Al-Qawi (The Strong)
“Those who have been expelled from their homes unjustly only because they said, ‘Our Lord is Allah’ – for had it not been that Allah checks one set of people by means of another, monasteries, churches, synagogues and mosques, wherein the Name of Allah is mentioned much, would have been pulled down and destroyed. Indeed Allah will help those who help Him and Allah is Qawi, the Almighty.” (Surah al-Hajj :40)
All praises be to Allah who is known by the Beautiful Name al-Qawi, the Strong. He is the One to whom belongs might, honour and strength in all its entirety. He possess the strength of conquest and of prevention. He promises to use this strength to help those who help Him. On the other hand, if we reject His signs, He promises to use His strength against us.
Throughout history, Allah has sent Prophets and Messengers to all nations to reveal the straight path to them. The Messengers told their people that there is only one God – Allah – and that they should worship Him alone and obey His commands. But Allah informs us that most of them brought His wrath upon themselves by denying and rejecting His Messengers:
“Similar to the behaviour of the people of Fir’aun (Pharaoh), and of those before them. They rejected Allah’s Signs, so Allah punished for their sins. Verily Allah is Strong, Severe in Punishment.” (Surah al-Anfal :52)
“That was because there came to them Messengers with clear evidences but they disbelieved (in them). So Allah seized them (with punishment). He is All-Strong, Severe in Punishment” (Surah Ghafir :22),
When we disregard Allah’s signs, and refuse to obey Him, we deny the fact that Allah has power over all things. In doing so, we are in fact setting up rivals, or other powers (including our own desires) as equal to Allah. We forget that Allah could demolish us and all of our possessions in the blink of an eye. Of those who set up equals to Him, Allah says:
“And of mankind are some who take (for worship) others besides Allah as rivals (to Allah). They love them as they love Allah. But those who believe, love Allah more (than anything else). If only, those who do wrong could see, when they will see the torment, that all power belongs to Allah, and that Allah is Severe in punishment.” (Surah al-Baqarah :165)
Al-Qayyum (The Self-Sustaining)
“Allah! there is no deity worthy of worship but Him, al-Hayy, al-Qayyum.” (Surah Ali-Imran :1)
“All faces shall be humbled before [Allah], al-Hayy, al-Qayyum. And the one who carried the burden of wrong-doing shall be in complete loss!” (Surah Ta Ha : 111)
All praises be to Allah who is known by the Beautiful Name al-Qayyum, the Self-Sustaining. He is the One who has perfect power, existing in and of Himself, not being dependent on anyone or anything in any way. He is the sole sustainer of the inhabitants of the heavens and the earth. He is the One who regulates all of their affairs and provisions. His Beautiful name al-Hayy, the Living, includes all of the Attributes of His Self and the name al-Qayyum includes all the Attributes of His Actions.
Al-Quddus (The Holy)
“Whatever is in the heavens and the earth glorifies Allah – the King, al-Quddus, the Almighty, the All-Wise.” (Surah al-Jumu’ah :1)
All praises be to Allah who is known by the Beautiful Name al-Quddus, the Holy. His is unlimited perfection in every way, and He is far removed is He from any imperfections. This is because when deficiency is removed, only perfection remains. He made everything that is in the heavens and the earth, and all of it glorifies Him and magnifies Him. He is the Holy, the King, the All-Wise.
What Surahs and ayat are included in the Twenty-second Juz’?
The twenty-second juz’ of the Qur’an contains Surah Al-Ahzab (The Confederates) from ayah 31 until 73, Surah Saba’ (Sheba) and Surah Fatir (The Originator of the Creation) in their entirety and Surah Ya-Sin up to ayah 27.
When were the ayat of this juz’ revealed?
Surah Al Ahzab was revealed in Madinah in the the year 5 A.H. Surah Saba’, Surah Fatir and Surah Ya-Sin are also Makkan Surahs.
From the Virtues of Surah Ya-Sin
Ibn Habban recorded in his Sahih that Jundub bin ‘Abdullah, may Allah be pleased with him, said, “The Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings of Allah be upon him, said: ‘Whoever recites Ya-Sin in the night seeking the Face of Allah will be forgiven.” (Recorded in Ibn Habban 4:121)
“It is not for a believer, man or woman, when Allah and His Messenger have decreed a matter that they should have any opinion in their decision. And whoever disobeys Allah and His Messenger, he has indeed strayed into plain error.” (Surah Al-Ahzab 33:36)
“O Prophet! Tell your wives and your daughters and the women of the believers to draw their cloaks (veils) all over their bodies. That will be better that they should be known (as free respectable women) so as not to be annoyed. And Allah is Ever Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful.“ (Surah Al-Ahzab 33:59)
“Say: ‘Our Lord will assemble us all together (on the Day of Resurrection), the He will judge between us with truth. And He is the Just Judge, the All-Knower of the true state of affairs.’” (Surah Saba 34:26)
“And it is not your wealth, nor your children that bring you nearer to Us (i.e. please Allah), but only he who believes and does righteous deeds (will please Us); as for such, there will be twofold reward for what they did, and they will reside in the high dwellings (Paradise) in peace and security.” (Surah Saba 34:37)
“O mankind! Verily, the Promise of Allah is true. So let not this present life deceive you, and let not the chief deceiver (Satan) deceive you about Allah.” (Surah Fatir 35:5)
What are the main themes of this juz’?
Surah Al-Ahzab continues in this juz’ with advice to the wives of the Prophet, peace and blessings of Allah be upon him, so that they may be an example for others to follow. Allah promises men and women who are obedient, truthful, patient and humble, and who guard their prayer, fast, give charity and guard their chastity and remember Allah often, forgiveness and the great reward of Paradise (33:35). Some rulings regarding marriage and divorce are outlined, as well as guidelines for privacy, including seeking permission to enter a dwelling and leaving promptly after a meal. This Surah also contains the ayat concerning the covering of women (33:53-59).
Surah Saba deals with objections raised by the disbelievers to the Message, who deny the Prophet, the Message, the coming of the Hour and the Resurrection. We return to the stories of the Prophets Dawud (David), Sulaiman (Solomon) peace be upon them, and the people of Sheba who were punished with a flood for disobedience and disbelief (34:15-21). The Prophet Muhammad, peace be upon him, is commanded to tell the polytheists and pagans that those who they call on besides Allah have no power of their own and they cannot intercede with Allah, and verily the Hour is coming. Our children and wealth will not avail us, only belief and good deeds will be of any use to us at that time.
Surah Fatir continues with the theme of refutation of the disbelievers. We are enjoined to remember the Grace of Allah upon us, and not to be deceived by the ‘chief deceiver’ Shaitan (Satan). All power, honour and glory belong to Allah alone. We are reminded of Allah’s Signs in the creation of man, the wind and the rain, the day and the night, and the separation of the salty and sweet seas, and it is us who are in need of Allah. The disbelievers will feel regret on the Day of Judgement, but by then it will be too late, the punishment will be upon them (35:37).
Surah Ya-Sin warns the disbeliever of the consequences of not accepting the Message. It opens with the confirmation that this Qur’an, full of wisdom, was revealed in order to warn people, and continues with the ominous statement that ‘the Word (of punishment) has proved true against most of them’ (36:7). It is the same whether the Messenger, peace be upon him, warns them or not, they will not believe. They are like the people of the past who refused to believe in revelation from ‘human beings like ourselves’ (36:15), and they were transgressors.