Thirtieth Juz’

Contents

The thirtieth juz’ of the Quran includes the last 36 Surahs of the Qur’an, starting from Surah An-Naba’ and continuing until the last Surah of the Quran,  Surah An-Nas.

Revelation

Most of these short Surahs were revealed at the beginning of the Makkan period, when the Muslim community was small in number. Surah Al-Intifar (The Cleaving), Surah Mutaffifin (Those Who Deal in Fraud), Surah Al-Bayinnah (The Clear Evidence) and theAl-Mu’awwidhatayn – Surah Al-Falaq (The Daybreak) and An-Nas (Mankind) – were revealed later in Madinah.

From the many Virtues of these Surahs

Imam Ahmad recorded from Ibn Umar that the Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings of Allah be upon him, said: “Whoever wishes to look at the Day of Judgement as if he is seeing it with his own eyes, then let him read, ‘When the sun is wound round.’ (Surah At-Takwir) and; ‘When the heaven is cleft asunder.’ (Surah Al-Intifar) and; ‘When the heaven is split asunder.’ (Surah Al-Inshiqaq).”

Imam Ahmad recorded from An-Nu’man bin Bashir that the Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings of Allah be upon him, recited Surat Al-A’la and Surat Al-Ghashiyah in the two ‘Id prayers. If the ‘Id prayer fell on Friday, he would recite them in both prayers (‘Id and Salat Al-Jumu’ah). Muslim also recorded this in his Sahih.

Malik and Shu`bah narrated from ‘Adi bin Thabit, who narrated that Al-Bara’ bin Azib said, “The Prophet used to recite in one of his Rakahs while traveling At-Tin wa-Zaytun’ (Surat At-Tin), and I have never heard anyone with a nicer voice or recitation than him.” The Group has recorded this Hadith in their books.

Ahmad also recorded that Ibn Umar said, “I watched the Prophet twenty-four or twenty-five times reciting in the two Rakahs before the Morning prayer and the two Rakahs after the Sunset prayer, ‘Say: “O Al-Kafirun!”’ (Surah Al-Kafirun) and ‘Say: “He is Allah One.” (Surah Al-Ihklas)

An-Nasa’i recorded from Ubaydullah bin Abdullah bin Utbah that Ibn Abbas said to him, “O Ibn Utbah! Do you know the last Surah of the Qur’an that was revealed” He answered, “Yes, it was ‘When there comes the help of Allah and the Conquest.’ (Surah An-Nasr)”. He (Ibn Abbas) said, “You have spoken truthfully.”

Al-Bukhari reported from Amrah bint Abdur-Rahman, who used to stay in the apartment of A’ishah, the wife of the Prophet , that A’ishah said, “The Prophet sent a man as the commander of a war expedition and he used to lead his companions in prayer with recitation (of the Qur’an). And he would complete his recitation with the recitation of ‘Say: He is Allah, One.’ (Surah Al-Ihklas) So when they returned they mentioned that to the Prophet and he said, “Ask him why does he do that.” So they asked him and he said, ‘Because it is the description of Ar-Rahman and I love to recite it. So the Prophet said, “Inform him that Allah the Most High loves him.)’ This is how Al-Bukhari recorded this Hadith in his Book of Tawhid.

In his Sahih, Muslim recorded on the authority of Uqbah bin Amir that the Messenger of Allah said, ‘Do you not see that there have been Ayat revealed to me tonight the like of which has not been seen before.’ They are ‘Say: “I seek refuge with, the Lord of Al-Falaq.” (Surah Al-Falaq) and ‘Say: “I seek refuge with the Lord of mankind.” (Surah An-Nas) This Hadith was recorded by Ahmad, At-Tirmidhi and An-Nasa’i.

Select Quotations

“Truly, Hell is a place of ambush – A dwelling place for the Taghun (transgressors and wrongdoers) they will abide therein for ages. Nothing cool shall they taste therein, nor any drink. Except boiling water, and dirty wound discharges – an exact recompense (according to their crimes). For verily they used no to look for a reckoning.” (Surah An-Naba 78:21-27)

“Let man look at his food, We pour fourth water in abundance, And We split the earth in clefts. And We cause the grain to grow, and grapes and clover plants, And olives and date palms, And gardens dense with many trees, And fruits and herbage. (To be) a provision and benefit for you and your cattle.”(Surah ‘Abasa 80:24-32)

“O man! What has made you careless about your Lord, the Most Generous?”(Surah Al-Intifar 82:6)

“Verily, those who believe and do righteous deeds, for them will be Gardens under which rivers flow (Paradise); That is the great success.” (Surah Al-Buruj 85:11)

“As for man, when his Lord tries him by giving him honour and bounties, then he says: ‘My Lord had honoured me!’ But when he tries him by straitening his means of life, he says, ‘My Lord has humiliated me!’ Nay! But you treat no the orphans with kindness and generosity And urge not one another on the feeding of the poor And you devour the inheritance – all with greed. And you love wealth with much love.” (Surah Al-Fajr 89:15-20)

“Indeed he succeeds who purifies his own self, And indeed he fails who corrupts his own self.” (Surah Ash-Shams 91:9)

“Certainly, your efforts and deeds are are diverse, As for him who gives (in charity) and keeps his duty to Allah and fears Him, And believes in Al-Husna (the best/reward from Allah) We will make smooth for him the path of ease (goodness). But he who is a greedy miser and thinks himself self-sufficient. And denies Al-Husna, We will make smooth for him the path for evil.” (Surah Al-Lail 92:4-10)

“Verily, along with every hardship is relief. Verily, with every hardship is relief. So when you have finished (your occupation), devote yourself to Allah’s worship. And to your Lord (Alone) turn (all your) intentions and hopes.” (Surah Ash-Sharh 94:5-8)

“When the earth is shaken with its (final) earthquake, And when the earth throws out its burdens. And man will say: ‘What is the matter with it?’ That Day it will declare its information (about all that happened over it of good and evil) Because your Lord will inspire it.” (Surah Az-Zalzalah 99:1-4)

“By the time, verily man is in loss. Except those who believe and righteous good deeds, and recommend one another to the truth and recommend one another to patience.” (Surah Al-Asr 103:1-3)

Main Themes

This entire juz’ has a special place in the hearts of Muslims. It is called Juz’ Amma, a name which reflects the first word of the first ayah of this section (78:1), and contains short Surahs which are memorised by many of us.

These early Makkan Surahs were revealed at a time when Muslim community was small in number, and in need of confirmation and support. The passages remind the believers of Allah’s Mercy, and the promise that in the end, good will prevail over evil. They enjoin us to look at Allah’s Signs in His Creation: our food, water and plants (80:24-32); our bodies fashioned us perfectly in due proportion (82:7); the heaven holding stars (85:1);  the sky which gives rain (86:11); mountains and how they are rooted (89:19); the bright sun and the moon that follows it (91:1-2); His is the Dominion of the heavens and earth (85:9), will we not then take heed?

The Qur’an is described as a revelation of spiritual guidance.  Believers are advised to patiently persevere, and remain strong in what they believe. Judgement Day will be a terrifying experience: when ‘hearts will shake with fear and anxiety’ (79:8); ‘that Day shall a man flee from his brother, and from his mother and his father, and from his wife and his children’ (80:34-36); ‘the seas become as a blazing Fire’ (81:6); ‘when the graves are turned upside down’ (82:4); ‘the heaven is split asunder’ (84:1) and ‘mankind will be like moths scattered about’ (101:4).

Those who believe in the Message and do righteous deeds, such as prayer, fasting and giving charity, will be rewarded with Paradise which is described as a place where the believers recline on ‘thrones’ (83:23); drinking (non-intoxicating) wine that smells of musk (83:26); in ‘gardens under which rivers flow’ (85:11);  ‘cups set at hand, and cushions set in rows, and rich carpets (all) spread out’ (88:14-16).

Those who disbelieve in the Message are given the threat of torment and punishment. Hell in described in frightening detail as a place of ‘ambush’ (78:21); where the disbelievers in the Fire will ‘taste its burning’ (84:12); there they will neither die nor live (88:13); and be made to ‘drink from a boiling spring’ (88:5); and eat from a ‘poisonous thorny plant’ (88:6); the Fire will ‘leap up over their hearts’ (104:7) and ‘will be shut over them’ (90:20).

May Allah make us of those who are saved from the Hellfire and its torments, and of those who enter His Paradise swiftly. May He accept this study of His Glorious Qur’an as part of our worship of Him Alone, in all His Glory. Ameen.

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Mankind is in Need of Allah the Most High

The leniency of Allah toward his slaves is pre-eternal. As the child is born He sparks for him a river of milk coming out of the springs of his mother’s breast and implanted instinctual love towards him in the hearts of his parents until He overwhelms them with His grace. Yet, after this child grows up and becomes aware of the One Who bestowed all these graces upon him, he utilises all these graces in disobeying Allah. As the poet has said: ‘A person spends his nights wearing the robe of impiety, nevertheless Allah covers him with the shelter of His forbearance without knowing so.’ After he reaches the age of puberty and realises the peak of his strength he rushes to issue forth a challenge of disobedience! But for whose interest? And against whom? And to get to where? And who are you in the first place to proclaim a challenge? May Allah annihilate the one who does not appreciate His favours upon him.

O you! Allah has bestowed upon you a mercy incomparable to any other mercy; when you repent your sins he orders his Angels to overlook what he recorded against you, and when He judges you He covers your shortcomings so that others do not see the yellowness of your skin caused by your shame. O you! Allah had bestowed upon you a mercy incomparable to any other mercy; when you recent from your sins he orders his Angels to overlook what he recorded against you, and when He judges you He covers you shortcomings so that others do not see the yellowness of your skin caused by your shame. O you whose innate nature is that of purity, beware of debasing yourself with the filth of sins. Lift up the tails of piety above the trash of self-desires and beware of the sprays of mistakes so it does not touch your pure garments.

To observe your duties you should firmly shield yourself from sins so look ahead because “But of you slip after clear proofs have come to you, then know that Allah if Exalted in Might and Wise.” (al-Baqrah 2:209) And know that the fountain of your eyes shall wash off the dirt staining your heart.

Since your affairs were sound at your first day of “And mention when your Lord took from the children of Adam – from their loins – their descendants and made them testify to themselves, saying to them, “Am I not your Lord?” (al-Araf 7:172)

Thus you better rectify your affairs at the end so that what is in between be forgiven. O you who has been far away from his home is where it was said “Am I not your Lord?” (al-Araf 7:172) did you not long for it yet? As the poet said: ‘Give your heart to whoever you desire… for Love is only granted to the first lover’. O you who turned away from his Lord, what else kept you away from your Lord so you turned to it instead? Why have you let yourself be led by another? It is time for you to stand on the right path.

The moans of the sinners regretting their sins is more beloved to Allah that the exaltation of His glorifiers. the obedient is guided through his deeds, the sinner is humiliated because of his sins, and the mistaken plays the strings of his fearing Allah and chants the songs of shame.

It is amazing how the Possessor of the creation asks his slaves to drop a tear though He created the seven oceans; “And to Allah belongs the dominion of the heavens and the earth” (al-Fath 48:14) Nevertheless he sends a message to you saying, “Who is it that would loan Allah goodly loan.” (al-Hadid 57:11)

Indeed Pride is His Garment and he is the One Who says to His slaves: “I was hungry but your never fed me.” (Recorded in Muslim) He cuts off the necks of tongues by using the sword of “He is not questioned about what He does, but they will be questioned.” (al-Anbiya 21:23) So no one should ever object then, when He comes in Grace saying to His slaves: “Is there anyone requesting anything so that I may fulfil it for him?” (Recorded by Ibn Rajab)

He cannot be encompassed by anything yet He is in the heart of those who draw near to Him in humility; He is unseen by the eyes but appears to the hearts.

I wonder at you! Allah draws near to you though He is in no need for you, whereas you are arrogant with Him though you are in need of Him. When you are far, he draws you near to Him and when you are negligent, He reminds you. He did not favour any other creation over you but nevertheless you still favour everything over Him. Lower the head of you regret before the commencement of the day at which you are blamed because then you will not have the face to answer any of that.

Seeds of Admonishment and Reform by Imam Ibn Jawzi pages 134-138

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Twenty-ninth Juz’

Contents

The twenty-ninth  juz’ of the Quran begins with Surah Al-Mulk, and includes Surah Al-Qalam (The Pen), Surah Al-Haqqah (The Inevitable), Surah Al-Ma’arij (The ways of Ascent), Surah Nuh (Noah), Surah Al-Jinn (The Jin), Surah Al-Muzzammil (The One Wrapped in Garments), Surah Al-Muddaththir (The One Enveloped), Surah Al-Qiyamah (The Resurrection), Surah Al-Insan (Man) and Surah Mursalat (Those Sent Forth) in their entirety.

Revelation

Most of these short Surahs were revealed at the beginning of the Makkan period, when the Muslim community was small in number and in need of strengthening of faith.

From the Virtues of these Surahs

Imam Ahmad recorded from Abu Hurayrah that Allah’s Messenger, peace be upon him, said: “Verily, there is a chapter in the Qur’an which contains thirty Ayat that will intercede on behalf of its reciter until he is forgiven. It is: “Blessed be He in Whose Hand is the dominion.” (Surah Al Mulk)

At-Tabarani and Al-Hafiz Ad-Diya’ Al-Maqdisi both recorded from Anas that the Messenger of Allah said: “There is a chapter of the Qur’an that will argue on behalf of its reciter until it causes him to enter into Paradise. It is: “Blessed be He in Whose Hand is the dominion.” (Surah Al Mulk)

Al-Bukhari recorded from Abdullah – that is Ibn Mas’ud — that he said, “While we were with the Messenger of Allah in a cave at Mina, ‘By the Mursalat.’ was revealed to him. He was reciting it and I was learning it from his mouth. Verily, his mouth was moist with it when a snake leaped out at us. The Prophet said, ‘Kill it!’ So we quickly went after it, but it got away. Then the Prophet said: ‘It was saved from your harm just as you all were saved from its harm.”’ (Surah Al-Mursulat)

In a report from Malik on the authority of Ibn ‘Abbas, he narrated that Umm Al-Fadl (his mother) heard him (Ibn Abbas) reciting: ‘By the Mursalat’ so she said, “O my son! You reminded me with your recitation of this Surat. Verily, it is the last thing I heard from the Messenger of Allah. He recited it in the Maghrib prayer (i.e., before he died).” Both Al-Bukhari and Muslim recorded this report in the Two Sahihs by way of Malik. (Surah Al-Mursulat)

Select Quotations

“Do you feel secure that He, Who is over the heaven (Allah), will not cause the earth to sink with you, and then it should quake? Or do you feel secure that He, Who is over the heaven (Allah) will not send against you a violent whirlwind? Then you shall know how (terrible) has been My Warning?” (Surah Al-Mulk 67:16-17)

“And verily, this (Qur’an) is a Reminder for the Muttaqun (pious). And verily, We know that there are some amongst you that deny (this Qur’an). And indeed it (this Qur’an) will be an anguish for the disbelievers (on the Day of Resurrection), And verily, it (this Qur’an) is an absolute Truth with certainty. So glorify the Name of your Lord, the Most Great.” (69:48-52)

“Verily, man was created very impatient; Irritable when evil touches him. Except those who are devoted to Salat (prayers); Those who remain constant in their Salat (prayers); And those in whose wealth there is a recognised right.” (Surah Al-Ma’arij 70:19-24)

“And remember the name of your Lord and devote yourself to Him with a complete devotion.  (He Alone is) Lord of the East and the West; there is no god but He. So take Him Alone as your Disposer of your Affairs. And be patience (O Muhammad) with what they say, and keep away from them in a good way.” (Surah Al-Muzzammil 73:8-11)

“And they give food inspite of their love for it (or for the love of Him) to the Miskin (the poor), the orphan and the captive.” (Surah Al-Insan 76:8)

Main Themes

The last two juz’ of the Qur’an mark a break from the previous sections. Each surah is shorter in length, dates mostly from the Makkan period, prior to the migration to Madinah, and focuses on the internal spiritual life of believers. There is very little discussion of practical matters of daily living, interacting with the larger community, or legal rulings. Rather, the focus is on strengthening one’s internal Faith in Allah, the Almighty.

The first Surah of this section is called Surah Al-Mulk which translates as ‘ The Dominion’, and as the hadith cited above states, the Prophet Muhammad, peace be upon him, told us that it would intercede on behalf of its reciter until they are forgiven. May Allah make us of those people, Ameen. He, peace be upon him, also urged his followers to recite this Surah each night before sleeping. Its message emphasizes the power of Allah, who created and maintains all things. Without the blessings and provisions of Allah, we would have nothing. Unbelievers are warned about the penalties of the Fire, awaiting those who reject faith.

Surah Al-Qalam gives the parable of the People of the Garden who felt pride in their gardens. They said they would pick fruits in the morning without saying ‘InshaAllah’ and that they would prevent the poor people from taking any fruits. Allah brought a fire that blackened their crops, and they realised the error of their ways. Such is the punishment (in this life), but truly, the punishment of the Hereafter is greater (68:17-33).

Surah Al-Haqqah speaks the inevitable Day of Resurrection, and the punishments that befell those who rejected the Message that was sent to them. The people of ‘Ad were destroyed by a violent wind, Fir’aun (Pharoah), the people of Lut (Lot) and the people of Nuh (Noah) were all overwhelmed.

Surah Al-Ma’arij reminds us about the torment that no-one can avert. On that Day the sky will be like the boiling filth of oil, the mountains will be like flakes of wool and no friend will ask about the other (70:8-10).

Surah Nuh tells of how the Prophet Nuh (Noah) peace be upon him, warned his people that they should worship Allah alone before the coming of a painful torment. But when he called them they thrust their fingers in their ears, and covered themselves in their garments magnifying their pride (71:7) so they were destroyed. Allah created us from the dust of the earth, and placed the seven heavens above one another with the moon and the sun as lamps. Do you not think He can bring you forth again on the day of Resurrection?

Surah Al-Jinn tells us of the incident when a group of Jinn heard the Prophet, peace and blessings of Allah be upon him, reciting Qur’an and became believers.

Surah Al-Muzzammil contains the command for the Prophet, peace and blessings be upon, to stand in the night prayer reciting Qur’an in a slow and pleasant style. Be patient with what others say, and keep away from them in a good way (73:10).

Surah Al-Muddaththir contain some of the earliest verses revealed to the Prophet, peace and blessings of Allah be upon him, after Surah Al-Alaq. He is called to arise and warn the people, to purify his garments, keep away from the idols and to be patient for the sake of his Lord. Those who deny the Message will be cast into the Fire (74:26).

In Surah Al-Qiyamah Allah reminds us of the Day of Reckoning when the sight will be dazed, and the sun and the moon will be joined togther. That Day there will be no refuge except with Allah. Man will be a witness against himself (75:14) and will be unable to make excuses.

Surah Al-Insan tells is how we were created Nutfah, mixed drops of male a female discharge, in order to try us. We were shown the way, whether we were grateful or ungrateful for it. The believers will be rewarded with Paradise, reclining on raised thrones in the shade with bunches of fruit and silver vessels, and the disbelievers will be recompensed with Hell with iron chains, iron collars and a blazing Fire.

In Surah Mursalat Allah testifies by the winds that blow violently and scatter clouds and rain, and by the Qur’an and the angels that bring the revelation, that the Promise of the Day of Judgement is true. That Day the stars will lose their light, the heavens will be cleft asunder, and the mountains will be blown away. Didn’t Allah destroy the people of civilisations past? Didn’t He create you from despised fluids? Then, woe to those who deny the Day of Resurrection.

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The Marvellous Creation of Allah

Colourful are the jewels of existence that adorn the brides of creation, to delight the eye of the slaves of Allah; such owners! From the moment you are admitted into the kingdom of Allah you shall never stop admiring the adornments of His creation, so look for moment with the eyes of contemplation while lowering the gaze of your bodily eyes, and then answer me; is there any better universe than this? Leave out of your house of retreat, and walk across the passage of your contemplation and stop to contemplate at the wide open spaces; reflect on how the green grows in the presence of the Creator’s mysteries; growing plants all wearing the same garb of solidarity; dancing in the springtime in celebration of the season of irrigation they had. Contemplate the multitude of colours that exist in a single branch, how splendid is the handiwork of the Creator!

Pay attention to their signs, and notice how they all direct the heedless to the One Who created them, while people are busy with their self-desires. Listen to the sound of leaves while they are hanging on their sticks so may the rhyme of their movements bring back to the right path the one who is far from it.

I wonder how you reflect on others yet forget reflecting on yourself! You should use the eye of your intellect to reflect deeply on how a drop of seed is dipped in the blood of menses and is being crafted by the carpenter of fate shaping the faculties of hearing and seeing without even touching it, all the while it is embraced while wearing its garment and covering up with a robe of a clot to transform afterward into a lump of flesh. Then it changes to flesh and blood so afterward is covered with skin to protect it from the hands of harm until eventually coming out in the form of an infant who gradually grows up to become a child; then after some time he experiences the sphere of utterance and climbs out into the robe on intellect and reasoning. There are many calls that have been voiced out between the legs of transforming due to the shaking shackles of wisdom in the bangles of mind. Overtime it makes as found the tongues of guidance chant songs of meanings but how would a reckless deaf hear all that? Far from happening it is, for person who suffers the flu cannot enjoy the smell of roses similar to how a person in prison cannot enjoy the day of Id. So, if you were surprised of how have not so far!!

How could you not be thoughtful though you attained the instruments and reasoning! How could you blind your heart after seeing the truth?! Indeed, the most amazing acts of Allah’s Power is when “Allah has sent him astray due to knowledge.” (al-Jathiyah 45:23)

Seeds of Admonishment and Reform by Imam Ibn Jawzi Pages 132-133

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Twenty-Eighth Juz’

Contents

The twenty-eighth juz’ of the Qur’an contains Surah Al-Mujadilah (The Woman who Disputes), Surah Al-Hashr (The Gathering), Surat Al-Mumtahanah (The Woman to be Examined), Surah As-Saff (The Row or the Rank), Surah Al-Jumuah (Friday), Surah Al-Munafiqun (The Hypocrites), Surah At-Taghabun (Mutual Loss and Gain), Surah At-Talaq (The Divorce) and Surah At-Tahrim (The Prohibition) in their entirety.

Revelation

These Surahs were revealed after the Hijrah, during the time that the Muslims were living as a community in Madinah. The subject matter largely relates to matters of daily living, with instructions and guidance about different issues that faced the Muslims at that time.

From the Virtues of these Surahs

Imam Ahmad recorded that Abdullah bin Salam, may Allah be pleased with him, said, “We asked, ‘Who among us should go to the Messenger and ask him about the dearest actions to Allah?’ None among us volunteered. The Messenger sent a man to us and that man gathered us and recited this Surah, Surah As-Saff, in its entirety.”’

Ibn Abbas and Abu Hurayrah, may Allah be pleased with them both, narrated that Allah’s Messenger, peace and blessings be upon him, used to recite Surah Al-Jumuah and Surah Al-Munafiqin during the Friday Prayer. Muslim collected this Hadith in his Sahih.

Select Quotations

“O you who believe! When you hold secret counsel, do it not for sin and wrongdoing, and disobedience towards the Messenger (Muhammad), but do it for Al-Birr (righteounes) and Taqwa (virtues and piety); and fear Allah unto whom you shall be gathered.” (Surah Al-Mujadilah 58:9)

“Had we sent down this Qur’an on a mountain, you would surely have seen it humbling itself and rent asunder by the fear of Allah. Such are the parables which We put forward to mankind that they may reflect.” (Surah Al-Hashr 59:21)

“Perhaps Allah will make friendship between you and those whom you hold as enemies. And Allah has power (over all things), and Allah is Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful. Allah does not forbid you to deal justly and kindly with those who fought not against you on account of religion nor drove you our of your homes. Verily, Allah loves those who deal with equity.” (Surah Al-Mumtahanah 60:7-8)

“O you who believe! Let not your properties or your children divert you from the remembrance of Allah. And whosoever does that, they are the losers.” (Surah Al-Munafiqun 63:9)

“No calamity befalls, but by the Leave of Allah, and whosoever believes in Allah, He guides his heart [to true Faith with certainty]. And Allah is the All-Knower of everything.” (Surah At-Taghabun 64:11)

“O you who believe! ward off yourselves and your families against a Fire (Hell) whose fuel is men and stones, over which are (appointed) angels stern (and) severe, who disobey not, (from executing) the commands they receive from Allah, but do that which they are commanded.” (Surah At-Tahrim 66:6)

Main Themes

The Surahs in this juz’ were all revealed in Madinah after the Hijrah, and are primarily concerned with practical matters of living Islam, interacting with the wider non-Muslim population, and legal rulings. During the time that the early Muslims were setting up a community in Madinah, they faced issues that needed guidance and decision-making. Rather than rely on their cultural traditions and previous legal rulings, they sought to follow Islam in all matters of daily living.

Surah Al-Mujadilah addresses the issues of continuing practices from the times of ignorance, such as zihar, declaring a husband or wife unlawful to onself. It enjoins us not to hold secret counsels except to do Al-Birr (righteounes) and Taqwa (virtues and piety), and whenever we are alone with one anohter Allah is with us by knowledge.

Surah Al-Hashr relates to the battle against the Jews of Banu-Nadhir in 4 A.H, and how we should take heed of what has befallen them. They were a strong tribe with great wealth and possessions who were banished from their settlement without a single man being slain. They were conquered because they opposed Allah and His Messenger, and Allah is severe in punishment. Laws relating to the distribution of war booty and territory are outlined (59:6-10) and the hypocrites are condemned.

Surat Al-Mumtahanah enjoins the Muslims not to take the enemies of Allah as friends, because if they were gain the upper hand over the Muslims they would bring forth evil against them. At the same time, we should deal justly and kindly with those who have not fought against us on account of our religion (60:8). The issue of Muslim women who were migrating to Madinah, and were still married to non-Muslims is addressed, their unions are no longer lawful (60:10).

Surah As-Saff calls on the Muslims to adopt sincerity in faith and to struggle for the Cause of Allah. Some of the ayat address the Muslims who are weak in faith and some towards the sincere believers, while others are addressed specifically towards the hypocrites.

Surah Al-Jumuah was revealed in two sections at two different points in time. The first eight ayat was likely revealed after the conquest of Khaiber in 7 A.H, and are addressed towards the Jews who were entrusted with the Torah but failed in their obligations towards it. They are compared to a donkey with a burden of books on its back that it understands nothing of (62:5). The second section was revealed many years later, and was appended to this section because in it, Allah bestows Friday on the Muslims as opposed to the Sabbath (Saturday), and the Muslims are enjoined not to treat Friday as the Jews treated their Sabbath.

Surah Al-Munafiqun addresses the hypocrites, who hinder man from the path of Allah. They believed and then disbelieved, so their hearts are sealed and they do not understand. They look pleasing, they speak in a pleasing way, but they are enemies to the Muslims so beware (63:4).

Surah At-Taghabun has as its theme the invitaion to Faith and obedience to Allah and the teaching of good morals. We are reminded of the painful end of those who disbelieved of the previous generations. No calamity befalls a true believer except that Allah guides their heart to faith by it (64:11). Our wealth and our children are but a trial and with Allah lies the highest reward.

Surah At-Talaq deals with the ruling surrounding divorce and and the treatment of women during that time. It details the waiting period and possibilities for reconciliation.

Surah At-Tahrim clarifies that the power to prescribe the bounds of lawful and unlawful things, the permissible and forbidden, reside entirely and absolutely with Allah alone. The Prophet, peace and blessings of Allah be upon him, may only declare something lawful or unlawful after receiving inspiration from Allah. It was revealed in relation to an incident in which the Prophet, peace and blessings of Allah be upon him, seeking to please his wives, forbade himself something (honey) which Allah had allowed.

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The Reckoning of Mankind Draws Near

As the warning of “The reckoning of mankind draws near” (Aniya 21:1) was called out in the midst of the companions of the Prophet, peace and blessings of Allah be upon him, the apprehension in their hearts, arising out of their fear of Allah, reflected in their eyes, causing them to cry rivers of sadness “so that valleys flow according to their measure” (al-Rad 13:17) Abu Bakr, may Allah be pleased with him, gave away all his wealth, not even sparing his garment, Umar Ibn al-Khattab, may Allah be pleased within, wished he were an inanimate shrub, and Uthman, may Allah be pleased with him, wished after his death never to be resurrected out of fear of Allah. Ali ibn Ali Talib, may Allah be pleased with him, shouted at this worldly life, I divorce you thrice, even though a single divorce would have sufficed, but he did it thrice to ensure that someday his self-desire would not rekindle the hope to seek a loophole by means of which he could return to it. Abu ad-Darda, may Allah be pleased with him, wished he were a fodder plant chewed by animals, and Imran ibn al-Husayn, may Allah be pleased with him, wished he was reduced to ashes. Indeed you listen to the Quran but undoubtedly you do not hear the the way they heard it.

Devotees are focussed upon worshipping their Lord; their feet are lined up in harmony within the rows, standing their weight on the throes of fear of Allah, so when they are affected by their fear, they shift their weight off the foot of fear onto the toe of hope.

The condition of people differs at the time of their death; some endured the fear of Allah until the moment they died, such as Umar ibn al-Khattab, who said on his death bed: ‘Woe to Umar should his Lord not forgive him’, and some were distressed by the thirst of their fearful cautiousness so they cooled themselves down with the water of hope, such as Bilal ibn Abi Rabah, may Allah be pleased with him, whose wife lamented while he was on his death bed saying; ‘How grievous and sorrowful is this moment for me!’ while he on the other hand said jubilantly ‘How joyous and pleasant this moment is, soon I will meet Mohammed and his companions!’ This is because Bilal knew that the Prophet, peace and blessings of Allah be upon him, would never forget the one who announced the call for Salah and so he mitigated death with the comfort of hope.

While Sulayman al-Taimi was on his death bed he said to his son: ‘Narrate to me the hadiths related to consciousness, so that I meet Allah, Exalted is He, while I am optimistic in Him.’ For how long should a traveller walk? Surely he must stop and seek repose at some point.

O you of feeble will: How far are you from the path on which Adam, peace be upon him, suffered, because of which Nuh was mourned, for the sake of which Ibrahim was thrown into the fire, on which Ishaq was laid down to be slaughtered, Yusuf was sold for a meagre price, Zaariyya was cut into pieces, Yahya was murdered, Ayyub suffered all kinds of calamities, dawn wept so much, Sulayman did not rejoice despite all that he possessed, Musa desired to see His Lord, Isa wandered with the beasts in the desert, and Muhammad endured poverty!

The first step in the path towards Allah is to sacrifice one’s soul; this is the path, yet where are those who will walk it! This is the shirt of Yusuf, peace be upon him, waiting for Yaqub, and here is the Mountain of Sina awaiting Musa, where is Junayd to witness and where is al-Shibli, the pious worshipper, to listen to all this?

Seeds of Admonishment and Reform by Imam Ibn Jawzi pages 128-131

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Twenty-seventh Juz’

Contents

The twenty-seventh juz’ of the Qur’an contains Surah Adh-Dhariyat (The Winds that Scatter) from ayah 31 till its end, Surah At-Tur (The Mount) Surah An-Najm (The Star), Surah Al-Qamar (The Moon), Surah Ar-Rahman (The Most Gracious), Surah Al-Waqiah (The Event) and Surah Al-Hadid (Iron) in their entirety.

Revelation

Surah At-Tur,  Surah An-Najm, Surah Al-Qamar, Surah Ar-Rahman and Surah Al-Waqiah were revealed in Makkah. Surah Al-Hadid was revealed in Madinah.

From the Virtues of these Surahs

Al-Bukhari recorded that Umm Salamah said, “I complained of being ill to the Messenger of Allah , and he said: “Perform Tawaf (of the Ka`bah) behind the crowd, while you are riding”. So, I performed Tawaf while the Messenger of Allah was praying beside the House, reciting At-Tur.” (Fath Al-Bari 8:468)

Imam Ahmad recorded that Umar bin Al-Khattab asked Abu Waqid Al-Laythi, “What did the Prophet recite during the Id Prayer?” Abu Waqid said, “Surah Qaf and Surat Iqtarabat (i.e. Surat Al-Qamar).” (Recorded in Muslim)

At-Tirmidhi recorded that Jabir said, “The Messenger of Allah went to his Companions and recited Surat Ar-Rahman from beginning to end for them, but they did not say anything. The Prophet said: “I recited it to the Jinns, on the night of the Jinns and their response was better than yours! Whenever I recited Allah’s statement: ‘Then which of the blessings of your Lord will you both deny’. They said, “None of Your favors do we deny, our Lord! All praise is due to you.” 

Abu Ishaq reported from Ikrimah from Ibn Abbas that Abu Bakr said, “O Allah’s Messenger! You are becoming grey” The Messenger replied: “Hud (chapter 11), Al-Waqiah (56), Al-Mursalat (77), Amma Yatasa’alun (78) and Idha Ash-Shamsu Kuwwirat (81) have made me grey.” (Recorded in At-Tirmidhi)

Select Quotations

“And I (Allah) created not the jinn and mankind except that they should worship Me (Alone).” (Surah Adh-Dhariyat 53:56)

“On that Day when the heaven will shake with a dreadful shaking. And the mountains will move away with a (horrible) movement. Then woe that day to the deniers.” (Surah At-Tur 52:9-11)

“The (Prophet’s) heart lied not about what he saw. Will you then dispute with him (Muhammad) about what he saw [during the Miraj]. And indeed he (Muhammad) saw him [Angel Jibril] at a second descent, Near Sidrat-ul-Muntaha. Near it is the Paradise of Abode. When that covered that lote tree which did cover it! The sight (of Prophet Muhammad) turned not aside, nor did it transgress beyond the limit. Indeed he (Muhammad) did see of the Greatest Signs of his Lord.” (Surah An-Najm 53:11-18)

“They will come forth, with humbled eyes from (their) graves as if they were locusts spread abroad, hastening towards the caller. The disbelievers will say: ‘This is a hard Day’.” (Surah Al-Qamar 54:7-8)

“And We have indeed made the Qur’an easy to understand and remember; then is there anyone who will remember (or receive admonition)?” (Surah Al-Qamar 54 repeated 6 times)

“Then which of the Blessings of your Lord will you deny?” (Surah Ar-Rahman 55 repeated 31 times)

“Then tell Me about the seed that sow in the ground. Is it you that make it grown, or are We the Grower?” (Surah Al-Waqiah 56:64)

“Whatsoever is in the heavens and the earth glorifies Allah – and He is the All-Mighty, All-Wise. His is the kingdom of the heavens and the earth. It is He Who gives life and causes death; and He is Able to do all things. He is the First (nothing is before Him) and the Last (Nothing is after Him), the Most High (nothing is above Him) and the Most Near (nothing is nearer to Him). And He is the All-Knower of every thing.” (Surah Al-Hadid 57:1-3)

“Who is he that will lend Allah a goodly loan, then (Allah) will increase it manifold to his credit (in repaying), and he will have (besides) a good reward (i.e. Paradise).” (Surah Al-Hadid 57:11)

“Know that the life of this world is only play and amusement, pomp and mutual boasting among you, and rivalry in respect of wealth and children. (It is) as the likeness of vegetation after rain, thereof the growth is pleasing to the tiller; afterwards it dries up and you see it turning yellow; then it becomes straw. But in the Hereafter (there is) severe torment (for the disbelievers), and (there is) forgiveness from Allah and (His) Good Pleasure (for the believers). And the life of this world is only a deceiving enjoyment.” (Surah Al-Hadid 57:20)

Main Themes

Surah Adh-Dhariyat continues in this juz’ with story of the angels visit to the Prophet Ibrahim, peace be upon him, bringing news of the destruction of the people of Lut (Lot) with stones of baked clay. The Prophets Musa (Moses) and Nuh (Noah), peace be upon them, are mentioned and the people of ‘Ad and Thamud, and how the people turned away from the Revelation.

Surah At-Tur deals with the subject of the Hereafter, and Allah’s Signs including His previous Revelations. Allah testifies by the Mount, and the Book Inscribed in parchment unrolled, and by Bait Al-Ma’mur, the house over the heavens above the Kabbah, continuously visited by angels, and by the heaven and the sea, that the torment of your Lord will surely come to pass and there is none than can avert it (52:1-8). Paradise is described with its Gardens, servants, and provisions. In it the believers will remember when they used to fear the punishment of Allah. The attitude of the disbelievers to the Revelation is criticised though questioning of their assumptions and abilities. Did they create the creatures of the heaven and the earth? Do they know what is in the Unseen?

Surah An-Najm was the first Surah with a sajdah or prostration to be revealed in it. It has its theme the subject the Truth of Revelation. The ascent of the Prophet, peace be upon him, during the Miraj is confirmed and how he saw the Angel Jibril near Sidrat-ul-Muntaha, the lote tree of the utmost boundary over the seventh heaven beyond which no one can pass. We are also told that he saw the ‘Greatest Signs of his Lord’ (53:18) and the disbelievers are advised not to dispute with him, peace be upon him, about what he saw. It is Allah who gives life and death, and makes us laugh and weep, and creates us in pairs. These are from the Graces of your Lord, will you then doubt?

Surah Al-Qamar mentions the incident of the shaqq-al-Qamar (splitting of the moon) which took place in Mina, Makkah, about five years before the migration.  The people asked for a miracle and it was shown to them, but still they doubted. The people of Nuh (Noah), peace be upon him, also doubted, and they were overcome by the flood (54:9-15). The people of Lut (Lot) denied and were destroyed by a violent storm of stones (54:34-36) All these are given as reminders to the Quraish of the terrible end for disbelievers. “And We have indeed made the Qur’an easy to understand and remember; then is there anyone who will remember (or receive admonition)?” is repeated six times, throughout the Surah.

Surah Ar-Rahman deals with the subject matter of the Blessings of Allah upon us, Revelation and the Hereafter. We are enjoined to look at Allah’s Signs in the sun and the moon, the creatures of the earth, the vegetation and the treasures of the sea, amongst others. It is the only Surah in the Qur’an in which the jinn are addressed directly, indicating that the Message of the Qur’an is not for human beings alone. It contains the question, ‘Then which of the Blessings of your Lord will you deny?’ 31 times throughout 78 ayat.

Surah Al-Waqiah confirms the certainty of the Day of Judgement and the Truth of Revelation. Paradise is described in detail with its thrones woven with gold and precious stones, drinks of non-intoxicating wine, flesh of fowls that they desire, water flowing constantly and fruit in plenty (56:15-32). Hell is also described with its fierce hot wind, boiling water and shadow of black smoke (56:42-44). The disbelievers are asked, is it them who causes the seed to grow, or the rain to fall, or the fire to kindle, or is it Allah?

Surah Al-Hadid opens by glorifying Allah and then exhorts the Muslims to spend in His Cause. Those who spend in the way of Allah are promised a greater reward for their ‘goodly loan’, namely Paradise (57:11). This Surah was revealed at a time when the Madinah was surrounded by disbelievers and the Muslims were engaged in a life and death struggle for the cause of Islam. We are reminded that the life of  this world is put play and amusement and with Allah lies the highest reward.

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