Surah Ali-Imran Part 6 (Ayat 92-103)

{92. By no means shall you attain Al-Birr, unless you spend of that which you love; and whatever of good you spend, Allah knows it well.}

Al-Birr is Spending from the Best of One’s Wealth

In his Tafsir, Waki reported, that Amr bin Maymun said that “By no means shall you attain Al-Birr” is in reference to attaining Paradise. Imam Ahmad reported that Anas bin Malik said, “Abu Talhah had more property than any other among the Ansar in Al-Madinah, and the most beloved of his property to him was Bayruha garden, which was in front of the (Messenger’s) Masjid. Sometimes, Allah’s Messenger used to go to the garden and drink its fresh water.” Anas added, “When these verses were revealed, “By no means shall you attain Al-Birr unless You spend of that which you love” Abu Talhah said, ‘O Allah’s Messenger! Allah says, “By no means shall you attain Al-Birr, unless you spend of that which you love” No doubt, Bayruha garden is the most beloved of all my property to me. So I want to give it in charity in Allah’s cause, and I expect its reward and compensation from Allah. O Allah’s Messenger! Spend it where Allah makes you think is feasible. ‘ On that, Allah’s Messenger, peace and blessings of Allah be upon him said,

“Well-done! It is profitable property, it is profitable property. I have heard what you have said, and I think it would be proper if you gave it to your kith and kin.” 

Abu Talhah said, ` I will do so, O Allah’s Messenger.’ Then Abu Talhah distributed that garden among his relatives and cousins.” (Ahmad 3:141)

This Hadith was recorded in the Two Sahihs. (fath Al-Bari 8:71 and Muslim 2:663) They also recorded that Umar said, “O Messenger of Allah! I never gained possession of a piece of property more precious to me than my share in Khaybar. Therefore, what do you command me to do with it?” The Prophet, peace and blessings of Allah be upon him said,

“Retain the land to give its fruits in Allah’s cause.” (Its meaning is with Musim 3:1256)

 

{93. All food was lawful to the Children of Israel, except what Isra’il made unlawful for himself before the Tawrah was revealed. Say: “Bring here the Tawrah and recite it, if you are truthful. ”

94. Then after that, whosoever shall invent a lie against Allah, then it is these that are the wrongdoers.

95. Say:”Allah has spoken the truth; follow the religion of Ibrahim the Hanif (monotheist), and he was not of the Mushrikin (idolators).”}

The Questions that the Jews Asked Our Prophet

Imam Ahmad recorded that Ibn Abbas said, “A group of Jews came to Allah’s Prophet and said, ‘Talk to us about some things we will ask you and which only a Prophet would know.’ He said, ‘Ask me about whatever you wish. However, give your pledge to Allah, similar to the pledge that Yaqub took from his children, that if I tell you something and you recognize its truth, you will follow me in Islam.’ They said, ‘Agreed.’ The Prophet said, ‘Ask me about whatever you wish.’ They said, ‘Tell us about four matters: 1. What kinds of food did Isra’il prohibit for himself? 2. What about the sexual discharge of the woman and the man, and what role does each play in producing male or female offspring? 3. Tell us about the condition of the unlettered Prophet during sleep, 4. And who is his Wali (supporter) among the angels?’ The Prophet took their covenant that they will follow him if he answers these questions, and they agreed. He said, ‘I ask you by He Who sent down the Tawrah to Musa, do you not know that Isra’il once became very ill? When his illness was prolonged, he vowed to Allah that if He cures His illness, he would prohibit the best types of drink and food for himself. Was not the best food to him camel meat and the best drink camel milk?’ They said, ‘Yes, by Allah.’ The Messenger said, ‘O Allah, be Witness against them.’ The Prophet then said, ‘I ask you by Allah, other than Whom there is no deity (worthy of worship), Who sent down the Tawrah to Musa, do you not know that man’s discharge is thick and white and woman’s is yellow and thin? If any of these fluids becomes dominant, the offspring will take its sex and resemblance by Allah’s leave. Hence, if the man’s is more than the woman’s, the child will be male, by Allah’s leave. If the woman’s discharge is more than the man’s, then the child will be female, by Allah’s leave.’ They said, ‘Yes.’ He said, ‘O Allah, be Witness against them.’ He then said, ‘I ask you by He Who sent down the Tawrah to Musa, do you not know that the eyes of this unlettered Prophet sleep, but his heart does not sleep?’ They said, ‘Yes, by Allah!’ He said, ‘O Allah, be Witness.’ They said, ‘Tell us now about your Wali among the angels, for this is when we either follow or shun you.’ He said, ‘My Wali (who brings down the revelation from Allah) is Jibril, and Allah never sent a Prophet, but Jibril is his Wali.’ They said, ‘We then shun you. Had you a Wali other than Jibril, we would have followed you.’ On that, Allah, the Exalted revealed,

“Say: “Whoever is an enemy to Jibril…” (2:97).’ (Ahmad 1:287)

Allah’s statement, “before the Tawrah was revealed” (3:93), means, Isra’il forbade that for himself before the Tawrah was revealed. There are two objectives behind revealing this segment of the Ayah. First, he forbade himself the most delightful things for Allah’s sake. This practice was allowed during his period of Law, and is, thus, suitable that it is mentioned after Allah’s statement, “By no means shall you attain Al-Birr, unless you spend of that which you love” (3: 92).

What we are allowed in our Law is to spend in Allah’s obedience from what we like and covet [but not to prohibit what Allah has allowed]. Allah said in other Ayat;

“And gives his wealth, in spite of love for it,” (2:177), and;

“And they give food, in spite of their love for it,” (76:8).

The second reason is that after Allah refuted the false Christian beliefs and allegations about Isa and his mother. Allah started refuting the Jews here, may Allah curse them, by stating that the abrogation of the Law, that they denied occurs, already occurred in their Law. For instance, Allah has stated in their Book, the Tawrah, that when Nuh departed from the ark, Allah allowed him to eat the meat of all types of animals. Afterwards, Isra’il forbade the meat and milk of camels for himself, and his children imitated this practice after him. The Tawrah later on prohibited this type of food, and added several more types of prohibitions. Allah allowed Adam to marry his daughters to his sons, and this practice was later forbidden. The Law of Ibrahim allowed the man to take female servants as companions along with his wife, as Ibrahim did when he took Hajar, while he was married to Sarah. Later on, the Tawrah prohibited this practice. It was previously allowed to take two sisters as wives at the same time, as Yaqub married two sisters at the same time. Later on, this practice was prohibited in the Tawrah. All these examples are in the Tawrah and constitute a Naskh (abrogation) of the Law. Therefore, let the Jews consider what Allah legislated for Isa and if such legislation falls under the category of abrogation or not. Why do they not then follow Isa in this regard? Rather, the Jews defied and rebelled against Isa and against the correct religion that Allah sent Muhammad with.

This is why Allah said, “All food was lawful to the Children of Israel, except what Isra’il made unlawful for himself before the Tawrah was revealed” (3:93) meaning, before the Tawrah was revealed, all types of foods were allowed, except what Isra’il prohibited for himself. Allah then said, “Say: “Bring here the Tawrah and recite it, if you are truthful.”, for the Tawrah affirms what we are stating here. Allah said next, “Then after that, whosoever shall invent a lie against Allah, then these it is that are the wrongdoers.” (3:94), in reference to those who lie about Allah and claim that He made the Sabbath and the Tawrah eternal. They are those who claim that Allah did not send another Prophet calling to Allah with the proofs and evidences, although evidence indicates that abrogation, as we have described, occurred before in the Tawrah, “then these it is that are the wrongdoers” Allah then said, “Say, “Allah has spoken the truth;” (3:95) meaning,’O Muhammad, say that Allah has said the truth in what He conveyed and legislated in the Qur’an, “follow the religion of Ibrahim the Hanif, and he was not of the idolators.” (3:95).

Therefore, follow the religion of Ibrahim that Allah legislated in the Qur’an. Indeed, this is the truth, there is no doubt in it, and the perfect way, and no Prophet has brought a more complete, clear, plain and perfect way than he did. Allah said in other Ayat,

“Say: “Truly, my Lord has guided me to a straight path, a right religion, the religion of Ibrahim, the Hanif, and he was not of the idolators.” (6:161)

and,

“Then, We have sent the revelation to you (saying): “Follow the religion of Ibrahim, the Hanif, and he was not of the idolaters.” (16:123).

 

{96. Verily, the first House (of worship) appointed for mankind was that at Bakkah (Makkah), full of blessing, and a guidance for Al-Alamin (mankind and Jinn).

97. In it are manifest signs (for example), the Maqam (station) of Ibrahim; whosoever enters it, he attains security. And Hajj to the House is a duty that mankind owes to Allah, for those who are able to undertake the journey; and whoever disbelieves, then Allah stands not in need of any of the Alamin.}

 

The Kabah is the First House of Worship

Allah said, “Verily, the first House appointed for mankind” for all people, for their acts of worship and religious rituals. They go around the House [in Tawaf], pray in its vicinity and remain in its area in Itikaf, “was that at Bakkah” meaning, the Kabah that was built by Ibrahim Al-Khalil, whose religion the Jews and Christians claim they follow. However, they do not perform Hajj to the house that Ibrahim built by Allah’s command, and to which he invited the people to perform Hajj. Allah said next, “full of blessing”, sanctified, “and a guidance for Al-Alamin”

Imam Ahmad recorded that Abu Dharr said; “I said, ‘O Allah’s Messenger! Which Masjid was the first to be built on the surface of the earth?’ He said, ‘Al-Masjid Al-Haram (in Makkah).’ I said, ‘Which was built next?’ He replied ‘Al-Masjid Al-Aqsa (in Jerusalem).’ I said, ‘What was the period of time between building the two?’ He said, ‘Forty years.’ He added, ‘‘Wherever (you may be, and) the prayer becomes due, perform the prayer there, for the whole earth was made a Masjid.” (Ahmad 5:150) Al-Bukhari and Muslim also collected this Hadith. (Fath Al-Bari 6:469) Muslim 1:370)

The Names of Makkah, Such As Bakkah

Allah said, “was that at Bakkah”, where Bakkah is one of the names of Makkah. Bakkah means, ‘it brings Buka’ (crying, weeping) to the tyrants and arrogant, meaning they cry and become humble in its vicinity. It was also said that Makkah was called Bakkah because people do Buka next to it, meaning they gather around it. There are many names for Makkah, such as Bakkah, Al-Bayt Al- Atiq (the Ancient House), Al-Bayt Al-Haram (the Sacred House), Al-Balad Al-Amin (the City of Safety) and Al-Ma’mun (Security). Makkah’s names include Umm Rahm (Mother of Mercy), Umm Al-Qura (Mother of the Towns), Salah, (as well as others).

The Station of Ibrahim

Allah’s statement, “In it are manifest signs” (3:97), means, clear signs that Ibrahim built the Ka’bah and that Allah has honoured and blessed it. Allah then said, “the Maqam (station) of Ibrahim” When the building [the Kabah] was raised, Ibrahim stood on; the Maqam so that he could raise the walls higher, while his son Ismail was handing the stones to him. We should mention that the Maqam used to be situated right next to the House. Later, and during his reign, Umar bin Al-Khattab moved the Maqam farther to the east, so that those who go around the House in Tawaf are able to perform it easily, without disturbing those who pray next to the Maqam after finishing their Tawaf. Allah commanded us to pray next to the Maqam;

“And take you (people) the Maqam (station) of Ibrahim as a place of prayer” (2:125).

We mentioned the Hadiths about this subject before, and all the thanks are due to Allah. Al- Awfi said that, Ibn Abbas commented on Allah’s statement, “In it are manifest signs, the Maqam of Ibrahim” “Such as the Maqam and Al-Mashar [Al-Haram].” Mujahid said, “The impression of Ibrahim’s feet remains on the Maqam as a clear sign.” It was reported that Umar bin Abdul-Aziz, Al- Hasan, Qat adah, As-Suddi, Muqat il bin Hayyan and others said similarly.

Al-Haram, the Sacred Area, is a Safe Area

Allah said, “whosoever enters it, he attains security” (3:97) meaning, the Haram of Makkah is a safe refuge for those in a state of fear. There in its vicinity, they will be safe, just as was the case during the time of Jahiliyyah. Al-Hasan Al-Basri said, “(During the time of Jahiliyyah) a man would commit murder, then wear a piece of wool around his neck and enter the Haram. And even when the son of the murdered person would meet him, he would not make a move against him, until he left the sanctuary.” Allah said,

 “Have they not seen that We have made (Makkah) a secure sanctuary, while men are being snatched away from all around them?” (29:67), and,

“So let them worship (Allah) the Lord of this House (the Kabah). (He) Who has fed them against hunger, and has made them safe from fear” (106:3-4).

It is not allowed for anyone to hunt in the Haram or to drive game out of its den to be hunted, or cut the trees in its vicinity, or pick its grass, as the Hadiths of the Prophet and the statements of the Companions testify. The Two Sahihs recorded (this being the wording of Muslim) that Ibn Abbas said, “On the day of the conquest of Makkah, the Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings of Allah be upon him, said,

“There is no more Hijrah (migration to Makkah), only Jihad and good intention. If you were mobilized, then march forth.” 

He also said on the day of the conquest of Makkah,

“Beware! Allah made this town (Makkah) a sanctuary when He created the heavens and earth, and it is sacred by Allah’s decree until the Day of Resurrection. Fighting in Makkah was not permitted for anyone before me, and it was made legal for me for only a few hours or so on that day. No doubt it is at this moment a sanctuary by Allah’s decree until the Day of Resurrection. It is not allowed to uproot its thorny shrubs, hunt its game, pick up its lost objects, except by announcing it, or to up root its trees.”

Al-Abbas said, ‘Except the lemon grass, O Allah’s Messenger, as they use it in their houses and graves.’ The Prophet, peace and blessings of Allah be upon him said:

“Except lemongrass.” (Fath Al-Bari 4:56, Muslim 2:986)

The Two Sahihs also recorded that Abu Shurayh Al-Adawi said that he said to Amr bin Said while he was sending the troops to Makkah (to fight Abdullah bin Az-Zubayr), “O Commander! Allow me to tell you what Allah’s Messenger said on the day following the conquest of Makkah. My ears heard it and my heart memorized it thoroughly, and I saw the Prophet with my own eyes when he, after glorifying and praising Allah, said,

“Allah, not the people, made Makkah a sanctuary. Therefore, anybody who has belief in Allah and the Last Day, should neither shed blood in it nor cut down its trees. If anybody argues that fighting in it is permissible on the basis that Allah’s Messenger fought in Makkah, say to him, ‘Allah allowed His Messenger and did not allow you.’ Allah allowed me only for a few hours on that day (of the conquest), and today its sanctity is as valid as it was before. So, those who are present, should inform those who are absent of this fact.” 

Abu Shurayh was asked, “What did ‘Amr reply?” He said that Amr said, “O Abu Shurayh! I know better than you in this respect; Makkah does not give protection to a sinner, a murderer or a thief.” (Muslim 2:987)

Jabir bin Abdullah said, “I heard the Messenger of Allah saying,

“None of you is allowed to carry a weapon in Makkah.” (Muslim 2:989)

Abdullah bin Adi bin Al-Hamra Az-Zuhri said that he heard the Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings of Allah be upon him say while standing at Al-Hazwarah in the marketplace of Makkah,

“By Allah! You are the best of Allah’s land and the most beloved land to Allah. Had it not been for the fact that I was driven out of you, I would not have left you.” (Ahmad 4:305)

The Necessity of Performing Hajj

Allah said, “And Hajj to the House is a duty that mankind owes to Allah, for those who are able to undertake the journey” (3:97). This Ayah established the obligation of performing Hajj. There are many Hadiths that mention it as one of the pillars and fundamentals of Islam, and this is agreed upon by the Muslims. According to texts and the consensus of the scholars, it is only obligatory for the adult Muslim to perform it once during his lifetime. Imam Ahmad recorded that Abu Hurayrah said that the Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings of Allah be upon him, once gave a speech in which he said,

”O people! Hajj has been enjoined on you, therefore, perform Hajj.”

A man asked, “Is it every year, O Allah’s Messenger?” The Prophet remained silent until the man repeated the question three times and he then said,

”Had I said yes, it would have become an obligation and you would not have been able to fulfill it.” He said next,

”Leave me as I leave you, those before you were destroyed because of their many questions and disputing with their Prophets. If I command you with something, perform it as much as you can. If I forbid something for you, then refrain from it.” (Muslim:2:975)

Meaning of ‘Afford’ in the Ayah

There are several categories of “the ability to under take the journey”. There is the physical ability of the person himself and the ability that is related to other things as mentioned in the books of jurisprudence. Abu Isa At-Tirmidhi recorded that Ibn Umar said, “A man stood up and asked the Messenger of Allah , ‘O Messenger of Allah! Who is the pilgrim?’ He said, ‘He who has untidy hair and clothes.’ Another man asked, ‘Which Hajj is better, O Messenger of Allah?’ He said, ‘The noisy (with supplication to Allah) and bloody (with sacrifice).’ Another man asked, ‘What is the ability to undertake the journey, O Messenger of Allah?’ He said, ‘Having provision and a means of transportation.”’ (Tuhfat Al-Ahwadhi 8:348)

Al- Hakim narrated that Anas said that the Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings of Allah be upon him, was asked about Allah’s statement, ”for those who are able to undertake the journey” (3:97) “What does ‘able to under take the journey’ mean?” The Prophet, peace and blessings of Allah be upon him, answered, “Having sufficient provision and a means of transportation.”  (Al-Hakim 1:442)

Ahmad recorded that Ibn  Abbas said that the Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings of Allah be upon him said,

 ”Whoever intends to perform Hajj, let him rush to perform it.” (Ahmad 1:225)

The One who Denies the Necessity of Hajj Becomes a Disbeliever

Allah said, ”…and whoever disbelieves, then Allah stands not in need of any of the Alamin” (3:97). Ibn Abbas, Mujahid and several others commented on this Ayah, “Whoever denies the necessity of Hajj becomes disbeliever, and Allah is far Richer than to need him.” Al-Hafiz Abu Bakr Al-Isma’ili recorded that Umar bin Al-Khattab said, “Whoever can afford Hajj but did not perform it, there is no difference in his case if he dies while Jew or Christian.” This has an authentic chain of narration leading to Umar.(Al-Hilyah 9:252)

 

{98. Say: “OPeople of the Scripture (Jews and Christians)! Why do you reject the Ayat of Allah, while Allah is Witness to what you do?”

99. Say: “O People of the Scripture (Jews and Christians)! Why do you stop those who have believed, from the path of Allah, seeking to make it seem crooked, while you (yourselves) are witnesses? And Allah is not unaware of what you do. ”}

 

Chastising the People of the Book for Their Disbelief and Blocking the Path of Allah

In this Ayah Allah criticizes the disbelieving People of the Book for refusing the truth, rejecting Allah’s Ayat and hindering those who seek to believe from His path, although they know that what the Messenger was sent with is the truth from Allah. They learned this from the previous Prophets and honorable Messengers, may Allah’s peace and blessings be on them all. They all brought the glad tidings and the good news of the coming of the unlettered, Arab, Hashimi Prophet from Makkah, the master of the Children of Adam, the Final Prophet and the Messenger of the Lord of heavens and earth. Allah has warned the People of the Book against this behavior, stating that He is Witness over what they do, indicating their defiance of the knowledge conveyed to them by the Prophets. They rejected, denied and refused the very Messenger whom they were ordered to convey the glad tidings about his coming. Allah states that He is never unaware of what they do, and He will hold them responsible for their actions,

”The Day whereon neither wealth nor sons will avail” (26:88).

 

{100. O you who believe! If you obey a group of those who were given the Scripture (Jews and Christians), they would (indeed) render you disbelievers after you have believed!

101. And how would you disbelieve, while unto you are recited the verses of Allah, and among you is His Messenger? And whoever depends upon Allah, then he is indeed guided to the right path.}

Warning Muslims Against Imitating People of the Scriptures

Allah warns His believing servants against obeying the People of the Book, who envy the believers for the favor that Allah gave them by sending His Messenger . Similarly, Allah said,

”Many of the People of the Scripture (Jews and Christians) wish that they could turn you away as disbelievers after you have believed, out of their own envy” (2:109).

In this Ayah (3:100), Allah said, ”If you obey a group of those who were given the Scripture (Jews and Christians), they would (indeed) render you disbelievers after you have believed!”, then said, ”And how would you disbelieve, while unto you are recited the verses of Allah, and among you is His Messenger?”, meaning, disbelief is far from touching you, since the Ayat of Allah are being sent down on His Messenger day and night, and he recites and conveys them to you. Similarly, Allah said,

”And what is the matter with you that you believe not in Allah! While the Messenger invites you to believe in your Lord; and He has indeed taken your covenant, if you are real believers” (57:8).

A Hadith states that one day, the Prophet, peace and blessings be upon him, said to his Companions, “Who among the faithful believers do you consider has the most amazing faith?” They said, “The angels.” He said, “Why would they not believe, since they are with their Lord?” They mentioned the Prophets, and the Prophet said, “Why would they not believe while the revelation is sent down to them?” They said, “Then, we are.” He said, “Why would not you believe when I am among you?” They asked, “Who has the most amazing faith?” The Prophet said, “A people who will come after you and who will find only books that they will believe in.” (At-Tabarani 4:22-23)

Allah said next, “And whoever depends upon Allah, then he is indeed guided to the right path” (3:101) for trusting and relying on Allah are the basis of achieving the right guidance and staying away from the path of wickedness. They also represent the tool to acquiring guidance and truth and achieving the righteous aims.

 

{102. O you who believe! Have Taqwa of Allah as is His due, and die not except as (true) Muslims.

103. And hold fast, all of you together, to the Rope of Allah, and be not divided among yourselves, and remember Allah’s favor on you, for you were enemies of one another but He joined your hearts together, so that, by His grace, you became brethren, and you were on the brink of a pit of Fire, and He saved you from it. Thus Allah makes His Ayat clear to you, that you may be guided.}

 

Meaning of  Taqwa of Allah

Ibn Abi Hatim recorded that Abdullah bin Masud commented on the Ayah, ”Have Taqwa of Allah as is His due” “That He is obeyed and not defied, remembered and not forgotten and appreciated and not unappreciated.” This has an authentic chain of narration to Abdullah bin Masud. Al-Hakim collected this Hadith in his Mustadrak, from Ibn Masud, who related it to the Prophet, peace and blessings of Allah be upon him. Al- Hakim said, “It is authentic according to the criteria of the Two Shaykhs [Al-Bukhari and Muslim], and they did not record it.” (Al-Hakim 2:294) This is what he said, but it appears that it is only a statement of Abdullah bin Masud, and Allah knows best. It was also reported that Anas said, “The servant will not have Taqwa of Allah as is His due until he keeps his tongue idle.” Allah’s statement, “and die not except as (true) Muslims” (3:102), means, preserve your Islam while you are well and safe, so that you die as a Muslim. The Most Generous Allah has made it His decision that whatever state one lives in, that is what he dies upon and is resurrected upon. We seek refuge from dying on other than Islam.

Imam Ahmad recorded that Mujahid said, “The people were circling around the Sacred House when Ibn Abbas was sitting, holding a bent-handled walking stick. Ibn Abbas said, The Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings of Allah be upon him [recited], ”Have Taqwa of Allah as is His due, die not except as (true) Muslims.” (3:102), then he said; ‘‘Verily, if a drop of Zaqqum (a tree in Hell) falls, it will spoil life for the people of earth. What about those whose food is only from Zaqqum?” (Ahmad 1:300)

 

Imam Ahmad recorded that Jabir said that three nights before the Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings of Allah be upon him died he heard him saying;

”None of you should die except while having sincere trust in Allah, the Exalted and Most Honorable.” (Muslim 4:2205)

The Two Sahihs record that Abu Hurayrah said that the Messenger of Allah said,

”Allah said, “I am as My servant thinks of Me.” (Fath Al-Bari 13:395)

The Necessity of Holding to the Path of Allah and the Community of the Believers

Allah said next, ”And hold fast, all of you together, to the Rope of Allah, and be not divided among yourselves.” It was said that, ”to the Rope of Allah” refers to Allah’s covenant, just as Allah said in the following Ayah, ‘Indignity is put over them wherever they may be, except when under a covenant (of protection) from Allah, and from men” (3:112), in reference to pledges and peace treaties.

Allah’s statement ”and be not divided among yourselves”, orders sticking to the community of the believers and forbids division. There are several Hadiths that require adhering to the Jama’ah (congregation of believers) and prohibit division. Muslim recorded that Abu Hurayrah said that the Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings of Allah be upon him said,

”It pleases Allah for you to acquire three qualities and displeases Him that you acquire three characteristics. It pleases Him that you worship Him Alone and not associate anything or anyone with Him in worship, that you hold on to the Rope of Allah altogether and do not divide, and that you advise whoever Allah appoints as your Leader. The three that displease Him are that you say, ‘It was said,’ and, ‘So-and-so said,’ asking many unnecessary questions and wasting money.” (Muslim 3:1340)

Allah said, ”and remember Allah’s favor on you, for you were enemies one to another but He joined your hearts together, so that, by His grace, you became brethren” (3:103). This was revealed about the Aws and Khazraj. During the time of Jahiliyyah, the Aws and Khazraj were at war and had great hatred, enmity and ill feelings towards each other, causing long conflicts and battles to occur between them. When Allah brought Islam, those among them who embraced it became brothers who loved each other by Allah’s grace, having good ties for Allah’s sake and helping each other in righteousness and piety. Allah said,

”He it is Who has supported you with His Help and with the believers. And He has united their hearts. If you had spent all that is in the earth, you could not have united their hearts, but Allah has united them” (8:62,63), until the end of the Ayah.

Before Islam, their disbelief had them standing at the edge of a pit of the Fire, but Allah saved them from it and delivered them to faith. The Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings of Allah be upon him, reminded the Ansar (from both Aws and Khazraj) of this bounty when he was dividing the war booty of Hunayn. During that time, some Ansar did not like the way the booty was divided, since they did not get what the others did, although that was what Allah directed His Prophet to do. The Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings of Allah be upon him gave them a speech, in which he said,

”O Ansar! Did I not find you misguided and Allah directed you to guidance because of me? Were you not divided beforehand and Allah united you around me? Were you not poor and Allah enriched you because of me?” 

Whenever the Prophet asked them a question, they would answer, “Indeed, Allah and His Messenger have granted us bounty.” (An-Nasai in Al-Kubra 5:91)

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