guided you. It makes no difference to us (now) whether we rage, or bear (these torments) with patience; there is no place of refuge for us.”}

 

Disbelieving Chiefs and Their Followers will dispute in the Fire

Allah said, “And they shall appear” meaning, all the creatures, the wicked and the righteous among them, will appear before Allah the One, the Irresistible. They will be gathered on a flat plain that does not have anything those present could use for cover, “then the weak will say” the followers who used to obey their chiefs, leaders and notables will say, “to those who were arrogant” who rebelled against worshipping Allah alone without partners and obeying the Messengers, “Verily, we were following you”, we obeyed your orders and implemented them, “can you avail us anything against Allah’s torment” They will ask, ‘Can you prevent any of Allah’s torment from striking us as you used to promise and vow to us?’ The leaders will say in response, “Had Allah guided us, we would have guided you.” but the statement of our Lord shall come to pass concerning us, and the destiny that He has appointed for us and you shall come true; the word of punishment shall befall the disbelievers, “It makes no difference to us (now) whether we rage, or bear (these torments) with patience; there is no place of refuge for us.” we have no means of escape from what we are in, whether we face it with patience or grief.’ I (Ibn Kathir) say that it appears that this conversation will occur in the Fire after they enter it, just as Allah said in other Ayat, “And, when they will dispute in the Fire, the weak will say to those who were arrogant: “Verily, we followed you, can you then take from us some portion of the Fire” Those who were arrogant will say: “We are all (together) in this (Fire)! Verily, Allah has judged between (His) servants!” (40:47-48), “(Allah) will say: “Enter you in the company of nations who passed away before you, of men and Jinn, into the Fire.” Every time a new nation enters, it curses its sister nation (that went before) until they will be gathered all together in the Fire. The last of them will say to the first of them: “Our Lord! These misled us, so give them a double torment of the Fire.” He will say: “For each one there is double (torment), but you know not.” The first of them will say to the last of them: “You were not better than us, so taste the torment for what you used to earn.” (7:38-39), and, “Our Lord! Verily, we obeyed our chiefs and our great ones, and they misled us from the (right) way. Our Lord! Give them a double torment and curse them with a mighty curse!” (33:67-68)

Disbelievers will also dispute on the Day of Gathering, “But if you could see when the wrongdoers will be made to stand before their Lord, how they will cast the (blaming) word one to another! Those who were deemed weak will say to those who were arrogant: “Had it not been for you, we certainly have been believers!” And those who were arrogant will say to those who were deemed weak: “Did we keep you back from guidance after it had come to you Nay, but you were wrongdoers.” Those who were deemed weak will say to those who were arrogant: “Nay, but it was your plotting by night and day: when you ordered us to disbelieve in Allah and set up rivals to Him!” And We shall put iron collars round the necks of those who disbelieved. Are they requited aught except what they used to do” (34:31-33)

{22. And Shaytan will say when the matter has been decided: “Verily, Allah promised you a promise of truth. And I too promised you, but I betrayed you. I had no authority over you except that I called you, and you responded to me. So blame me not, but blame yourselves. I cannot help you, nor can you help me. I deny your former act in associating me (Shaytan) as a partner with Allah (by obeying me in the life of the world). Verily, there is a painful torment for the wrongdoers.” 

23. And those who believed and did righteous deeds, will be made to enter Gardens under which rivers flow, – to dwell therein for ever (i.e. in Paradise) with the permission of their Lord. Their greeting therein will be: “Salam (peace!)”}

 

Shaytan disowns His Followers on the Day of Resurrection

Allah narrates to us what Iblis will say to his followers after Allah finishes with the judgement between His servants, sending the believers to the gardens of Paradise and the disbelievers to the lows “of the Fire”. Iblis, may Allah curse him, will stand and address the latter, in order to add depression to their depression, sorrow to their sorrow and grief to their grief. He will declare, “Verily, Allah promised you a promise of truth.” by the words of His Messengers that if you follow them, you will gain safety and deliverance. Truly, Allah’s promise was true and correct news, while I promised you then betrayed you.’ Allah said in another Ayah, “He (Shaytan) makes promises to them, and arouses in them false desires; and Shaytan’s promises are nothing but deceptions.” (4:120) “I had no authority over you” Shaytan will say, ‘I had no proof for what I called you to, nor evidence for what I promised you, “except that I called you, and you responded to me” even though the Messengers establish the proof and unequivocal evidences against you and affirmed the truth of what they were sent to you with. But you disobeyed the Messengers and ended up earning this fate, “So blame me not” today, “but blame yourselves.”, because it is your fault for defying the proofs and following me in the falsehood that I called you to.’

Shaytan will say next, “I cannot help you”, I cannot benefit, save, or deliver you from what you are suffering, “nor can you help me.”, nor can you save me and deliver me from the torment and punishment I am suffering, “I deny your former act of associating me (Shaytan) as a partner with Allah.” or because you associated me with Allah before,’ according to Qatadah. (At-Tabari 16:564) Ibn Jarir commented; “I deny being a partner with Allah, the Exalted and Most Honored.” (At-Tabari 16:561) This opinion is the most plausible, for Allah said in other Ayat, “And who is more astray than one who calls on others besides Allah, such as will not answer him till the Day of Resurrection, and who are (even) unaware of their calls to them And when mankind are gathered, they will become their enemies and will deny their worshipping.” (46:5-6) and, “Nay, but they (the so-called gods) will deny their worship of them, and become opponents to them.” (19:82) Allah said next, “Verily, the wrongdoers”, who deviate from truth and follow falsehood, will earn a painful torment. It appears that this part of the Ayah narrates the speech that Shaytan will deliver to the people of the Fire after they enter it, as we stated. Amir Ash-Shabi said, “On the Day of Resurrection, two speakers will address the people. Allah the Exalted will say to Isa, son of Maryam,  “Did you say unto men: “Worship me and my mother as two gods besides Allah” (5:116) until, “Allah will say: “This is a Day on which the truthful will profit from their truth.” (5:119) Shaytan, may Allah curse him, will stand and address the people, “I had no authority over you except that I called you, and you responded to me.” (At-Tabari 16:562)

Allah next mentioned the final destination of the miserable ones, who earned the disgrace and torment and having to listen to Shaytan address them, then He mentioned the final destination of the happy ones, “And those who believed and did righteous deeds, will be made to enter Gardens under which rivers flow” wherever they wish them to flow and wherever they may be, “to dwell therein for ever” and will never transfer or be transferred from it, “with the permission of their Lord. Their greeting therein will be: “Salam (peace!). ” Allah said in other Ayat, “Till, when they reach it, and its gates will be opened and its keepers will say: “Salamun Alaykum (peace be upon you!)” (39:73) “And angels shall enter unto them from every gate (saying): “Salamun Alaykum (peace be upon you!).” (13:23-24) “Therein they shall be met with greetings and the word of peace and respect.” (25:75) “Their way of request therein will be Subhanaka Allahumma (glory to you, O Allah) and Salam (peace!) will be their greetings therein (Paradise)! And the close of their request will be: Al-Hamdu Lillahi Rabbil-‘Alamin [all praise to Allah the Lord of that exists].” (10:10)

{24. See you not how Allah sets forth a parable? A goodly word as a goodly tree, whose root is firmly fixed, and its branches (reach) to the sky. 

25. Giving its fruit at all times, by the leave of its Lord, and Allah sets forth parables for mankind in order that they may remember. 

26. And the parable of an evil word is that of an evil tree uprooted from the surface of earth, having no stability.}

 

The Parable of the Word of Islam and the Word of Kufr

Ali bin Abi Talhah reported that Abdullah bin Abbas commented that Allah’s statement, “a parable: a goodly word”, refers to testifying to La ilaha illallah, (none has the right to be worshipped but Allah) while, “as a goodly tree”, refers to the believer, and that, “whose root is firmly fixed”, indicates that La ilaha illallah, “none has the right to be worshipped but Allah” is firm in the believers’ heart, “and its branches (reach) to the sky.” with which the believer’s works are ascended to heaven. (At-Tabari 16:567) Similar is said by Ad-Dahhak, Sa’id bin Jubayr, Ikrimah, Mujahid and several others. (At-Tabari 16:572-573) They stated that this parable describes the believer’s deeds, good statements and good actions. The believer is just like the beneficial date tree, always having good actions ascending at all times, by day and by night.

Al-Bukhari recorded that Abdullah bin Umar said, “We were with the Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings of Allah be upon him, when he asked,

“Tell me about a tree that resembles the Muslim, the leaves of which do not fall in summer or winter and gives its fruit at all times by the leave of its Lord.”

Ibn Umar said, “I thought of the date palm tree, but felt shy to answer when I saw that Abu Bakr and Umar did not talk. When they did not give an answer, the Messenger of Allahpeace and blessings of Allah be upon him, said,

“It is the date palm tree.”

When we departed, I said to Umar, ‘My father, by Allah! I thought that it was the date tree.’ He said, ‘Why did you not speak then?’ I said, ‘I saw you were silent and I felt shy to say anything.’ Umar said, ‘Had you said it, it would have been more precious to me than such things (i.e., would have been very precious to me)”’ (Fath Al-Bari 8:228)

Abdullah bin Abbas said that, “as a goodly tree”, is a tree in Paradise. (At-Tabari 16:573) Allah said next, “Giving its fruit at all times” It is said that it means by day and by night. And they say that describes the believer as a tree that always has fruits during summer and winter, by night and by day. This is the parable of the believer whose good works ascend to heaven by day and by night and at all times, “by the leave of its Lord,” thus earning perfection and becoming beneficial, plentiful, pure and blessed, “and Allah sets forth parables for mankind in order that they may remember.” Allah said next, “And the parable of an evil word is that of an evil tree” describing the disbelief of the disbeliever, for it has no basis or stability. It is similar to the colocynth tree (a very bitter, unscented plant) which is also called, Ash-Shiryan’. Shubah narrated that Muawiyah bin Abi Qurrah narrated that Anas bin Malik said that it is the colocynth tree. (At-Tabari 16:569) Allah said, “uprooted”, meaning, was cutoff from the root, “from the surface of earth, having no stability.” therefore, existing without basis or stabililty, just like Kufr (disbelief), for it does not have a basis or roots. Surely, the works of the disbelievers will never ascend nor will any of them be accepted.

{27. Allah will keep firm those who believe, with the word that stands firm in this world, and in the Hereafter. And Allah will cause the wrongdoers to go astray, and Allah does what He wills.}

 

Allah keeps the believers Firm in This Life and in the Hereafter with a Word that stands Firm

Al-Bukhari recorded that Al-Bara bin Azib, may Allah be pleased with him, said that the Messenger of Allahpeace and blessings of Allah be upon him, said,

“When the Muslim is questioned in the grave, he will testify that, ‘La ilaha illallah’, and that Muhammad is Allah’s Messenger, hence Allah’s statement, “Allah will keep firm those who believe, with word that stands firm in this world, and in the Hereafter.” (Fath Al-Bari 8:229)

Muslim and the rest of the Group recorded it. (Muslim 4:2201, Abu Dawud 5:112) Imam Ahmad recorded that Al-Bara bin Azib said, “We went with the Messenger of Allah to attend a funeral procession of an Ansari man. We reached the grave site when it had not yet been completed. The Messenger of Allah sat, and we sat all around him, as if there were birds hovering above our heads. The Prophet was holding a piece of wood in his hand, poking the ground with it. He next raised his head and said twice or thrice, “Seek refuge with Allah from the punishment of the grave.” 

He said next,

“When a believing slave is reaching the end of his term in the life of this world and the beginning of his term in the Hereafter, a group of angels, whose faces are white and as radiant as the sun, will descend onto him from heaven. They will carry with them white shroud from Paradise, and fragrance for enshrouding from Paradise. They will sit as far from him as the sight goes. Then, the angel of death, will come until he sits right next to his head, saying, “O, good and pure soul! Depart (your body) to Allah’s forgiveness and pleasure.” So the soul flows (out of its body), just as the drop flows out from the tip of the jug, and the angel of death captures it. When he captures the soul, they (the group of angels) will not leave it with him for more than an instance, and they will seize it and wrap it in that shroud, and in that fragrance. A most pleasant musk scent ever found on the earth, will flow out of the soul, and the angels will ascend it (to heaven). They will not pass by, but they will say, “Whose is this Tayyib (good) soul” They (the angels who are ascending the soul) will reply, “Such person, the son of such and such person,” – calling him by the best names that he used to be called in the world. They will reach the lower heaven and will ask that its door be opened for him, and it will be opened for them. The best residents of every heaven will then see him to the next heaven, until he is brought to the seventh heaven. Allah, the Exalted and Ever High, will say, “List my servants record in Illiyyin [See Surah Mutafifin] and send him back to earth, for I have created them from it, and into it I shall return them, and from it I shall bring them out once again.” The soul will be joined with its body, and two angels will come to him, sit him up and ask him, “Who is your Lord?” He will say, “Allah is my Lord.” They will ask him, “What is your religion?” He will say, “My religion is Islam.” They will say to him, “What do you say about this man (Prophet Muhammad) who was sent to you?” He will say, “He is the Messenger of Allah.” They will ask him, “And what proof do you have about it?” He will say, “I read the Book of Allah (the Qur’an), and had faith and belief in him.” Then, a caller (Allah) will herald from heaven, “My servant has said the truth. Therefore, furnish him from Paradise, and let him wear from (the clothes of) Paradise, and open a door for him to Paradise.” So he is given from Paradise’s tranquillity and good scent, and his grave will be expanded for him as far as his sight can reach. Then, a man, with a handsome face and handsome clothes and whose scent is pleasant, will come to him, saying, “Receive the glad tidings with that which pleases you. This is the Day which you were promised.” He will ask him, “Who are you; for yours is the face that carries the good news” He will reply, “I am your good works.” He will say, “O Lord! Hurry up with the commencement of the Hour, hurry up with the commencement of the Hour, so I can return to my family and my wealth.”

“And when the disbelieving person is reaching the end of his term in the world and the beginning of his term in the Hereafter, there will descend onto him from heaven angels with dark faces. They will bring with them Musuh, and will sit as far from him as the sight reaches. Then the angel of death will come forward and sit right next to his head, saying, “O impure, evil soul! Depart (your body) to the anger of Allah and a wrath from Him.” The soul will scatter throughout his body, and the angel of death will seize it as when the thorny branch is removed from wet wool. The angel of death will seize the soul, and when he does, they (the group of angels) will not let it stay in his hand for more than an instance, and they will wrap it in the Musuh. The most putrid smell a dead corpse can ever have on earth will emit from the soul, and the angels will ascend with it. Whenever they pass by a group of angels, they will ask, “Whose is this evil soul” The angels will respond, “He is such person son of such person,” – calling him by the worst names he was known by in the world. When they reach the lowest heaven, they will request that its door be opened for him, and their request will be denied. “For them the gates of heaven will not be opened, and they will not enter Paradise until the camel goes through the eye of the needle.” (7:40) Allah will declare, “List his record in Sijjin [See Surah Mutafifin] in the lowest earth.” The wicked soul will then be thrown (from heaven). “And whoever assigns partners to Allah, it is as if he had fallen from the sky, and the birds had snatched him, or the wind had thrown him to a far off place.”(22:31) His soul will be returned to his body, and two angels will come to him, sit him up and ask him, “Who is your Lord” He will say, “Oh, oh! I do not know.” They will ask him, “What is your religion”, and he will say, “Oh, oh! I do not know.” They will ask him, “What do you say about this man (Prophet Muhammad) who was sent to you” He will say, “Oh, oh, I do not know!” A caller (Allah) will herald from heaven, “My servant has lied, so furnish him with the Fire and open a door for him to the Fire.” He will find its heat and fierce hot wind. And his grave will be reduced in size, until his bones crush each other. Then, a man with a dreadful face, wearing dreadful clothes and with a disgusting smell emitting from him will come to him, saying, “Receive the glad tidings with that which will displease you! This is the Day that you have been promised.” He will ask that man, “And who are you, for yours is the face that brings about evil” He will say, “I am your evil work.” He will therefore cry, “O, my Lord! Do not commence the Hour!”

Abu Dawud and Ibn Majah collected this Hadith. (Sunan Abu Dawud 3:546)

In his Musnad, Imam Abd bin Humayd recorded that Anas bin Malik said that the Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings of Allah be upon him, said,

Verily, when the servant is placed in his grave and his friends (or family) depart, as he hears the sound of their shoes, two angels will come to him. They will sit him up and ask him, ‘What do you say about this man (Muhammad)?’ As for the believer, he will say, `I bear witness that He is Allah’s servant and Messenger.’ He will be told, ‘Look at your seat in the Fire, Allah has replaced it for you with a seat in Paradise.”

The Prophet peace and blessings of Allah be upon him,said next,

“So he will see both seats.”

Qatadah added, “We were told that his grave will be enlarged up to seventy forearms length and will be filled with greenery for him until the Day of Judgement.” (Al-Muntakhab by Abd bin Humayd no.1178) Muslim collected this Hadith also from Abd bin Humayd, while An-Nasa’i collected it from Yunus bin Muhammad bin Al-Mu’addah. (Muslim no.2870)

Al-Hafiz Abu Isa At-Tirmidhi, may Allah grant him mercy, recorded that Abu Hurayrah said that the Messenger of Allahpeace and blessings of Allah be upon him, said,

“When the dead – or one of you – is buried, two dark and blue angels will come to him; one is called ‘Munkir’ and the other is called ‘Nakir’. They will ask him, ‘What did you say about this man (Muhammad)?’ He will reply, ‘What he used to say, that he is Allah’s servant and Messenger. I bear witness that there is no true deity except Allah and that Muhammad is His servant and Messenger.’ They will say, ‘We know that you used to say that,’ and his grave will be made larger for him to seventy forearms length by seventy forearms length and will be filled with light for him. He will be told, ‘Sleep,’ but he will reply, ‘Let me go back to my family in order that I tell them.’ They will say, ‘Sleep, just like the bridegroom who is awakened by the dearest of his family, until Allah resurrects him from that sleep.’ If he was a hypocrite, his answer will be, ‘I do not know! I heard people say something, so I used to repeat what they were saying.’ They will say, ‘We know that you used to say that.’ The earth will be commanded, ‘Come closer all around him,’ and it will come closer to him until his ribs cross each other. He will remain in this torment, until Allah resurrects him from his sleep.” (At-Tirmidhi no.1071)

At-Tirmidhi said, “This Hadith is Hasan, Gharib.” Abu Hurayrah narrated that the Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings of Allah be upon him, said,

“Allah will keep firm those who believe, with the word that stands firm in this world, and in the Hereafter.” When he will be asked in the grave, ‘Who is your Lord? What is your religion? Who is your Prophet?’ He will reply, ‘Allah is my Lord, Islam is my religion and Muhammad is my Prophet who brought the clear proofs from Allah. I believed in him and had faith in him.’ He will be told, ‘You have said the truth; you have lived on this, died on it and will be resurrected on it.” (At-Tabari 16:596)

Ibn Jarir At-Tabari recorded that Abu Hurayrah said that the Prophetpeace and blessings of Allah be upon him, said,

“By He Who owns my life! The dead person hears the sound of your slippers (or shoes) when you depart and leave him. If he is a believer, the prayer will stand by his head, Zakah to his right and the fast by his left; the righteous deeds, such as charity, keeping relations with kith and kin and acts of kindness to people will stand by his feet. He will be approached from his head, and the prayer will declare, ‘No entrance from my side.’ He will be approached from his right, and Zakah will declare, ‘There is no entrance from my side.’ He will be approached from his left, and the fast will declare, ‘There is no entrance from my side.’ He will be approached from his feet, and the acts of righteousness will declare, ‘There is no entrance from our side.’ He will be commanded to sit up, and he will sit up while the sun appears to him just like when it is about to set. He will be told, ‘Tell us about what we are going to ask you.’ He will say, ‘Leave me until I pray.’ He will be told, ‘You will pray, but first tell us what we want to know.’ He will ask, ‘What are your questions?’ He will be told, ‘This man who was sent among you, what do you say about him and what is your testimony about him’ He will ask, ‘Muhammad’ He will be answered in the positive and he will reply, ‘I bear witness that he is the Messenger of Allah and that he has brought us the proofs from our Lord. We believed in him.’ He will be told, ‘This is the way you lived and died and Allah willing, you will be resurrected on it.’ His grave will be made wider for him seventy forearms length, and it will be filled with light. A door will also be opened for him to Paradise. He will be told, ‘Look at what Allah has prepared for you in it.’ He will increase in joy and delight and then his soul will be placed with the pure souls, inside green birds eating from the trees of Paradise. The body will be returned to its origin, dust. So Allah said, “Allah will keep firm those who believe, with the word that stands firm in this world, and in the Hereafter.”

Ibn Hibban collected this Hadith, and his narration added the disbeliever’s answer and his torment. (Ibn Hibban 5:45) Abdur-Razzaq recorded that Tawus said, “Allah will keep firm those who believe, with the word that stands firm in this world” is in reference to La ilaha ilallah, while, “and in the Hereafter” is in reference to the questioning in the grave. (Abdur-Razzaq 2:342) Qatadah commented, “As for this life, Allah will make them firm on the way of righteousness and good deeds, “and in the Hereafter.” in the grave.” (At-Tabari 16:602) Several others among the Salaf said the same. (At-Tabari 16:602)

Tafsir Ibn Kathir (Abridged) Vol 5 Pages 328-351

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One Response to Surah Ibrahim Ayat 18-27

  1. SHAS says:

    Reblogged this on My Blog.

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