Surah Ar-Rad Ayat 14-29

{14. For Him is the Word of Truth. And those whom they invoke besides Him, answer them no more than one who stretches forth his hand for water to reach his mouth, but it reaches him not; and the invocation of the disbelievers is nothing but misguidance}

A Parable for the Weakness of the False Gods of the Polytheists

Ali bin Abi Talib said that Allah’s statement,“For Him is the Word of Truth.” is in reference to Tawhid, according to Ibn Jarir At-Tabari. (At-Tabari 16:398) Ibn Abbas, Qatadah, and Malik who narrated it from Muhammad bin Al-Munkadir, said that,“For Him is the Word of Truth.” means, “La ilaha illallah.” (At-Tabari 16:398) Allah said next,“And those whom they invoke besides Him…”, meaning, the example of those who worship others besides Allah,“like one who stretches forth his hand for water to reach his mouth,” Ali bin Abi Talib commented, “Like he who stretches his hand on the edge of a deep well to reach the water, even though his hands do not reach it; so how can the water reach his mouth?” (At-Tabari 16:400) Mujahid said about,“like one who stretches forth his hand” “Calling the water with his words and pointing at it, but it will never come to him this way.” (At-Tabari 16:400) The meaning of this Ayah is that he who stretches his hand to water from far away, to either collect some or draw some from far away, will not benefit from the water which will not reach his mouth, where water should be consumed. Likewise, those idolators who call another deity besides Allah, will never benefit from these deities in this life or the Hereafter, hence Allah’s statement,“and the invocation of the disbelievers is nothing but misguidance.”

{15. And unto Allah falls in prostration whoever is in the heavens and the earth, willingly or unwillingly, and so do their shadows in the mornings and in the afternoons.}

Everything prostrates unto Allah

Allah affirms His might and power, for He has full control over everything, and everything is subservient to Him. Therefore, everything, including the believers, prostrate to Allah willingly, while the disbelievers do so unwillingly,“and so do their shadows in the mornings”, in the beginning of the days,“and in the afternoons.” towards the end of the days. Allah said in another Ayah,“Have they not observed things that Allah has created: (how) their shadows incline.” (16:48)

{16. Say: “Who is the Lord of the heavens and the earth” Say: “(It is) Allah.” Say: “Have you then taken (for worship) Awliya’ (protectors) other than Him, such as have no power either for benefit or for harm to themselves” Say: “Is the blind equal to the one who sees? Or darkness equal to light? Or do they assign to Allah partners who created the like of His creation, so that the creation seemed alike to them?” Say: “Allah is the Creator of all things; and He is the One, the Irresistible.”}

Affirming Tawhid

Allah affirms here that there is no deity worthy of worship except Him, since they admit that He alone created the heavens and the earth and that He is their Lord and the Disposer of all affairs. Yet, they take as lords others besides Allah and worship them, even though these false gods do not have the power to benefit or harm themselves, or those who worship them. Therefore, the polytheists will not benefit or have harm removed from them by these false deities. Are those who worship the false deities instead of Allah equal to those who worship Him alone, without partners, and thus have a light from their Lord This is why Allah said here,“Say: “Is the blind equal to the one who sees? Or darkness equal to light? Or do they assign to Allah partners who created the like of His creation, so that the creations seemed alike to them?” Allah asks, ‘Do these polytheists worship gods besides Him that rival Him in what He created Have their false deities created similar creations to those Allah created and, thus, they are confused between the two types of creations, not knowing which was created by others besides Allah’ Rather, the Ayah proves that the truth is nothing like this. There is none similar to Allah, nor does He have an equal, a rival, anyone like Him, a minister, a son, or a wife. Allah is glorified in that He is far away from all that is ascribed to Him. These idolators worship gods that they themselves admit were created by Allah and are subservient to Him. They used to say during their Talbiyah: “Here we rush to Your obedience. There is no partner for You, except Your partner, You own him and he owns not.” Allah also mentioned their polytheistic statements in other Ayat,“We worship them only that they may bring us near to Allah.” (39:3) Allah admonished them for this false creed, stating that only those whom He chooses are allowed to intercede with Him, “Intercession with Him profits not except for him whom He permits.” (34:23) “And there are many angels in the heavens…..” (53:26), and, “There is none in the heavens and the earth but comes unto the Most Gracious (Allah) as a servant. Verily, He knows each one of them, and has counted them a full counting. And everyone of them will come to Him alone on the Day of Resurrection.” (19:93-95) If all are Allah’s servants, then why do any of them worships each other without proof or evidence that allows them to do so? Rather, they rely on sheer opinion and innovation in the religion, even though Allah has sent all of His Prophets and Messengers, from beginning to end, prohibiting this practice (polytheism) and ordering them to refrain from worshipping others besides Allah. They defied their Messengers and rebelled against them, and this is why the word of punishment struck them as a worthy recompense, “And your Lord treats no one with injustice” (18:49)

{17. He sends down water from the sky, and the valleys flow according to their measure, but the flood bears away the foam that mounts up to the surface – and (also) from that (ore) which they heat in the fire in order to make ornaments or utensils, rises a foam like unto it, thus does Allah (by parables) show forth truth and falsehood. Then, as for the foam it passes away as scum upon the banks, while that which is for the good of mankind remains in the earth. Thus Allah sets forth parables.}

Two Parables proving that Truth remains and Falsehood perishes

This honorable Ayah contains two parables which affirm that truth remains and increases, while falsehood diminishes and perishes. Allah said,“He sends down water from the sky” He sends rain,“and the valleys flow according to their measure” each valley taking its share according to its capacity, for some valleys are wider and can retain more water than others which are small and thus retain smaller measures of water. This Ayah indicates that hearts differ, for some of them can retain substantial knowledge while others cannot entertain knowledge, but rather are bothered by knowledge,“but the flood bears away the foam that mounts up to the surface” of the water that ran down the valleys; this is the first parable. Allah said next,“and (also) from that (ore) which they heat in the fire in order to make ornaments or utensils…” This is the second parable, whereas gold and silver ore is heated with fire to make adornments with it, and iron and copper ore are heated to make pots and the like with it. Foam also rises to the surface of these ores, just as in the case with water,“thus does Allah (by parables) show forth truth and falsehood.” when they both exist, falsehood does not remain, just as foam does not remain with the water or the gold and silver ores which are heated in fire. Rather, foam dissipates and vanishes,“Then, as for the foam it passes away as scum upon the banks” for it carries no benefit and dissipates and scatters on the banks of the valley. The foam also sticks to trees or is dissipated by wind, just as the case with the scum that rises on the surface of gold, silver, iron and copper ores; it all goes away and never returns. However, water, gold and silver remain and are used to man’s benefit. This is why Allah said next,“while that which is for the good of mankind remains in the earth. Thus Allah sets forth parables.”

Allah said in a similar Ayah,“And these similitudes We put forward for mankind; but none will understand them except those who have knowledge.” (29:43) Some of the Salaf (rightly guided ancestors) said, “When I would read a parable in the Qur’an that I could not comprehend, I would cry for myself because Allah the Exalted says,“But none will understand them except those who have knowledge.” (29:43) Ali bin Abi Talhah reported that Abdullah bin Abbas commented on Allah’s statement,“He sends down water from the sky, and the valleys flow according to their measure” “This is a parable that Allah has set; the hearts carry knowledge from Him, and certainty according to the amount of doubt. As for doubt, working good deeds does not benefit while it exists. As for certainty, Allah benefits its people by it, hence Allah’s statement,“Then, as for the foam”, which refers to doubt,“it passes away as scum upon the banks, while that which is for the good of mankind remains in the earth.” in reference to certainty. And just as when jewelry is heated in fire and is rid of its impurity, which remains in the fire, similarly Allah accepts certainty and discards doubt.” (At-Tabari 16:410)

The Qur’an and the Sunnah contain Parables that use Water and Fire

Allah has set two examples in the beginning of Surat Al-Baqarah (chapter 2) about the hypocrites, one using fire and another using water. Allah said,“Their likeness is as the likeness of one who kindled a fire; then, when it illuminated all around him.” (2:17) then He said,“Or like a rainstorm in the sky, bringing darkness, thunder, and lightning.” (2:19) Allah also has set two parables for the disbelievers in Surat An-Nur (chapter 24), one of them is,”As for those who disbelieved, their deeds are like a mirage in a desert.” (24:39) The mirage occurs during intense heat. It is recorded in the Two Sahihs that the Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings of Allah be upon him, said,

“It will be said to the Jews on the Day of Resurrection, “What do you desire?” They will reply, “We need to drink, for we have become thirsty, O our Lord!” It will be said, “Will you then proceed to drink,” and they will head towards the Fire, which will appear as a mirage, its various parts consuming the other parts.” (Fath Al-Bari 8:98, Muslim 4:168)

Allah said in the second parable (in Surat An-Nur), “Or is like the darkness in a vast deep sea.” (24:40)

In the Two Sahihs it is recorded that Abu Musa Al-Ashari said that the Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings of Allah be upon him, said,

“The example of guidance and knowledge with which Allah has sent me is like abundant rain falling on the earth, some of which was fertile soil that absorbed the rain water and brought forth vegetation and grass in abundance. And another portion of it was hard, it held the rain water and Allah benefited the people with it and they utilized it for drinking, grazing, making their animals drink from it and for irrigation purposes. And another portion of it fell on barren land, which could neither hold the water nor bring forth vegetation. The first is the example of the person who comprehends Allah’s religion and gets benefit, as well as benefiting others (from the knowledge and guidance) which Allah has revealed through me and learns and then teaches others. The last example is that of a person who does not care for it and does not embrace Allah’s guidance revealed through me.” (Fath Al-Bari 1:211, Muslim 4:1788)

This parable uses water in it. In another Hadith that Imam Ahmad collected, Abu Hurayrah narrated that the Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings of Allah be upon him, said,

“My example and the example of you is like that of a person who lit a fire. When the fire illuminated his surroundings, butterflies and insects started falling into it, as they usually do, and he started swatting at them to prevent them from falling; but they overwhelmed him and kept falling into the fire. This is the parable of me and you, I am holding you by the waist trying to save you from the Fire, saying, “Go away from the Fire,” yet you overwhelm me and fall into it.” (Ahmad 2:312)

The Two Sahihs also collected this Hadith. (Fath Al-Bari 11:323, Muslim 4:1790) This is a parable using fire.

{8. For those who answered their Lord’s call is Al-Husna. But those who answered not His call, if they had all that is in the earth together with its like, they would offer it in order to save themselves. For them there will be the terrible reckoning. Their dwelling place will be Hell; and worst indeed is that place for rest.}

Reward of the Blessed and Wretched Ones

Allah mentions the final destination of the blessed ones and the wretched ones,“For those who answered their Lord’s call” obeyed Allah and followed His Messenger (Muhammad, peace be upon him) by obeying his commands and believing in the narrations he brought about the past and the future, theirs will be,“Al-Husna”, which is the good reward. Allah said that Dhul-Qarnayn declared,“As for him who does wrong, we shall punish him, and then he will be brought back unto his Lord, Who will punish him with a terrible torment (Hell). But as for him who believes and works righteousness, he shall have the best reward (Al-Husna), and we shall speak unto him mild words by our command” (18: 87-88) Allah said in another Ayah,“For those who have done good is the best (Al-Husna) and even more.” (10: 26)

Allah said next,“But those who answered not His call” disobeyed Allah,“if they had all that is in the earth together” meaning, in the Hereafter. This Ayah says: Had the earth’s fill of gold and its like with it, they would try to ransom themselves from Allah’s torment at that time. However, this will not be accepted from them. Verily, Allah the Exalted will not accept any type of exchange from,“For them there will be the terrible reckoning.” in the Hereafter, when they will be reckoned for the Naqir [The speck on the back of a date stone.] and the Qitmir [The thin membrane over the date stone.] the big and the small. Verily, he who is reckoned in detail on that Day will receive punishment, hence Allah’s statement next,“Their dwelling place will be Hell; and worst indeed is that place for rest.”

{19. Shall he then who knows that what has been revealed unto you from your Lord is the truth, be like him who is blind But it is only the men of understanding that pay heed.}

The Believer and the Disbeliever are never Equal

Allah says, ‘They could never be equal; those among people who know that what,“has been revealed unto you”, O Muhammad,“from your Lord” is the truth about which there is no doubt and in which there is no confusion, vagueness or contradiction. Rather, they believe that all of it is the truth, each part of it testifying to another. They believe that none of its parts contradicts the others, that all its information is true and that all its commandments and prohibitions are just,“And the Word of your Lord has been fulfilled in truth and in justice.” (6:15) It is accurate in its information and stories and just in what it orders. Therefore, the Ayah says, those who believe in the truth that you brought, O Muhammad, are not at all similar to those who are blind and cannot find guidance to what benefits them, which they cannot even comprehend. And even if they comprehend the guidance, they will not follow it, believe in it or abide by it.’ Allah said in another Ayah,“Not equal are the dwellers of the Fire and the dwellers of the Paradise. It is the dwellers of Paradise that will be successful.” (59:20) Allah said in this honorable Ayah,“Shall he then who knows that what has been revealed unto you from your Lord is the truth, be like him who is blind” They are not equal. Allah said next,“But it is only the men of understanding that pay heed.” meaning, it is those who have sound minds who draw lessons, gain wisdom and understand. We ask Allah to make us among them.

{20. Those who fulfill, the covenant of Allah and break not the trust. 

21. And those who join that which Allah has commanded to be joined and fear their Lord, and dread the terrible reckoning.  

22. And those who remain patient, seeking their Lord’s Face, perform the Salah, and spend out of that which We have bestowed on them, secretly and openly, and repel evil with good, for such there is a good end. 

23. Adn Gardens, which they shall enter and (also) those who acted righteously from among their fathers, and their wives, and their offspring. And angels shall enter unto them from every gate (saying) 

24.”Salamun Alaykum (peace be upon you) for you persevered in patience! Excellent indeed is the final home!”}

Qualities of the Blessed Ones, which will lead to Paradise

Allah states that those who have these good qualities, will earn the good, final home: victory and triumph in this life and the Hereafter,“Those who fulfill the covenant of Allah and break not the trust.” They are nothing like the hypocrites who when one of them makes a covenant, he breaks it; if he disputes, he is most quarrelsome; if he speaks, he lies; and if he is entrusted, he betrays his trust. Allah said next,“And those who join that which Allah has commanded to be joined” they are good to their relatives and do not sever the bond of kinship. They are also kind to the poor and the needy and generous in nature,“and fear their Lord”, in what they do or do not do of actions and statements. They remember that Allah is watching during all of this and are afraid of His terrifying reckoning in the Hereafter. Therefore, all their affairs are on the straight path and correct, whether they are active or idle, and in all of their affairs, including those that affect others,“And those who remain patient, seeking their Lord’s Face” They observe patience while staying away from sins and evil deeds, doing so while dedicating themselves to the service of their Lord the Exalted and Most Honored and seeking His pleasure and generous reward,“and perform the Salah”, preserving its limits, times, bowing, prostration and humbleness, according to the established limits and rulings of the religion,“and spend out of that which We have bestowed on them” They spend on those whom they are obliged to spend on them, such as their spouses, relatives and the poor and needy in general,“secretly and openly” They spend during all conditions and times, whether during the night or the day, secretly and openly,“and repel evil with good” they resist evil with good conduct. When the people harm them they face their harm with good patience, forbearing, forgiveness and pardon. Allah said in another Ayah,“Repel (the evil) with one which is better, then verily he, between whom and you there was enmity, (will become) as though he was a close friend. But none is granted it except those who are patient – and none is granted it except the owner of the great portion in this world.” (41:34-35) This is why Allah states here that those who have these good qualities, the blessed ones, will earn the final home, which He explained next,“And Gardens”, where, Adn, indicates continuous residence; they will reside in the gardens of everlasting life. Allah said next,“and (also) those who acted righteously from among their fathers, and their wives, and their offspring.” Allah will gather them with their loved ones, from among their fathers, family members and offspring, those who are righteous and deserve to enter Paradise, so that their eyes are comforted by seeing them. He will also elevate the grade of those who are lower, to the grades of those who are higher, a favor from Him out of His kindness, without decreasing the grade of those who are higher up (in Paradise). Allah said in another Ayah,“And those who believe and whose offspring follow them in faith: to them shall We join their offspring.” (52:21) Allah said next,“And angels shall enter unto them from every gate (saying): “Salamun `Alaykum (peace be upon you) for you persevered in patience! Excellent indeed is the final home!” The angels will enter on them from every direction congratulating them for entering Paradise. The angels will welcome them with the Islamic greeting and commend them for earning Allah’s closeness and rewards, as well as, being admitted into the Dwelling of Peace, neighbors to the honorable Messengers, the Prophets and the truthful believers. Imam Ahmad recorded that Abdullah bin Amr bin Al-As, may Allah be pleased with them both, narrated that the Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings of Allah be upon him, said,

“Do you know who among Allah’s creation will enter Paradise first?”

They said, “Allah and His Messenger have more knowledge.” He said,

“The first among Allah’s creation to enter Paradise are the poor emigrants (in Allah’s cause) with whom the outposts (of the land) are secured and the various afflictions are warded off. One of them would die while his need is still in his chest, because he was unable to satisfy it himself. Allah will say to whom He will among His angels, “Go to them and welcome them with the Salam.” The angels will say, “We are the residence of Your heaven and the best of Your creation, do You command us to go to them and welcome them with the Salam” Allah will say, “They are My servants who worshipped Me and did not associate anyone or anything with Me in worship. With them, the outposts were secured and the afflictions were warded off. One of them would die while his need is in his chest, unable to satisfy it.” So the angels will go to them from every gate (of Paradise)” saying, “Salamun Alaykum (peace be upon you) for you persevered in patience! Excellent indeed is the final home!” (Ahmad 2:168)

{25. And those who break the covenant of Allah, after its ratification, and sever that which Allah has commanded to be joined, and work mischief in the land, on them is the curse, and for them is the unhappy (evil) home (i.e. Hell)}

Characteristics of the Wretched Ones which will lead to the Curse and the Evil Home

This is the destination of the Wretched ones and these are their characteristics. Allah mentioned their end in the Hereafter, to contrast the end that the believers earned, since their characteristics were to the opposite of the believer’s qualities in this life. The latter used to keep Allah’s covenant and join that which Allah has ordained on them to join. As for the former, they used to, “break the covenant of Allah, after its ratification, and sever that which Allah has commanded to be joined, and work mischief in the land” An authentic Hadith states that,

“The signs of a hypocrite are three: Whenever he speaks, he tells a lie; whenever he promises, he always breaks it (his promise); if you entrust him, he proves to be dishonest.” (Fath Al-Bari 1:111)

In another narration, the Prophet, peace and blessings of Allah be upon him, said,

“If he enters into a covenant, he betrays it; and if he disputes, he proves to be most quarrelsome.” (ibid) 

This is why Allah said next,“on them is the curse” they will be cast away from Allah’s mercy,“and for them is the unhappy home.” the evil end and destination,“Their dwelling place will be Hell; and worst indeed is that place for rest.” (13:18)

{26. Allah increases the provision for whom He wills, and straitens (it for whom He wills), and they rejoice in the life of the world, whereas the life of this world compared to the Hereafter is but a brief passing enjoyment.}

Increases and Decrease in provision is in Allah’s Hand

Allah states that He alone increases the provisions for whom He wills and decreases it for whom He wills, according to His wisdom and perfect justice. So, when the disbelievers rejoice with the life of the present world that was given to them, they do not know that they are being tested and tried. Allah said in other Ayat,“Do they think that in wealth and children with which We enlarge them. We hasten unto them with good things. Nay, but they perceive not.” (23:55-56) Allah belittled the life of the present world in comparison to what He has prepared for His believing servants in the Hereafter,“whereas the life of this world compared to the Hereafter is but a brief passing enjoyment.” Allah said in other Ayat,“Say: “Short is the enjoyment of this world. The Hereafter is (far) better for him who has Taqwa, and you shall not be dealt with unjustly even equal to the amount of a Fatila.” [The thin membrane over the date stone] (4:77) and,“Nay, you prefer the life of this world, although the Hereafter is better and more lasting.” (87:16-17) Imam Ahmad recorded that Al-Mustawrid, from Bani Fihr, said that the Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings of Allah be upon him, said,

“The life of the present world, compared to the Hereafter, is just like when one of you inserts his finger in the sea, so let him contemplate how much of it will it carry.”

and he pointed with the index finger. (Ahmad 4:228) Imam Muslim also collected this Hadith in his Sahih. (Muslim 4:2193)  In another Hadith, the Prophet passed by a dead sheep, whose ears were small, and said,“By Allah! The life of this present world is as insignificant to Allah as this sheep was to its owners when they threw it away.” (Muslim no. 2957)

{27. And those who disbelieved say: “Why is not a sign sent down to him from his Lord?” Say: “Verily, Allah sends astray whom He wills and guides unto Himself those who turn to Him in repentance.” 

28.Those who believed and whose hearts find rest in the remembrance of Allah. Verily, in the remembrance of Allah do hearts find rest. 

29. Those who believed, and work righteousness, Tuba is for them and a beautiful place of (final) return.}

Disbelievers ask for Miracles, Allah’s Response to Them

Allah says that the idolators said,“Why is not”, meaning, there should be,“a sign sent down to him from his Lord” The idolators also said,“Let him then bring us an Ayah like the ones (Prophets) that were sent before (with signs)!” (21:5) We mentioned this subject several times before and stated that Allah is able to bring them what they wanted. There is a Hadith which mentions that the idolators asked the Prophet to turn Mount As-Safa into gold and, they also asked him for a spring to gush forth for them and to remove the mountains from around Makkah and replace them with green fields and gardens. Allah revealed to His Messenger : “If You wish, O Muhammad, I will give them what they asked for. However, if they disbelieve thereafter, I will punish them with a punishment that I did not punish any among the `Alamin (mankind and the Jinns). Or, if you wish, I will open for them the door to repentance and mercy.” The Prophet, peace and blessings of Allah be upon him, said,

“Rather, open for them the door to repentance and mercy.” 

This is why Allah said to His Messenger next, “Say: “Verily, Allah sends astray whom He wills and guides unto Himself those who turn to Him in repentance.” Allah states that He brings misguidance or guidance whether the Messenger was given a sign (a miracle) according to their asking or not. Verily, earning the misguidance or the guidance are not connected to the miracles or the lack of them. Allah said in other Ayat, “But neither Ayat nor warners benefit those who believe not.” (10:101)“Truly, those, against whom the Word of your Lord has been justified, will not believe. Even if every sign should come to them, until they see the painful torment.” (10:96-97), and,“And even if We had sent down unto them angels, and the dead had spoken unto them, and We had gathered together all things before their very eyes, they would not have believed, unless Allah willed, but most of them behave ignorantly.” (6:111) Allah said here,“Say: “Verily, Allah sends astray whom He wills and guides unto Himself those who turn to Him in repentance.’‘” meaning, He guides to Him those who repent, turn to Him, beg Him, seek His help and humbly submit to Him.

The believer’s Heart finds Comfort in the Remembrance of Allah

Allah said,“Those who believed, and whose hearts find rest in the remembrance of Allah.” for their hearts find comfort on the side of Allah, become tranquil when He is remembered and pleased to have Him as their Protector and Supporter. So Allah said,“Verily, in the remembrance of Allah do hearts find rest.” and surely, He is worthy of it.

The Meaning of Tuba

Allah said,“Those who believed, and work righteousness, Tuba is for them and a beautiful place of (final) return.” Ali bin Abi Talhah reported that Ibn Abbas said that Tuba means, “Happiness and comfort or refreshment of the eye.” (At-Tabari 16:435) Ikrimah said that Tuba means, “How excellent is what they earned,” (ibid) while Ad-Dahhak said, “A joy for them.” (ibid) Furthermore, Ibrahim An-Nakhi said that Tuba means, “Better for them,” (Al-Baghawi 3:18) while Qatadah said that it is an Arabic word that means, ‘you have earned a good thing.’ (At-Tabari 16:435) In another narration, Qatadah said that ‘Tuba for them’ means, “It is excellent for them,” (ibid)

“and a beautiful place of return.”

and final destination. These meanings for Tuba are all synonymous and they do not contradict one another. Imam Ahmad recorded that Abu Sa’id Al-Khudri said that a man asked, “O Allah’s Messenger! Tuba for those who saw you and believed in you!” The Prophet, peace and blessings of Allah be upon him, said,

“Tuba is for he who saw me and believed in me. Tuba, and another Tuba, and another Tuba for he who believed in me, but did not see me.”

A man asked, “What is Tuba?” The Prophet, peace and blessings of Allah be upon him, said,

“A tree in Paradise whose width is a hundred years, and the clothes of the people of Paradise are taken from its bark.” (Ahmad 3:71)

Al-Bukhari and Muslim recorded that Sahl bin Sad said that the Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings of Allah be upon him, said,

“There is a tree in Paradise, if a rider travels in its shade for one hundred years, he would not be able to cross it.”

An-Numan bin Abi Ayyash Az-Zuraqi added, “Abu Said Al-Khudri narrated to me that the Prophet, peace and blessings of Allah be upon him, said,

“There is a tree in Paradise, if a rider travels in its shade on a fast, sleek horse for one hundred years, he would not be able to cross it.” (Al-Bukhari no.6552, Muslim no.2827)

In his Sahih, Imam Muslim recorded that Abu Dharr narrated that the Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings of Allah be upon him, said that Allah the Exalted and Most Honored said,

“O My slaves! If the first and the last among you, mankind and Jinns among you, stood in one spot and asked Me and I gave each person what he asked, it will not decrease from My dominion, except what the needle decreases (or carries) when entered into the sea.” (Muslim 4:1994)

Khalid bin Maddan said, “There is a tree in Paradise called Tuba, that has breasts that nurse the children of the people of Paradise. Verily, the miscarriage of a woman will be swimming in one of the rivers of Paradise until the Day of Resurrection commences, when he will be gathered with people while forty years of age.” Ibn Abi Hatim collected this statement.

 Tafsir Ibn Kathir (Abridged) Vol 5 Pages 255-279

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