“the Last Day”
Belief in ‘the Last Day’ was the next article of faith mentioned by the Prophet (s) in the Hadith of Jibreel, posted in full below. It is named ‘the Last Day’ because there will be no new day after it. It is also known as ‘The Day of Resurrection’, ‘The Reality’, ‘The Overwhelming’, ‘The Event’ and ‘The Day of Judgement’. This is the both the greatest and the gravest day that mankind shall ever pass through. It will mark a new beginning for each and every soul. One that may be eternal bliss or eternal suffering.
It is recorded in a hadith in Sahih Muslim, that before the Day of Judgement and the destruction of the earth, Allah (swt) will send a wind softer than silk, coming from Yemen, that will take the souls of every indiviual who has even the slightest amount of faith in his heart. The traumatic events of the ending of the earth will be experienced only by the worst of people, who had no faith in their hearts whatsoever. The sun will rise from the West, and people will declare their faith but it will be of no avail to them. Then the Horn shall be blown and all on the earth will die.
After a period of fourty – hours, days or years is not known – a second Horn will be blown and the people will be resurrected. Allah (swt) says in the Qur’an:
“And the Trumpet will be blown [the second blowing] and, behold, from the graves they will come out quickly to their Lord. They will say, ‘Woe to us! Who raised us up from our place of sleep?’ [It will be said to them,] ‘This is what the Most Beneficient [Allah] has promised, and the Messengers spoke the truth.” (Surah Ya-Seen:51-52)
The people will be resurrected in the body they lived in on this earth, and they shall be naked, barefoot and uncircumcised. Allah (swt) will then command the angels to drive all of humanity to a predetermined place where they will be gathered to await their judgements. Allah’s Messenger (s) said of this time:
“On the Day of Resurrection, the sun would draw so close to the people that there would be left only the distance of one mile. The people would be submerged in perspiration according to their deeds, some up to their knees, some up to their waist and some would have the bridle of perspiration and, while saying this, the Prophet then pointed his hand towards his mouth.” (Recorded in Muslim)
Some people, however will be protected from the sun in the shade of Allah (swt). Abu Hurayrah (r) reported that the Messenger of Allah (s) said:
“Allah will give to shade to seven (types of people) on the Day when there is no shade but His: (These seven types are) 1) A just ruler; 2) A youth who has been brought up in the worship of Allah; 3) One whose heart is attached to the mosques [prays prayer in congregation]; 4) Two people who love each other only for Allah’s sake and they meet and part in Allah’s cause; 5) One who refuses the call of a charming woman of noble birth for illicit intercourse with her and says: I am afraid of Allah; 6) One who gives charitable gifts so secretly that his left hand does not know what his right hand has given [nobody knows what he has given in charity]; 7) One who remembers Allah in seclusion and his eyes are then flooded with tears.” (Recorded in Bukhari)
Then will come the presentation and reckoning of deeds. Each person will be presented with a record of their deeds in their hands and will read them. If they are of those people to be saved they will receive their record in their right hand and Allah (swt) will forgive their sins and allow them to enter Paradise. As for those whose transgressions were many, they will recieve their records from behind their backs and they will brought to account and questioned for every great and small action. The Prophet (s) has said, as is recorded in Sahih Bukhari, that those who are questioned about their accounts will be punished.
It is recorded in a hadith in Sahih Muslim, that the believers will gather to drink from The Fount of the Messenger of Allah (s) after he (s) has first drunk from it himself, but those who have committed major sins or made innovations in the religion will be barred from drinking from it. This Fount is so large that it would take a month’s journey to cross it. It is filled with water from the river Kawthar in Paradise which is whiter than milk, colder than ice, sweeter than honey and has a scent more pleasant than musk. Whoever drinks from it will never feel thirst again.
Allah (swt) and His Messenger (s) have told us that people’s good and bad deeds will be weighed in a scale on the Day of Judgement, as a demonstration of the Justice of Allah (swt). This aspect is mentioned in numerous verses in the Qur’an including:
“And We shall set up the balances of justice on the Day of Resurrection, then none will be dealt with unjustly in anything. And if there be the weight of a mustard seed, We will bring it. And sufficient are We as those who reckon.” (Surah al-Anbiyaa:47)
Many Ahaadeeth tell us that the weighing takes place on a real scale, with two plates, and that good deeds will be weighed on one side and evil deeds on the other. The weighing takes place after the reckoning, and illustrates the value of the deeds performed and decides their commensurate recompense. It is important to note that the reward that Allah (swt) gives to His servants is an act of His mercy, however His (swt) punishment is out of His justice and He does not punish anyone more than he deserves.
All the people will then pass over a bridge known as as-Sirat, set across the Hellfire. The ease with which people will cross this bridge will depend on their deeds in this life. Some will pass like meteorites, others like the wind, or as fast as the blink of an eye, others will pass as though wading through sand, and some will take one step, and stumble, and then fall into the Fire.
Once the believers have passed over the Hellfire, they will be held on a small bridge between it and Paradise. There will be a final settling of personal accounts and retaliation for injustices between the believers for what passed between them in this life. Then they will be allowed to enter Paradise.
SubhanAllah… the magnitude of it… it quickens the heart… brings a lump to the throat… and tears to the eyes. May Allah save us from the Hellfire and make us of those who enter His Paradise. Ameen.