What Surahs and ayat are included in the Eleventh Juz’?
The eleventh juz’ of the Qur’an contains the last part of ninth chapter Surah At-Tawbah (The Repentance) from ayah 94 and the complete tenth chapter Surah Yunus (Jonah) and the beginning of the eleventh chapter Surah Hud (Hud) up to ayah 5.
When were the ayat of this juz’ revealed?
These last ayat of Surah At-Tawbah were revealed in 9 A.H. in Madinah after the return from the Campaign of Tabuk. We have no specific hadith to verify the period of revelation of the next two Surahs, although judging by the subject matter, scholars have come to the conclusion that Surah Yunus was revealed in Makkah, probably towards the end of the Prophet’s time there, peace and blessings be upon him. Surah Hud was likely revealed during the same period, just before the Hijrah.
“It is He Who made the sun a shining thing and the moon as a light and measured out for it stages that you might know the number of years and the reckoning. Allah did not create this but in truth. He explains the Ayat in detail for people who have knowledge.” (Surah Yunus 10:5)
“And when harm touches man, he invokes Us, lying on his side, or sitting or standing. But when We have removed his harm from him, he passes on as if he had never invoked Us for for a harm that touched him! Thus it is made fair-seeming to the Musrifun (those who transgress Allah’s limits) that which they used to do.” (Surah Yunus 10:12)
“And this Qur’an is not such as could ever be produced by other then Allah, but it is a confirmation of (the Revelation) which was before it, and a full explanation of the Book wherein there is no doubt – from the Lord of the ‘Alamin (mankind, jinn and all that exists).” (Surah Yunus 10:37)
“Neither you (O Muhammad) do any deed or recite any portion of the Qur’an, nor you (O mankind) do any deed (good or evil) but We are Witness thereof when you are doing it. And nothing is hidden from your Lord (so much as) the weight of an atom (or small ant) on the earth or in the heaven. Not what is less than that or what is greater than that but is (written) in a Clear Record.” (Surah Yunus 10:61)
“And if Allah touches you with harm, there is none who can remove it but He; and if He intends any good for you, there is none who can repel His favour which He causes it to reach whomsoever of His slaves he wills. And He is the Oft-Forgiving, the Most Merciful.” (Surah Yunus 10:107)
What are the main themes of this juz’?
The last part of Surah At-Tawbah continues with the theme of the lessons learnt from the Battle of Tabuk. The deceit of the hypocrites is highlighted, and Allah advises the Prophet, peace be upon him, that there are hypocrites amongst the bedouins and the people of Madinah that he is unaware of, but Allah is Aware of all things and will give them a double punishment (9:101). This is contrasted with those who do good deeds mixed with evil ones, and acknowledge their sins, these people Allah may choose to forgive.
The central theme of Surah Yunus is that Allah’s Creation should not be viewed as a creation of material things only. It is more significant that He reveals Himself to us through Prophets and Scriptures. Those who believe are promised Gardens of Delight (Paradise), but those who are ungrateful and deny Allah’s Signs or set up partners with Him in worship, will suffer the torment of punishment. We are reminded of the generations before us who were destroyed for the wrong that they did, including rejection of the Prophets Nuh (Noah), Musa (Moses) and Harun (Aaron), peace be upon them all. The story of the Prophet Musa, peace be upon him, is highlighted, and how Fir’aun (Pharoah) accused him or sorcery (10:75-86). The only community that believed after seeing the punishment, and were saved by their faith, were the people of Yunus (Jonah), peace be upon him (10:98).
Surah Hud opens with the declaration that this Qur’an is a Book of perfected ayat, each explained in detail. They call to worship of Allah alone, and that Muhammad, peace be upon him, is a warner and bringer of glad tidings. We are comanded to seek forgveness from Allah, and to turn to Him in repentance, that He may bestow His Grace upon us. If we turn away then there will be certain punishment.